4th January, on this day

46BC Titus Labienus defeats Julius Caesar in the Battle of Ruspina
0274 St Eutychian begins his reign as Catholic Pope
0871 Battle at Reading Ethelred of Wessex beats Danish invasion army
1493 Columbus left new world on return from 1st voyage
1570 Spanish viceroy Alva banishes Zutphen City's only physician, Joost Sweiter, "because he is a Jew"
1642 King Charles I with 400 soldiers attacks the English parliament
1717 Netherlands, England and France sign Triple Alliance
1725 Benjamin Franklin arrives in London
1754 Columbia University founded, as Kings College (New York City NY)
1762 England declares war on Spain &and Naples
1780 Snowstorm hit Washington's army at Morristown, New Jersey
1781 André Méchain discovers M80 (globular cluster in Scorpio)
1832 Insurrection of Trinidad negroes
1861 President Buchanan appoints a fast on account of threatened succession
1861 US Fort Morgan, Mobile, seized by Alabama
1862 Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson occupies Bath
1863 4 wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton of NY
1881 Johannes Brahms' "Academic Festival Overture" premieres, Breslau
1884 In London, Socialist group the Fabian Society is launched
1884 Last sighting of an eastern cougar (Ontario)
1885 The first successful appendix operation is performed by Dr William West Grant in Iowa in the United States of America
1887 Thomas Stevens is 1st man to bicycle around the world (San Francisco-San Francisco); 21,700km
1893 US President Harrison grants amnesty to Mormon polygamy
1894 France ratifies Duple Alliance with Russia
1896 Following Mormon abandonment of polygamy, Utah admitted as 45th state
1898 1st installment of William Dean Howell's "Life and Letters" appears
1904 Supreme Court rules Puerto Ricans cannot be denied admission to US
1912 Smallest earth-moon distance this century, 356,375 km center-to-center
1915 1st elected Jewish Governor, Moses Alexander, takes office in Idaho
1915 Trans-Caucausus Russian defeat Turkish troops
1921 Eugene O'Neill's "Diff'rent" premieres in New York City NY
1923 Lenin's "Political Testament" calls for removal of Stalin
1925 French psychologist Emil Coué brings his self-esteem therapy to US "Every day in every way I am getting better and better"
1926 Theodorus Pangalos resigns as Greek dictator
1932 British East Indies Viceroy Willingdon arrests Gandhi and Nehru
1932 State of siege proclaimed in Honduras
1935 Fort Jefferson National Monument, Florida established
1936 Billboard Magazine publishes the first popular music chart, with rankings based on national sales figures
1939 Hermann Goering appoints Reinhard Heydrich head of Jewish Emigration
1941 Operation Compass: Australian troops of the Western Desert Force capture Italian-held Bardia, just across the Egyptian border. The Allies take 45,000 Italian prisoners. Tobruk, the next target, is 70 miles away.
1941 Resistance fighters counter d'Estienne d'Orves/Jan Doornik, 1st meet
1942 Premier Churchill and General Marshall fly to Florida
1943 Thomas Mann completes his tetralogy, "Joseph and His Brothers"
1944 The Russians cross into Poland from the Ukrainian front.
1945 Germans execute resistance fighters in Amsterdam
1945 US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after kamikaze attack
1948 Britain grants independence to Burma
1951 Residents of the South Korean capital, Seoul, are warned of imminent invasion by North Korean and Chinese Communist forces
1954 Elvis Presley records a 10 minute demo in Nashville
1958 Sputnik 1 reenters atmosphere and burns up
1959 Luna 1 (Mechta) becomes 1st craft to leave Earth's gravity
1960 European Free Trade Association forms in Stockholm
1961 Longest recorded strike ends-33 years-Danish barbers' assistants
1962 1st automated (unmanned) subway train (New York City NY)
1963 Soviet Luna (4) reaches Earth orbit but fails to reach Moon
1965 LBJ's "Great Society" State of the Union Address
1967 Donald Campbell dies attempting to break the world water speed record on Coniston Water in the Lake District in England
1968 Leo Fender sells Fender Guitars for $13 million
1969 France begins arms embargo against Israel
1970 Beatles last recording session at EMI studios
1971 Dr Melvin H Evans inaugurated as 1st elected Governor of Virgin Islands
1971 Ohio agrees to pay $675,000 to relatives of Kent State victims
1972 Rose Heilbron becomes the first woman to be appointed a judge at the Old Bailey Court in London, England
1974 American President Richard Nixon refuses to hand over tape recordings and documents subpoenaed by the Senate Watergate Committee
1980 President Carter announces US boycott of Moscow Olympics
1981 British police arrest Peter Sutcliffe, the "Yorkshire Ripper"
1987 Spanish Guitar legend Andres Segovia embarks on his final tour of America. Widely credited with popularising the instrument, Segovia dies four months later in Madrid aged 94
1987 16 die in a train crash in Chase, MD
1989 Vice President Bush is 1st since Vice President Van Buren to declare himself President
1989 US F-14s shoot down 2 Libyan jet fighters over Mediterranean
1991 Iraq agrees to send Aziz to Geneva to meet Baker on Jan 9th
1991 Jan Krzystof Bielecki becomes premier of Poland
1998 Loyalist prisoners in Maze Prison, Northern Ireland, vote to withdraw support for the Ulster Peace Process. They claim that too many concessions have been made to Republicans
1998 Wilaya of Relizane massacres in Algeria; over 170 are killed in three remote villages
1998 Olympic Airways Flight 417 Second-hand smoke and failure to re-seat a sensitive passenger killed Dr. Abid Hanson
1999 British Chancellor Gordon Brown's press advisor Charles Whelan resigns in wake of the Mandelson and Robinson loan affair
2000 Catherine Hartley and Fiona Thornewill become the first British women to reach the South Pole, crossing 680 miles of Antartica where temperatures are often as low as minus 48 degrees Centigrade
2004 Dr. Mikhail Saakashvili is elected the President of Georgia.
2004 Spirit, a NASA Mars Rover, lands successfully on Mars at 04:35 UTC.
2004 Unrest takes over the southern provinces of Thailand.

4th January 2006

Fury over US mine 'rescue' fiasco

Bomber kills 32 at Iraq funeral

Ukraine and Russia reach gas deal

4th January 2007

New era as Democrats take charge

Israeli military raids Ramallah

Treatment keeps girl child-sized

4th January 2008

Kenya's humanitarian crisis grows

Deadly floods hit southern Africa

US economy fear

4th January 2009

Israeli troops clash with Hamas

Pilgrims die in Iraq bomb blast

Ferry capsizes in eastern Nepal

4th January 2010

Dozens die in India cold wave

5 soldiers killed in Afghan blasts

World's tallest building opens in Dubai

Birthdates which occurred on 4th January :

1334 Amadeus VI [Green Earl], Earl of Savoye
1567 Franciscus Aguilon physicist/mathematician/jesuit/architect
1579 Willem Teellinck Dutch theologist/vicar
1581 Bishop James Ussher Archbishop of Armagh, calculated Earth's beginning (November 23, 4004 BC)
1604 Jacob Balde German jesuit/barok conductor (Jephthe)
1710 Giovanni Battista Pergolesi Italian composer (Il Prigioniero Superbo)
1717 Antonio Maria Mazzoni composer
1720 Johann Friedrich Agricola German (court)composer/organist
1726 Cornelis Ploos van Amstel Dutch engraver/art collector
1739 Henrik C Cras Dutch lawyer (Laudatio Hugonis Grotii)
1756 Anne Nagell van Ampsen Dutch politician
1759 Maria Rosa Coccia composer
1772 Paul-Louis Courier (de Méré), French writer/interpreter
1773 Johann Peter Heuschkel composer
1785 Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm Germany, librarian (fairy tale collector)
1789 Benjamin Lundy philanthropist/abolitionist
1797 Wilhelm Beer Germany, amateur astronomer (constructed 1st Moon map)
1805 Stephan Hale Alonzo Marsh composer
1807 Baltasar Saldoni composer
1809 Louis Braille Coupvray France, developer (reading system for blind)
1813 Sir Isaac Pitman inventor (shorthand)
1813 Alexander Freiherr von Bach Austria attorney/premier (1852-59)
1813 Louis L Bonaparte English/French linguist/senator
1821 John James Peck Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1878
1822 Joseph Jones Reynolds Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1899
1823 Otto van Rees Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1884-88)
1823 Peter Joseph Osterhaus Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1917
1837 Casimiro de Abreu Brazil, poet (Camoes e o jau)
1838 Charles Stratton [General Tom Thumb] (famous short person)
1844 Thomas H Rollinson composer
1847 Hendrik Goeman Borgesius Dutch politician
1869 Percy Pitt composer
1872 Edmund Rumpler Austria, auto/airplane builder
1874 Josef Suk Czech violinist/composer (Asrael)
1874 Sven Fleuron writer
1877 Gibson Gowland England, actor (Blind Husbands, Phantom of the Opera)
1878 Alfred Edgar Coppard England, writer (Black Dogs & Other Stories)
1881 Wilhelm Lehmbruck German painter/poet/sculptor (Seated Youth)
1883 Johanna Westerdijk botanist/Netherlands 1st female profressor (Utrecht, 1917-52)
1883 Max F Eastman US, critic/essayist (Masses)
1888 Arthur Berry England, soccer player (Olympics-gold-1908, 12)
1889 Albertus W "Albert" van Dalsum actor/director (Abandoned Child)
1890 Alfred G Jodl German Wehrmacht General/Chief of Staff
1890 Mosa Pijade Yugoslavia, MP (communist)
1893 Manuel Palau Boix composer
1894 Wesley La Violette composer
1895 Lourens G M Baas Becking Dutch botanist/resistance fighter
1896 Everett McKinley Dirkson (Senator-R-IL)
1896 André Aimé René Masson French Surrealist artist (Labyrinth)
1898 Roger Vuataz composer
1903 Joris Diels Flemish actor/director (Haagsche Comedy)
1903 Ramón Ernesto Cruz Uclés Honduras President (1971-72); overthrown
1905 Sterling Holloway Cedartown GA, actor (Waldo-Life of Riley)
1908 Angela Maria "Geli" Raubal Austrian nude model/Hitler's lover
1908 Walther Vanbeselaere Flemish art historian
1913 Malietoa Tanumafili II King of West-Samoa (1962- )
1914 Jane Wyman St Joseph MO, 1st Mrs Ron Reagan, (Magnificent Obsession)
1914 Mohammed Sahir shah (Afghanistan)
1916 Catherina Elisabeth "Tootje" Vreede portrait painter
1916 Robert Parrish Columbus GA, director (Casino Royale)
1917 Jesse [Marc Weidenfeld] White Buffalo NY, actor (Maytag Repairman, Bedtime for Bonzo, Million Dollar Mermaid)
1917 Maurice Wohl English broker/multi-millionaire
1919 Al "Jazbo" Collins New York City NY, disk jockey (Tonight! America After Dark)
1919 Havelock Henry Trevor Hudson underwriter (Lloyd's of London)
1920 Benito Perez Galdos Spanish writer (Fortunata y Jacinta)
1920 William Egan Colby CIA director (Nixon)
1922 Frank Wess flutist/saxophonist/composer
1923 Flavio Testi composer
1925 Veikko Hakulinen Finland, 30K/50K cross country skier (Olympics-gold-1956)
1927 Barbara Rush Denver CO, actress (Marsha-Peyton Place, Flamingo Road)
1929 Amitai W Etzioni US sociologist (Active Society)
1929 Bobby Tulloch ornithologist
1930 Don Shula winningest NFL coach (Miami Dolphins)
1930 Iain Cuthbertson British actor (Guilty, Scandal, Rep, Danger UXB)
1930 Sorrell Booke Buffalo NY, actor (Bye Bye Braverman, Black Like Me)
1932 Richard Stahl Detroit MI, actor (Howard-It's a Living)
1933 Ed Jenkins (Representative-D-GA, 1977- )
1935 Floyd Patterson heavyweight champ (1956-59, 1960-62) (Olympics-gold-1952)
1935 Kenneth Money Canada, astronaut (STS 42-alt)
1937 Dyan Cannon Tacoma WA, Mrs Cary Grant, actress (Heaven Can Wait)
1937 Grace Bumbry St Louis, mezzo-soprano (Venus in Tannhäuser)
1937 R Surendranath cricketer (Indian pace bowler in 11 Tests early 60s)
1938 Louis Krebs Graham Nashville TN, PGA golfer (1975 US Open)
1939 Jon Appleton composer
1939 Oliver Clark Buffalo NY, actor (Bob Newhart Show, Two of Us)
1940 Anthony Skooter Teague Texas, actor (How to Succeed in Business)
1940 Brian Josephson British physicist (Nobel 1973)
1941 John Bennett Perry Williamstown MA, singer/actor (Falcon Crest)
1941 Maureen Reagan 1st daughter (Ronald Reagan)
1941 Jörg Remé German/Dutch painter/graphic artist
1942 John McLaughlin rock guitarist (Sentimental Journey/Clouds of Joy)
1943 Tom Wilkinson CFL QB (Edmonton Eskimos)
1944 Volker Hornback rocker (Tangerine Dream)
1945 Jay Dee Maness Loma Linda CA, singer (Desert Rose Band-Love Reunited)
1946 Bernard Sumner rocker (New Order-Round & Round)
1947 J Danforth Quayle (Senator-R-IN, 44th Vice President 1989-1993)
1949 Mick Mills British soccer player
1951 Barbara Ann Cochran Claremont NH, slalom skier (Olympics-gold-1972)
1955 Kathy Forester Lookout Mountain GA, country singer (Forester Sister-Men)
1955 Mark Hollis English pop musician (Talk Talk, Dum Dum Girl)
1956 Ann Magnuson Charleston WV, actress (Anything But Love, Hunger)
1956 Barney Sumner rock guitarist/vocalist (New Order-Blue Monday)
1956 Bernard Albrecht English pop guitarist (Joy Division)
1957 Patty Loveless [Ramey], Pikeville KY, singer (Blue Side of Town)
1958 Matt Frewer Washington DC, actor (Max Headroom, Doctor Doctor)
1958 Nina Foust Asheboro NC, LPGA golfer (1994 Hawaiian Ladies Open-6th)
1959 Vanity [Denise Marquardt], Ontario Canada, actress (52 Pick Up)
1960 Cory Everson Racine Wisconsin, body builder (6X Ms Olympia)
1960 Michael Stipe US rock vocalist (REM-Losing My Religion, Stand)
1961 Lee Curreri New York City NY, actor (Bruno Martelli-Fame)
1962 Martin McAloon rocker (Prefab Sprout-2 Wheels Good)
1962 Joe Kleine NBA center (Phoenix Suns, Chicago Bulls)
1962 Patrick Cassidy Los Angeles CA, actor/composer (Fever Pitch, Off the Wall)
1963 Dave Foley actor/comedian (Kids In The Hall, Dave Nelson-NewsRadio)
1963 Linda Muri Killingly CT, rower (Olympics-96)
1964 Stephanie Maxwell-Pierson Somerville NJ, US rower (Olympics-92)
1965 David Glasper rocker (Breathe-All I Need)
1965 Guy Forget Morocco, tennis star
1965 Jergus Baca Liptovsky Mikulas Czechoslovakia, IHL defenseman (Team Slovakia 98)
1965 John Jackson NFL offensive tackle (Pittsburgh Steelers)
1965 Julia Ormond London England, actress (Sabrina, Legends of the Fall)
1965 Kevin Wickander US baseball pitcher (Cincinnati Reds)
1965 Mitch Booth Australian tornado yachter (Olympics-96)
1965 Rick Hearst Howard Beach New York City NY, actor (Alan-Michael-Guiding Light)
1966 Deana Carter country singer (Strawberry Wine)
1967 David Wayne Toms Monroe LA, PGA golfer (1992 Northern Telecom-3rd)
1967 Michael "Mike" Peterson Washington DC, rower (Olympics-1996)
1967 Rick Cunningham NFL tackle (Minnesota Vikings, Oakland Raiders)
1968 Jackie Harris NFL tight end (Green Bay Packers, Tampa Bay Buccaneers)
1969 Lindsay Kennedy Atlanta GA, actor (Jeb-Little House on the Prairie)
1969 Corie Blount NBA forward (Los Angeles Lakers)
1969 Kees van Wonderen Dutch soccer player (NEC/NAC)
1970 Colin Scrivener CFL defensive tackle (Winnipeg Blue Bombers)
1970 Sean Lumpkin NFL safety (New Orleans Saints)
1971 Jeremy Licht Los Angeles CA, actor (Mark-Valerie/Hogan Family)
1971 Carlos Perez Dominican/US baseball pitcher (Montréal Expos)
1971 Deb Sonnenberg Edmonton Alberta, softball pitcher (Olympics-96)
1971 Errol Brown CFL defensive back (Winnipeg Blue Bombers)
1971 Garrison Hearst NFL running back (Arizona Cardinals, San Francisco 49ers)
1971 Orlanda Truitt wide receiver (Oakland Raiders)
1971 Richard Chee Quee cricketer (New South Wales opening batsman Fiji/Chin ancestry)
1972 Mike McCoy WLAF quarterback (Amsterdam Admirals)
1973 Lamont Warren NFL running back (Indianapolis Colts)
1973 Ray Mickens cornerback (New York Jets)
1973 Todd Sauerbrun NFL punter/kicker (Chicago Bears)
1974 Carl Powell defensive end (Indianapolis Colts)


Deaths which occurred on January 4th:
0041 Caligula murdered
0838 Babak Persian social/religious reformer, martyred
1584 Tobias Stimmer Swiss painter/cartoonist/playwright, dies at 44
1612 Henry L Spieghel Dutch merchant/writer, dies at 62
1678 Johan Maetsuyker Dutch Governor-General of Ceylon (1653-78), dies at 71
1695 Duke of Luxembourg Luxembourg/French marshal, dies
1701 Ernst R Tarhemberg Austria, field marshal, dies at 62
1707 Louis Willem I count of Baden-Baden, dies
1729 Joseph de Montesquiou Earl d'Artagnan French Lieutenant-General , dies at 77
1729 Meir Bacharach Hebrew poet, dies
1745 Willem I Kerricx the Young, Flemish architect/painter, dies at 62
1752 Gabriel Cramer Swiss mathematician (paradox of Cramer), dies at 47
1761 Stephen Hales English vicar/inventor (ventilator), dies at 83
1765 Joseph Franz Xaver Dominik Stalder composer, dies at 39
1778 Charles D J Eisen French engraver/painter, dies at 57
1782 Ange-Jacques Gabriel French architect (Ecole Military), dies at 83
1786 Mozes Mendelssohn Jewish/German philosopher (Haksalah), dies at 56
1793 Bengt Lidner Swedish poet (Medea/Yttersa domen), dies at 35
1799 Galib Dede/Seyh Galib Turkish poet (Hüsn ü Ask), dies at about 40
1804 Charlotte Lennox English novelist (The Female Quixote), dies
1809 Bartolomeo Giacometti composer, dies at 67
1821 Elizabeth Ann Seton 1st native-born American saint, dies in Maryland
1825 Ferdinand I King of Sicily/Naples (Ferdinand IV), dies at 73
1831 Nikola P Neofit Rilski Bulgaria abbot/poet, dies at 37
1843 Petronella Moens Frisian author/poetess, dies at 80
1864 Mateo Ferrer composer, dies at 75
1877 Cornelius Vanderbilt US robber baron, dies at 82
1880 Anselm Feuerbach German painter, dies
1883 Nicolas Ledesma composer, dies at 91
1885 Eduard Yosif Kotek composer, dies at 29
1886 Ernest Panckoucke French publisher (Horace), dies at 77
1891 Joe Hunter cricket wicket-keeper (England on 1884-85 Autralian tour), dies
1898 Frantisek Pivoda composer, dies at 73
1903 Geo[rge J H] Poggenbeek Dutch surrealist painter, dies at 49
1903 W H M "Dicky" Richards cricketer (score 4 & 0 in Test for South Africa), dies
1908 Antony Winkler Prins writer (Groiller Encyclopaedia), dies at 70
1910 Léon Delagrange French aviation pioneer, dies
1913 Alfred von Schlieffen Prussian General-field marshal, dies at 79
1914 Redjâizade M Ekrem Turkish poet/writer, dies at about 66
1914 Silas Weir Mitchell US physician/author (Free Quaker), dies at 84
1920 Benito Pérez Galdós Spanish writer (Gloria), dies at 76
1931 Art Acord western actor (Set Free, Spurs & Saddles), dies at 40
1933 Lucas Lindeboom Dutch evangelist (Vredebond), dies at 87
1940 Conrad Weiss German writer/poet (Heart of Words), dies at 59
1941 Henri Bergson French philosopher (Le Rire, Nobel 1928), dies at 81
1942 Leon Jessel composer, dies at 70
1944 Henri "Hans" Flu Indonesian/Dutch family doctor/anti-fascist, murder
1944 Kaj Munk [Harald Leininger], anti-fascist writer (Kaj Munk), dies
1946 Barney Oldfield daredevil, dies at 67
1947 Forrest Reid Irish author/critic (Young Tom, Apostate), dies at 71
1952 Constantly Permeke Flemish painter (Boerin), dies at 65
1953 Arthur Hoyt actor (Gold Rush Gertie, Lost World), dies at 78
1955 Dominicus Johner composer, dies at 80
1955 François Rasse composer, dies at 81
1955 Jan D Domela Nieuwenhuis Nyegaard Dutch preacher, dies at 84
1956 Alexandr Tikhonovich Grechaninov composer, dies at 91
1957 Theodor Körner von Siegringen Austrian President (1951-57), dies at 84
1958 Waverley John Anderson Scotland, Viscount/Governor of Bengal, dies at 75
1960 Albert Camus French author (Stranger), dies in an automobile accident at 46
1961 Barry Fitzgerald actor (Going My Way), dies at 72
1964 Ralph Dumke actor (Movieland Quiz), dies at 64
1965 T S Eliot poet (Washed Country), dies in London at 76
1967 Donald Campbell boat racer, dies trying to break 300 mph on water
1968 Joseph Pholien Belgian PM (1950-52) communist fighter, dies at 83
1969 Montague Fawcett Phillips composer, dies at 83
1972 Carl-Olof Anderberg composer, dies at 57
1974 Karel Janacek composer, dies at 70
1975 Carlo Levi Italian writer (Parole Sono Pietre), dies at 72
1976 Jan B Cammans Flemish actor (Brothers Karamazov), dies at 84
1978 Willem Bruynzeel Dutch timber/lumber/wood manufacturer, dies at 76
1979 Charles Mingus jazz bassist, dies of heart attack
1985 Brian Gwynne Horrocks English Lieutenant-General (A Full Life), dies at 89
1986 Christopher Isherwood British writer (Lions & Shadows), dies at 81
1986 Phil Lynott rocker (Thin Lizzy), dies of overdose at 34
1987 Peggy Bacon author/illustrator (Off With Their Heads), dies at 91
1987 F van Heek Dutch sociologist, dies at 79
1987 Jack Martin cricketer (English pace bowler, 1-111 & 0-18 in Test), dies
1990 Alberto Lleras Camargo President of Colombia (1945-46, 58-62), dies
1990 Robert F Adams US, sci-fi author (Castaways in Time), dies at 57
1991 Berry Kroeger actor (Demon Seed), dies of kidney failure at 78
1991 Harry Krimer actor (Napoleon), committed suicide at 94
1991 Leo N Wright US saxophonist (I Left My Heart in San Francisco), dies at 57
1992 Earl Colbert entertainer, dies
1992 William Walker stuntman/actor (Our Man Flint), dies at 74
1993 Daniel H Craven South African rugby coach, dies
1993 Joe Keenan actor (Conviction of Kitty Dodd), dies of cancer at 69
1994 Jim Booth New Zealand producer (Heavenly Creatures), dies at 48
1994 Michiel P "Michael" Gorsira Governor of Curaçao (1951-67), dies at 80
1995 D Elmina Davies filmmaker, dies at 36
1995 Dorothy Granger US actress (Hog Wild, Dentist), dies at about 80
1995 Eduardo Mata Mexican conductor, dies in air crash at 52
1995 Jonathan Zeitlyn artist, dies at 43
1995 Leonard Hirsch British violinist/conductor (BBC Empire Orchestra), dies at 92
1995 Robert Clifford Latham Pepys Scholar, dies at 82
1996 Ramon Vinay operatic tenor/baritone, dies at 83
1996 Roy McKelvie soldier/sports writer, dies at 83
1997 Harry B Helmsley owner (Empire State Building), dies at 87
1998 John Gary singer, dies at 65

Golden Link 1/ On this day 4th January

Golden Link 2/ On this day 4th January

Golden Link 3/ On this day 4th January