3rd January, on this day

0236 St Anterus ends his reign as Catholic Pope
0936 Duke Alberik II of Spoleto appoints his son Pope Leo VII
1407 Bloody battles between Hoeksen and Kabeljauwen in Dordrecht
1431 Joan of Arc handed over to the bishop
1521 Martin Luther excommunicated by Roman Catholic Church
1667 Russia and Poland sign Truce of Androsovo
1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army leaves Glasgow
1752 East Indies invasion "Geldermalsen" leaves at Malakka 92 killed
1777 Washington defeats British at Battle of Princeton, New Jersey
1780 Danish national anthem "Kong Kristian", 1st sung
1825 Scottish factory owner Robert Owen buys 30,000 acres in Indiana as site for New Harmony utopian community
1831 1st US building and loan association organized, Frankford PA
1833 Britain seizes control of Falkland Islands in South Atlantic
1840 1st deep sea sounding
1847 California town of Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
1861 Delaware legislature rejects proposal to join Confederacy
1861 US Fort Pulaski and Fort Jackson, Savannah, seized by Georgia
1862 Battle of Cockpit Point
1862 Romney Campaign - Stonewall Jackson moves north from Winchester
1865 Con Orem and Hugh O'Neill box 193 rounds before darkness ends match
1868 Meiji Restoration returns authority to Japan's emperors
1870 Brooklyn Bridge construction begins; completed May 24, 1883
1871 Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton NY
1872 1st patent list issued by US Patent Office
1888 1st wax drinking straw patented, by Marvin C Stone in Washington DC
1896 Emperor Wilhelm congratulates President Kruger on the Jameson Raid
1910 British miners strike for 8 hour working day
1911 Police, with the army in attendance, storm a house in London's East End were it is thought a gang of wanted anarchists are hiding. Newspapers dub the incident 'The Siege of Sidney Street'
1912 Southern Pacific RR offers to bring Liberty Bell to Exposition, free
1921 Turkey makes peace with Armenia
1924 English explorer Howard Carter finds the sarcophagus of King Tutankhamen in Egypt's Valley of the Kings. For more, see our in-depth feature on Ancient Egypt
1925 Mussolini dissolves Italian parliament/becomes dictator
1926 Greek General Theodorus Pángulos names himself dictator
1929 27 year old William S Paley becomes CBS president
1938 March of Dimes established to fight polio
1941 Canada and US acquire air bases in Newfoundland (99 year lease)
1941 Italian counter offensive in Albania
1941 Sergei Rachmaninov's "Symphonic Dances" premieres in Philadelphia
1942 American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command forms
1943 1st missing persons telecast (New York City, NY)
1943 Canadian Army troops arrive in North Africa
1945 Cato-Meridian School, NY, installs germicidal lamps in every room
1945 Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab
1945 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill visits France
1945 Greek General Plastiras forms government
1945 US aircraft carriers attack Okinawa
1946 Nazi Propagandist William Joyce, the notorious radio broadcaster known as 'Lord Haw-Haw', is hanged for treason
1947 1st opening session of Congress to be televised
1952 "Dragnet" with Jack Webb premieres on NBC TV
1957 1st electric watch introduced, Lancaster, PA
1958 Edmund Hillary reaches South Pole overland
1958 The West Indies Federation is formed
1959 Alaska admitted as 49th US state
1961 President Eisenhower closes the American embassy in Havana and severs diplomatic relations with Cuba
1961 Aero Flight 311 crashes 25 fatalities
1962 Ground is broken for the Houston Astrodome
1962 Pope John XXIII excommunicates Fidel Castro
1964 Jack Paar Show, shows a clip of the Beatles singing "She Loves You"
1967 Carl Wilson of the Beach Boys is indicted for draft evasion
1969 John Lennon's "2 Virgins" album declared pornographic in New Jersey
1970 Marxist government takes over in Congo
1974 Burma accepts its constitution
1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1977 Roy Jenkins MP announces that he is to leave the House of Commons to become President of the European Commission
1977 Apple Computer incorporated
1984 Syria frees captured US pilot after appeal from Jesse Jackson
1985 Israel government confirms resettlement of 10,000 Ethiopian Jews
1987 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducts 1st female artist Aretha Franklin
1988 Israel orders 9 Palestinian "instigators" deported from W Beirut
1988 Margaret Thatcher becomes longest-serving British PM this century
1989 Russian newspaper Izvestia gets its 1st commercial advertisement
1990 Former leader of Panama Manuel Noriega surrenders to U.S. forces. He is subsequently tried and convicted in America for drug and money laundering offences
1991 Israel reopens consulate in USSR after 23 years
1991 Following threats of attacks on Western targets, the British Government expel eight Iraqi embassy officials from the country
1992 32 Cubans defect to the US via helicopter
1993 Russia and the U.S.A. sign the second START agreement in Moscow. The Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty is a further indication that the Cold War is over
1993 Junk bond king Michael Milkin is released from jail after 22 months
1994 100s killed in Venezuela in prison revolt
1994 Tupolev-154M crashes at Irkutsk, Siberia 122 killed
1999 The Mars Polar Lander launches from Cape Canaveral, U.S.A
2000 Having first appeared in 1950, the last daily Peanuts comic strip is published as Charles Schulz retires. The comic strip followed the exploits of Charlie Brown and friends and his dog Snoopy
2004 Flight 604, a Boeing 737 owned by Flash Airlines, an Egyptian airliner, plunges into the Red Sea, killing all 148 people on board.
2007 National Express has its worst ever coach crash just outside Heathrow Airport

3rd January 2006

German rescuers halt rink search

Talks due over Russian gas crisis

Hopes fade for trapped US miners

3rd January 2007

Kenyans close border with Somalia

Indonesia ferry survivors found

Boy sails into the record books

3rd January 2008

Kenya official calls for vote probe

Four dead in Turkish car blast

Bhutto supporters 'facing arrest'

3rd January 2009

Israeli troops enter Gaza Strip

Opposition leader wins Ghana poll

Mars rovers roll on to five years

3rd January 2010

Bloody fighting grips Somali town

US shuts embassy as al-Qaeda 'plans attack in Yemen'

Iranian police die in drugs shoot-out

Birthdates which occurred on 3rd January :

0106 -BC-Marcus Tullius Cicero Rome, statesman/author (Academica)
1624 William Tucker 1st Black child born in America
1680 Johann Baptist Zimmermann German stucco worker
1730 Charles Palissot de Montenoy French writer/politician
1757 Johann Abraham Sixt composer
1763 Joseph Fesch French cardinal/war commission/earl/senator
1777 Louis Poinsot French instrument worker
1777 M A Elisa Bonaparte Corsican monarch of Lucca/Piombino
1786 Johann Christian Friedrich Schneider composer
1789 Carl G Carus German physician/psychologist/philosopher
1793 Lucretia Coffin Mott US, teacher/minister/abolitionist/feminist
1802 Feliks Ostrowski composer
1803 Douglas William Jerrold London, author/playwright/wit (Punch Magazine)
1810 Eliza Von Bretton di Zerega Danish West Indies, baroness
1810 Antoine T d'Abbadie French explorer (Ethiopia)
1819 Thomas Hill Watts Attorney General (Confederacy), died in 1892
1823 Jaak-Nikolaas Lemmens Flemish composer
1829 John G R Acquoy theologist/church historian
1829 Konrad Duden German linguist (Der grosse Duden)
1830 Alexander Ewing composer
1835 Larkin Goldsmith Mead sculptor
1840 Father Joseph Damien de Veuster Belgium, helped lepers in Hawaii
1853 Iwan Knorr composer
1868 Franz V M Cumont Belgian religious historian
1869 Paul Charles Rene Landormy composer
1870 Henry Handel Richardson Australia, novelist (Richard Mahoney)
1870 Henry Eichheim composer
1876 Wilhelm Pieck co-founder German Communist Party/President (1949-60)
1879 Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge 1st lady (1923-29)
1882 Willem Benoy Flemish actor/director (Pygmalion)
1883 Clement Richard Attlee (L) British PM (1945-51)
1884 Eli S Jones US, evangelist (Christ of Indian road)
1884 Raoul Armand Georg Koczalski composer
1886 Arthur Mailey cricketer (great Aussie leg-spinner & cartoonist)
1886 John G Fletcher US, poet (Epic of Arkansas)
1886 Josephine Hull Newtonville MA, Academy award character actress (Harvey)
1887 Helen Parkhurst US educator (Education on the Dalton plan)
1891 Osip E Mandelstam Polish/Russian poet/author (Kamenj)
1892 John Ronald Reuel Tolkien South Africa, philologist/writer (Lord of Rings)
1893 Pierre Drieu La Rochelle French novelist/essayist (Gilles)
1895 Boris Mykolayovich Lyatoshyns'ky composer
1895 Mihail Andricu composer
1897 Marion Davies [Marion Cecelia Douras], Brooklyn NY, actress (Operator 13)
1897 Pola Negri [Barbara A Chalupec], Polish/US actress (Madame Bovary)
1898 Johannes Hin Holland, yachtsman (Olympics-gold-1920)
1898 ZaSu Pitts Parsons Kansas, actress (Life With Father, Dames)
19-- Tom Bower Denver CO, actor (Dr Willard-The Waltons)
1900 Dorothy Arnzer director
1900 Maurice Jaubert composer
1901 Eric Voegelin Germany, US philosopher (Order & History)
1901 Ngo Dinh Diem President/Dictator of South Vietnam (1955-63)
1902 Henry Lennox d'Aubigny Hopkinson diplomat/politician
1903 Charles Foulkes Canada, General
1904 Boris Kochno Russian ballet dancer (La Chatte)
1905 Ray Milland Neath Wales, actor (Lost Weekend-Academy Award 1945)
1905 Dante Giacosa engineer/designer
1906 Roman Brandstaetter writer
1907 Anna May Wong Los Angeles CA, actress (Impact, Study in Scarlet)
1909 Victor Borge [Borge Rosenbaum], Copenhagen Denmark, pianist/comedian
1910 Thomas Stuart Willan historian
1911 John Sturges US, director (Old Man & Sea, Magnificent 7)
1912 Robert Flemyng Liverpool England, actor (Windom's Way, Young Winston)
1914 Jean Louvel Flemish pianist/conductor/composer
1916 Betty Furness New York City NY, actress/consumer activist (Studio 1)
1916 Antonio Estevez composer
1917 Vernon Walters New York City NY, US permanent representative to the UN
1918 Maxene Andrews Minnesota, singer (Andrew Sisters-Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy)
1921 John Russell Los Angeles CA, actor (Pale Rider, Rio Bravo)
1922 Bill Travers Newcastle-on-Tyne England, actor (Born Free, Gorgo)
1922 Jacques Wildberger Swiss composer (In My End is My Beginning)
1922 Morten Nielsen Denmark, poet/resistance fighter
1923 Dragutin Gostuski composer
1923 Jaroslav Hasek Czech writer (Good Soldier Schweyk)
1924 Andre Franquin cartoonist
1924 Henry M Fazzie South African Union/UDF-leader
1924 Roy Harding British teacher
1926 George Martin record producer (The Beatles)
1926 Danny Overbea blues singer/guitarist
1928 Frank Ross Anderson Canada, International Chess Master (1954)
1929 Marilyn Lloyd (Representative-D-TN, 1975- )
1929 Sergio Leone Italian, director (Fist Full of Dollars)
1930 Eddie Egan Bronx New York City, actor (Joe Forrester)
1930 Robert Loggia Staten Island, actor (Officer & a Gentleman, THE Cat)
1932 Anatoli Petrovich Kuklin Russia, cosmonaut
1932 Jaswick Taylor cricketer (West Indies pace bowler 50s, 10 wickets in 3 Tests)
1932 Mara Corday Santa Monica CA, actress (Foxfire, Black Scorpion)
1934 Carla Hills politician (US Presidential Commission on Housing-1982)
1934 Bryan George Kelly composer
1936 Betty Rollin actress (Crossing Delancey)/author (Last Wish)
1936 David Vine British sport commentator
1936 Jos Kunst composer
1939 Bobby Hull NHL forward (Chicago Blackhawk 1957-72)
1940 Thelma Schoonmaker actress/editor (Casino, Cape Fear, Good Fellas)
1941 Van Dyke Parks Alabama, actor/musician (Bonino, Billy Crystal Hour)
1941 Shima Iwashita actress (Red Lion, Hara-Kiri, Double Suicide)
1944 Christina von Saltza US, swimmer (Olympics-3 gold/silver-1960)
1945 Victoria Principal Fukuoka Japan, actress (Earthquake, Pamela-Dallas)
1945 Stephen Stills Dallas TX, singer/songwriter/guitarist (Crosby Stills & Nash)
1946 John Paul Jones rocker (Led Zeppelin-Stairway to Heaven)
1947 Sergey Filipovich Protchenko Russian cosmonaut
1948 Larry McNeeley Lafayette IN, banjo player (Glen Campbell Hour)
1948 Manfred Kokot East German runner (world record 50 meter indoor)
1950 Beth Anderson composer
1951 Frank Chikane Secretary-General of South African Council of Churches
1953 Angelo Parisi France, heavyweight judo (Olympics-gold-1980)
1954 Ross The Boss rocker
1955 Cynthia Sykes Coffeyville KY, actress (Flamingo Road, St Elsewhere)
1956 Mel Gibson Peekskill NY, actor (Mad Max, Mrs Soffel, Lethal Weapon)
1957 Frank Dicopoulos Akron OH, actor (Frank Cooper-Guiding Light)
1959 Rusty Golden rocker (Boys Band)
1960 Joan Chen [Chen Chung], Shanghai China, actress (Last Emperor)
1961 Erwin Blom Dutch singer/guitarist (Eton Crop)
1962 Darren Daulton US baseball catcher (Philadelphia Phillies)
1962 Gavin Hastings WLAF kicker (Scottish Claymores)
1962 Mark Gardner US baseball player (Florida Marlins)
1962 Ulrike Lang writer
1963 Aamer Malik cricketer (Pakistani batsman in 13 Tests 1987-90)
1963 Ashley Chinner Cape Town South Africa, golfer (1992 CGIA Canadian Tour)
1963 Jim Everett NFL quarterback (Los Angeles Raiders, New Orleans Saints, San Diego Chargers)
1964 Cheryl Miller Riverside CA, basketball player (Olympics-gold-1984)
1965 Daniel Stubbs NFL defensive end (Philadelphia Eagles, Miami Dolphins)
1965 Mark Dewey Grand Rapids MI, pitcher (San Francisco Giants)
1966 Chetan Sharma cricketer (Indian Test bowler, World Cup hat-trick 1987)
1966 John Kropke CFL defensive tackle (Saskatchewan Roughriders)
1966 Luis Sojo Barquisimeto Venezuela, infielder (Seattle Mariners)
1966 Wendell Davis NFL wide receiver (Indianapolis Colts)
1967 Helena Bonham Carter London England, actress (Getting it Right)
1967 Joseph Amor San Jose, video game record holder (Space Invaders)
1967 Demetri Davis WLAF tight end (Barcelona Dragons)
1967 Magnus Gustafsson Sweden, tennis star
1968 Kent Carlsson Sweden, tennis star
1968 Kerry Huffman Peterborough, NHL defenseman (Philadelphia Flyers, Ottawa)
1968 Shannon Sturges actress (Savannah)
1968 Thomas Rayam CFL offensive linebacker (Edmonton Eskimos)
1969 Matt LaBounty defensive end (Seattle Seahawks)
1969 Nikki Nelson Topaz Lake NV, country singer (Highway 101-Cry Cry Cry)
1969 Steve Poapst Cornwall, NHL defenseman (Washington Capitals)
1970 James Brown NFL tackle (New York Jets)
1970 Tony Farmer NBA forward (Charlotte Hornets)
1970 Trudi Jeffrey Brisbane Queensland Australia, golfer (1990 Australian Jr Champion)
1970 Yogi Johl Vancouver BC, 130 kg Greco Roman wrestler (Olympics-96)
1971 Cory Cross Lloydminster, NHL defenseman (Tampa Bay Lightning)
1971 Ku'ualoha Taylor Hawaii, Miss Hawaii-USA (Miss Congeniality-1996)
1971 Rene van Rijswijk Dutch soccer player (RKC)
1972 Charles Johnson NFL wide receiver (Pittsburgh Steelers)
1972 Deborah Carter WNBA forward (Utah Starzz)
1972 Jacques Wildberger composer
1973 Paula Knoll Moorhead MN, Miss Minnesota-America (1995)
1973 Tyrone Brown NFL wide receiver (Atlanta Falcons)
1974 Stefan Ustorf Kaufbeuren Germany, NHL right wing (Washington Capitals)
1974 Todd Warriner Blenheim, NHL left wing (Toronto Maple Leafs)
1975 Danica McKellar actress (Winnie Cooper-Wonder Years)
1975 Jason Marsden actor (General Hospital, Eddie-Munsters Today)
1976 Mendel Witzenhauser soccer player (Ajax, VVV)
1977 Beata Handra San Francisco CA, dance skater (& Sinek-1997 Pacific Coast Senior 3rd)
1980 Angela Ruggiero ice hockey defenseman (USA, Olympics-98)


Deaths which occurred on January 3rd:
1322 Philip V the Tall, King of France (1316-22), dies
1501 Ali Sjir Neva'i [Fani] Turkish poet/author, dies at 59
1543 Juan Cabrillo conqueror of Central America, discoverer of California, dies
1552 Henry II of Bavaria bishop of Utrecht (1524-29), dies at 64
1560 Peder Palladus Danish church reformer (Visitasbog), dies at about 56
1570 Bartholomeus Latomus [Steinmetz], Flemish archbishop of Trier, dies
1571 Joachim II Hector elector (Brandenburg), dies at 65
1628 Francesco Maria Guaitoli composer, dies at 64
1641 Jeremiah Horrocks English astronomical prodigy, dies at 22
1661 Maria Henriëtte Stuart (of Orange) English Princess Royal/eldest daughter of the English king Charles I/mother of English king William III, dies of smallpox at 29
1670 George Monck English General (-to the-sea), dies at 61
1759 Marquis & Marquess of Tavora Portuguese nobles, executed
1761 Willem de Fesch Dutch violinist/composer (Joseph), dies at 73
1795 Josiah Wedgwood British, ceramic craftsman/woodworker, dies at 64
1829 Robert Archibald Smith composer, dies at 48
1835 Willem F Röell Dutch baron/minister of Internal Affairs, dies at 67
1836 Friedrich Witt composer, dies at 65
1841 Wilhelmus Kist writer/director of Dutch (Official) Gazette, dies at 82
1853 Theodor Uhlig composer, dies at 30
1858 Rachel [Elisabeth Rachel-Félix], French singer/actress (Muse), dies at 36
1865 Jozef Lies Flemish painter, dies at 43
1868 Moritz Hauptmann composer, dies at 75
1870 Constantine D Uschinsky Russian educationalist, dies at 46
1873 John Lodge Ellerton composer, dies at 71
1875 George Bizet composer, dies
1875 Baldassare Galuppi Italian composer (opera's buff), dies at 68
1882 William H Ainsworth English writer (Guy Fawkes), dies at 76
1898 James Wimshurst British designer/inventor (vacuum pump), dies at 70
1900 Edwin George Monk composer, dies at 80
1907 Josef Foerster composer, dies at 73
1912 Felix Dahn writer, dies at 77
1914 Stephane Raoul Pugno composer, dies at 62
1915 James E Flecker British diplomat/novelist (Hassan), dies at 30
1923 Jaroslav Hasek Czech writer (Good Soldier Schweyk), dies at 39
1931 Joseph J C Joffre French marshal, dies at 78
1933 Wilhelm Cuno German Reich's chancellor (1922-23), dies at 56
1938 Arthur Boon Flemish priest/philologist, dies at 54
1942 Pauline Beersmans [PLJM van Cuyck], Flemish actress, dies at 70
1945 Fyodor Akimenko composer, dies at 68
1946 William Joyce (Lord Haw Haw), hanged in Britain for treason
1951 Fred Barlow composer, dies at 69
1956 Alexander Tikhonovich Gretshaninov Russian/US composer, dies at 91
1960 Victor Seastrom entertainer, dies at 80
1963 Oscar Backing Austria/Netherlands viola player, dies at 83
1965 Betty Harte entertainer, dies at 82
1965 Julius Tannen comedian, dies at 84
1966 Rex Lease actor (Perils of Pauline, Dakota, California), dies at 62
1967 Jack Ruby assassin who killed assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, dies at 55
1967 Mary Garden opera star, dies at 92
1969 Howard McNear actor (Irma La Douce), dies after long illness at 63
1972 Frans Masereel Flemish WWII resistance fighter (Le Soleil), dies at 82
1974 Gino Cervi actor (Becket, Don Camillo), dies at 72
1975 Milton J Cross TV announcer (Met Opera Auditions), dies at 87
1975 Robert Neumann Austrian/British author (False Flag), dies at 77
1975 Walter Linck Swiss sculptor, dies at 71
1976 Mal Evans Beatles' roadie, dies
1976 Mateusz Glinski composer, dies at 83
1976 Michael V Love US test pilot (X-24), dies in F-4 crash at 37
1977 Avraham Ofer Israeli minister of housing, commits suicide
1977 Benno Stokvis Dutch attorney/politician, dies at 75
1979 Conrad Hilton US founder (Hilton Hotels), dies at 91
1980 Amos Milburn rocker, dies at 52
1980 Axel Springer Jr German photographer, commits suicide at 38
1980 Ivan Triesault actor (Von Ryan's Express, Desert Fox), dies at 81
1980 Joy Adamson author (Born Free), killed by her servant at 69
1982 Derek Sealy cricketer (West Indies 1930-39), dies
1985 Lucien Cailliet composer, dies at 93
1986 Jens Bjerre composer, dies at 82
1988 Gaston Eyskens PM of Belgium (1949, 1958-61, 1968-72), dies at 82
1988 Rose Ausländer writer, dies at 70
1988 William Cagney actor (Torrid Zone), dies of a heart attack at 82
1990 Ken Hill actor (Cobra, Protocol), dies
1992 Dame Judith Anderson actress (Star Trek 3, Laura, Rebecca), dies of pneumonia at 93
1992 Anthony Del Casino band leader (Charlie Barnet Band), dies at 79
1992 Ken Grieves cricketer (New South Wales & Lancashire leg-spin all-rounder), dies
1992 Lewis Michael Friedman pianist, dies at 47 of AIDS
1992 Radomiro Tomic Chilean President (1970), dies
1993 Peter Brocco blacklisted in the 1950's, dies of heart attack at 89
1994 Roel Bazen Dutch sound technician (Van Kooten & The Bie), dies at 48
1995 Al Duncan drummer, dies at 68
1995 Byron MacGregor newscaster, dies at 56
1995 Gerard W Taylor South African/British surgeon, dies at 74
1995 Robert Nesbitt impresario, dies at 88
1995 Vladislav Listiev Russian talk show host/producer, assasinated
1996 Geoffrey Pardoe engineer, dies at 67
1996 Terence Tenison Cuneo artist, dies at 88
1997 Burton Lane composer, dies at 84

Golden Link 1/ On this day 3rd January

Golden Link 2/ On this day 3rd January

Golden Link 3/ On this day 3rd January