2nd January, on this day

0069 Roman Lower Rhine army proclaims its commander, Vitellius, emperor
366 Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire.
0533 John II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1235 Emperor Joseph II orders Jews of Galicia, Austria to adopt family names
1492 Spain recaptures Granada from the Moors
1570 Tsar Ivan the Terrible march to Novgorod begins
1585 Spain and Catholic France sign Saint League of Joinville
1602 Spanish forces in Ireland surrender to the English at Kinsdale
1757 British General Robert Clive, known to history as 'Clive of India', captures Calcutta after its seizure by the Nawab of Bengal. The latter imprisoned 146 British prisoners in the notorious 'Black Hole'. Only 23 survived
1776 1st revolutionary US flag displayed
1776 Austria ends interrogation torture
1788 Named after King George II, Georgia becomes the fourth state of the U.S.A
1800 Free black community of Philadelphia PA petitions Congress to abolish slavery
1811 US Senator Thomas Pickering is 1st senator censured (revealed confidential documents communicated by the President of the US)
1814 Lord Byron completes "The Corsair"
1818 Lord Byron completes "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage" (4th canto)
1831 Liberator, abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing in Boston
1839 1st photo of the Moon (French photographer Louis Daguerre)
1842 1st US wire suspension bridge for general traffic opens in Pennsylvania
1861 Colonel Charles Stone is put in charge of organizing DC militia
1861 SC seizes inactive Fort Johnson in Charleston Harbor
1863 Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) ends
1871 King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25
1879 British battleship Thunder explodes in Gulf of Ismid, 9 die
1882 Because of anti-monopoly laws, Standard Oil is organized as a trust
1885 General Wolseley receives last distress signal of General Gordon in Khartoum
1890 Alice Sanger becomes 1st female White House staffer
1893 1st US commemoratives and 1st US stamp to picture a woman issued
1896 Battle at Doornkop, South Africa (Boers beat Dr Jamesons troops)
1900 E Verlinger begins manufacturing 7 inch single-sided records (Montrandeacute;al)
1903 President T Roosevelt shuts down post office in Indianola MI, for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress because she was black
1905 Elara, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Perrine
1905 The Russian commander of Port Arthur, China, surrenders to the Japanese. This is the first in a series of defeats for Russia which would contribute to the 1905 revolution
1908 Canadian branch of the Royal Mint opens in Ottawa
1913 National Woman's Party forms
1914 Philips installs research department in Eindhoven
1917 Royal Bank of Canada takes over Québec Bank
1919 Anti-British uprising in Ireland
1919 Lithuania gains independence
1920 10,000 US union and socialist organizers arrested (Palmer Raids)
1921 DeYoung Museum in Golden Gate Park opens
1921 1st religious service radio broadcast in US, KDKA-Pittsburgh
1923 Ku Klux Klan surprise attack on black residential area Rosewood FL, 8 killed (compensation awarded in 1995)
1925 Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region established (now in Tadzhik SSR)
1929 US and Canada agree to preserve Niagara Falls
1932 Young gang shoot dead 6 police in Springfield, Missouri
1933 US troops leave Nicaragua
1934 1st state liquor stores open, in Pennsylvania
1935 Bruno R Hauptmann trial begins for kidnap-murder of Lindbergh baby
1936 1st electron tube to enable night vision described, St Louis MO
1942 28 nations, at war with Axis, pledge no separate peace
1942 German troops in Bardia surrender
1942 Manila, the capital of the Philippines, is captured by the Japanese
1944 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
1945 Allied air raid on Neurenberg
1947 Mahatma Gandhi begins march for peace in East-Bengali
1954 Herman Wouks ' "Caine Mutiny" premieres in New York City NY
1955 Assassination of Jose Antonio Remon, President of Panama
1955 José Ramon Guizado becomes President of Panamá
1956 Poujadists/communists win French parliamentary elections
1958 In Rome, celebrated Soprano Maria Callas walks off stage after only the first act of a gala performance of Bellin’s Norma. As was characteristic of the flamboyant star she claimed to be suffering from an illness
1958 Dmitri Shostakovich's 2nd Piano concert, premieres in NY
1959 USSR launches Mechta (Luna 1) for 1st lunar fly-by, 1st solar orbit
1960 Senator John F Kennedy, announces his candidacy for President
1960 1st redshank old world shore bird reported in North America (Halifax)
1960 John Reynolds sets age of solar system at 4,950,000,000 years
1964 Ayub Khan elected President of Pakistan
1964 Failed assassination attempt on President Nkrumah of Ghana
1965 Martin Luther King Jr begins a drive to register black voters
1965 Obverse design of all Canadian coins is changed to depict the Queen with a slightly more mature look
1966 1st Jewish child born in Spain since 1492 expulsion
1968 In Britain, Australian media mogul Rupert Murdoch takes control of the News of the World newspaper group
1968 Christiaan Barnard performs 2nd heart transplant
1970 US population is 205,052,174; Black population 22,600,000 (11.1%)
1971 Football disaster at Ibrox Stadium in Glasgow, Scotland. 66 football fans are crushed to death on the exit steps of the ground towards the end of a match between Glasgow Rangers and Glasgow Celtic
1972 Mariner 9 begins mapping Mars
1974 55 MPH speed limit imposed by Richard Nixon
1974 Worst fire in Argentine history destroys 1.2 million acres
1975 US Department of Interior designates grizzly bear a threatened species
1978 Bülent Ecevit forms government in Turkey
1979 Sid Vicious (real name Simon John Ritchie-Beverly), the lead singer of the punk-rock band The Sex Pistols, goes on trial in New York for the murder of his girlfriend Nancy Spungen. Having been released on bail, Vicious dies from a drugs overdose
1979 in response to Soviet military intervention into Afghanistan in December 1979, U.S. President Jimmy Carter requests that the Senate postpone action on the SALT-II nuclear weapons treaty and recalls the U.S. ambassador to the Soviet Union
1980 British steel workers call a national strike for the first time in more than fifty years in an attempt to increase their pay
1984 Riot in Tunis kills over 100
1985 Egyptian President Mubarak re-appoints Coptic pope Shenuda III
1987 Troops of Chad President Habré conquer Fada oasis
1988 Ashland Oil storage tank spills 3.8 million gallons, Pennsylvania
1988 Mulroney and Reagan sign Canada-US free trade agreement
1993 Warring factions discuss peace for Bosnia in Geneva. It is the first time that the head of the Muslims, Serbs, Bosnians and Croats have met face to face since the outbreak of the war in Yugoslavia
1994 Battles between army and rebellious Indians in South Mexico, kill 57
1995 Bus crashes in Luzon, Philippines, 29 killed
1995 Most distant galaxy yet discovered found by scientists using Keck telescope in Hawaii (estimated 15 billion light years away)
1998 Autopsy of Chris Farley shows he overdosed of opiates andamp; cocaine
1998 Russia begins to circulate new rubles to stem inflation and promote confidence.
1999 A brutal snowstorm smashes into the Midwestern United States, causing 14 inches (359 mm) of snow at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and 19 inches (487 mm) at Chicago, where temperatures plunge to -13°F (-25°C); 68 deaths are reported.
2001 Sila Calderón becomes the first female Governor of Puerto Rico.
2002 Eduardo Duhalde is appointed interim President of Argentina by the Legislative Assembly.
2004 Stardust successfully flies past Comet Wild 2, collecting samples that it will return to Earth two years later.

2nd January 2006

Russia vows to end gas shortage

Bush defends US spying programme

German rink collapse kills three

2nd January 2007

Iraq investigates Saddam footage

Aborigines in big land claim win

Tributes paid at Ford's funeral

2nd January 2008

Kenya diplomatic push for peace

Oil is traded at $100 per barrel

Gold surges to new record highs

2nd January 2009

Suicide bomb kills many in Iraq

Gaza facing 'emergency'

Sri Lankan troops seize rebel HQ

2nd January 2010

Al-Qaeda blamed for jet 'bomb'

Irish atheists challenge new law

Somali charged for attack on Danish cartoonist

Birthdates which occurred on 2nd January :

1642 Mehmed IV sultan (Turkey)
1647 Nathaniel Bacon leader of Bacon's Rebellion, Virginia (1676)
1699 Osman III sultan (Turkey)
1713 Mademoiselle Dumesnil Paris, tragic actress (Racine's Phadre, Hermione)
1727 James Wolfe commanded British Army (captured Quandeacute;bec)
1728 Louis Barbiano de Belgioioso Austrian count/diplomat in Belgium
1732 Franz Xaver Brixi composer
1752 Philip Freneau poet of American Revolution (The American Village)
1777 Christian D Rauch German sculptor
1803 Gugliemo Libri [della Somaia], Italian/French mathematician/book collector
1807 Tomasz Napoleon Nidecki composer
1809 Friedrich Wilhelm Jahns composer
1822 Rudolph J E Clausius Germany, physicist (thermodynamics)
1830 Henry Kingsley English/Australian writer
1831 Justin Winston historian/librarian (Harvard)
1835 Charles Russell Lowell Jr Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
1837 Mily Alexeyevich Balakirev Nizhny-Novgorod, Russia, composer (Tamara)
1842 Amy G C A Bonet-Maury French reformed theologist
1846 Sandor Erkel composer
1857 Frederick Opper cartoonist (Willie and His Papa, Maud the Mule, Alphonse andamp; Gaston)
1857 Martha Carey Thomas educator/president (Bryn Mawr College)
1860 William C Mills museum curator (excavated Ohio Indian mounds)
1861 Helen Herron Taft 1st lady (1909-13)
1861 Wilhelm Bandouml;lsche writer
1863 Lucia Zarate became lightest known adult human (2.1 kg at 17)
1870 Ernst Barlach writer
1873 Anton Pannekoek Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist (Communist Tactics)
1879 Johannes L "Jan" Walch Dutch literary (Grimaces)
1879 Pieter Tesch Dutch geologist (Pedestal of Nederlands)
1880 Louis Breguet French aviation pioneer
1884 Jacques Chardonne [Boutelleau], French writer (l'Epithalame)
1885 Johannes Ringers Dutch water engineer (dikes)
1886 Moyshe Leyb Halpern Galican/US poet (In New-York)
1889 Tito Schipa Italy, tenor/composer (La Rondine)
1889 Walter Baldwin Ohio, actor (Gay Amigo)
1892 Lura Anson Nebraska, entertainer
1894 Robert Nathan New York City NY, poet, novelist (Portrait of Jennie)
1895 Count Folke Bernadotte Sweden, statesman (Red Cross, UN)
1896 Dziga Vertiv [Denis A Kaufman], Russian director (Sjagai, Soviet!)
1896 Ernst-Lothar von Knorr composer
1899 Alexander Tcherepnin St Petersburg Russia, composer
1899 Paul-Henri Spaak Belgium, Premier/Secretary-General of NATO (1957-61)
19-- John Bedford-Lloyd New Haven CT, actor (Peter-Hometown)
19-- Ron Hale actor (Michael Corbin-General Hospital, Dr Roger Coleridge-Ryan's Hope)
1901 Robert Marshall founder (Wilderness Society)
1901 Rex O'Malley London England, actor (Camille, Zara, Midnight)
1901 Torsten Ralf Swedish tenor (Daphne)
1903 Anton van Duinkerken [Willem JMA Asselbergs], literary
1904 James Melton Moultrie GA, opera tenor (Ford Festival)
1904 Sally Rand Hickory County MO, stripper (fan dance)
1905 Michael Kemp Tippett English composer/conductor (Child of our Time)
1907 Edward Albert Radice economist
1907 Salvador Ley composer
1908 Ben Grauer New York City NY, newscaster (Big Story)
1908 Janis Kepitis composer
1909 Rene Etiemble French literature historian (Parlez-vous Franglais)
1910 Ulrich Becher writer
1912 Anna Lee Ightham England, actress (Scruples, Lila-General Hospital)
1912 Barbara Pentland Winnipeg Canada, composer
1912 Renato Guttuso Italian painter (The Flight from Etna, Crucifixion)
1912 Andre Ameller composer
1913 Gardner Read Evanston, Illinois, composer
1913 Ernest Sidey British air marshal
1913 Juanita E Jackson Mitchell US head (NAACP)
1913 Léon P Teisserenc de Bort France, meteorologist
1915 John Hope Franklin historian
1920 Isaac Asimov Russia, scientist/writer (I Robot, Foundation Trilogy)
1920 Duke of Devonshire English large landowner/art collector
1920 Penelope Jessel politcal activist
1920 Peter Harrison Swan bomber pilot/stockbroker
1922 Jason Evers New York City NY, actor (Wrangler, Channing)
1922 Nico Schuyt composer
1922 Renata Tebaldi Pesaro Italy, lyric soprano
1925 William J Crowe Jr Kentucky, chairman joint chiefs of staff
1925 Andry Maryanovich Nikodemovich composer
1927 Gino Marchetti NFL defensive end (Dallas Texans, Baltimore Colts)
1927 David Herbert publisher
1927 Richard Belmont Ray (Representative-D-GA)
1928 Dan Rostenkowski (Representative-D-IL, -94), House Ways andamp; Means Committee chair
1928 Vaughn Beals Cambridge MA, CEO (Harley Davidson motorcycle)
1928 Gerhard Amanshauser writer
1928 Harry Hyams English immovable goods owner (Center Point)
1928 Howard Caine Nashville TN, actor (Brushfire)
1928 Tiberiu Olah composer
1929 Art Prysock jazz musician
1930 Julius LaRosa Brooklyn NY, singer (fired by Arthur Godfrey on the air)
1931 Toshiki Kaifu premier of Japan (1989-91)
1932 Dabney Coleman Austin Texas, (That Girl, Mary Hartman, Buffalo Bill)
1936 Roger Miller Fort Worth TX, country singer (King of the Road, Dang Me)
1937 Marianne McDonald classicist/philanthropist
1938 John Considine actor (Reginald Love-Another World)
1939 Jim Bakker televangelist (PTL Club)/philanderer (Jessica Hahn)
1944 Peter Eotvos composer
1947 Aleksandr Tikhonova USSR, biathalon relay (Olympics-gold-1968, 72, 76, 80)
1947 Lanny Bassham US, rifle-3 position (Olympics-gold-1976)
1947 Calvin Hill NFL running back (Dallas Cowboys)
1949 Christopher Durang Montclair NJ, playwright/actor (Sister Mary)
1949 Chick Churchill Wales, keyboardist (Ten Years After-I'm Going Home)
1950 Lou Gramm rocker (Foreigner-Midnight Blue, Ready Or Not)
1951 Nadia Cassini [Gianna Lou Muller], Woodstock NY, model (Oui)
1952 Wendy Phillips Brooklyn NY, actress (Stacey-Executive Suite, Promised Land)
1952 Ricky Van Shelton Grit VA, country singer (Wild-Eyed Dream)
1954 Ludmila Borozna USSR, volleyball player (Olympics-gold-1972)
1957 Joanna Pacula Tomszowaubelski Poland, actress (Gorky Park, Kiss)
1959 Kirti Azad cricketer (Indian off-spin all-rounder in 7 Tests 1981-83)
1960 Raman Lamba cricketer (Indian opening batsman 1986-87)
1963 David Cone Kansas City MO, baseball pitcher (New York Mets/Toronto Blue Jays/New York Yankees)
1963 Edgar Martinez New York City, NY, baseball 1st baseman (Seattle Mariners)
1964 Christopher John Gray priest
1964 Pernell Whitaker boxer (Olympics-gold)
1964 Rumesh Ratnayake cricketer (Sri Lankan pacer in 23 Tests 1983-92)
1965 Diane Lane New York City, NY, actress (Streets of Fire, Lady Beware, Lonesome Dove)
1965 Greg Swindell Fort Worth TX, pitcher (Houston Astros, Cleveland Indians)
1965 Russ Courtnall Duncan, NHL right wing (Vancouver Canucks)
1966 Tia Carrere [Althea Janairo], Honolulu, actress (Wayne's World)
1967 Harlon Barnett NFL safety (Minnesota Vikings)
1968 Cuba Gooding Jr actor (Jerry McGuire, As Good As It Gets, Boyz N the Hood, A Few Good Men)
1968 Scott Mitchell NFL quarterback (Detroit Lions)
1969 Christy Turlington San Francisco CA, model (Calvin Klein Eternity)
1969 Rick Tabaracci Toronto, NHL goalie (Calgary Flames)
1969 Robert Svehla Martin Czechoslovakia, NHL defenseman (Florida Panthers, Slovakia)
1969 Stephen Davies Australian field hockey forward/vice captain (Olympics-silver-92, 96)
1970 Aleksandr Shimin hockey goaltender (Team Kazakhstan Olympics-1998)
1970 Anthony Stuart cricketer (Australian ODI pace bowler, hat trick 1997)
1970 Glenn Cadrez NFL linebacker (Denver Broncos-Super Bowl XXXII)
1970 Royce Clayton Burbank CA, infielder (San Francisco Giants, St Louis Cardinals)
1971 Aamer Nazir cricketer (Pakistani pace bowler 1993- )
1971 Aaron Williams NBA center (Seattle Supersonics)
1971 Brad Parpan WLAF quarterback (Rhein Fire)
1971 Horace Copeland NFL wide receiver (Tampa Bay Buccaneers)
1971 Robert O'Neal WLAF DB (Amsterdam Admirals)
1972 Jeff Jackson US baseball outfielder (Philadelphia Phillies)
1972 Lake Dawson NFL wide receiver (Kansas City Chiefs)
1972 Mattias Norstrom Mora Sweden, NHL defenseman (Team Sweden, Los Angeles Kings)
1973 Abu Wilson running back (Indianapolis Colts)
1973 Chris Woodruff Knoxville TN, tennis star (1993 NCAA Division I)
1973 Fredric Ford WLAF CB (Scotland Claymores)/NFL cornerback (Eagles)
1973 Sarah Schwald Bellingham Wash, 1.5k runner
1974 Juha Lind NHL forward (Team Finland Olympics-Bronze-1998, Dallas)
1978 Devin Doherty actor (Jimmy Clayton-Swan's Crossing)
1980 Stephanie Stiegler Santa Monica CA, pairs skater (and; Zimmerman)


Deaths which occurred on January 2nd:
0017 Publius Ovidius Naso Roman poet, dies
1726 Domenico Zipoli composer, dies at 37
1740 Johann Georg Weichenberger composer, dies at 63
1763 John Casteret Earl Granville English premier, dies at 72
1780 Johann Ludwig Krebs composer, dies at 66
1789 Franz Joseph Leonti Meyer von Schavensee composer, dies at 68
1790 Joseph A Feuchtmayer (Feichtmayer) German rococo sculptor, dies
1801 Johann C Lavater Swiss vicar/philosopher, dies at 59
1803 Ignaz Franz von Beecke composer, dies at 69
1861 Frederik Willem IV king Prussia (1840-61)/Germ (1849-61), dies at 65
1863 Roger Weightman Hanson Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 35
1892 George B Airy English astronomer/writer, dies at 90
1904 James Longstreet Confederate General, dies at 82
1908 Dom Joâo G da Câmara Portuguese journalist/playwright, dies at 55
1913 Léon P Teisserenc de Bort French meteorologist (stratosphere), dies at 57
1915 Karl Goldmark Austria-Hungarian composer (Queen of Saba), dies at 84
1917 Edward B Tylor English anthropologist, dies at 84
1918 Sijbe K Bakker vicar/theologist (Christian-Socialism), dies at 42
1921 Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg German chancellor/PM (Prussia); referred to the international treaty guaranteeing Belgian neutrality as "a scrap of paper", dies at 64
1923 Sam Carter black resident of Rosewood FL, lynched by KKK
1929 Erich Wichman[n] Dutch fascist painter/sculptor, dies at 38
1937 Ross Alexander actor (Capt Blood, Boulder Dam), dies at 29
1941 Mischa Levitzki composer, dies at 42
1945 Betram Home Ramsay English Admiral/Commander Naval Forces (Normandy), dies at 61
1946 Joe Darling cricketer (Aussie captain 21 Tests, won 7 lost 4), dies
1950 Emil Jannings actor (The Way of All Flesh), dies at 65
1955 José Antonio Remon President of Panamá (1952-55), assassinated
1960 Cees [Cornelis J] Laseur Dutch actor/director (Hague Comedy), dies at 60
1960 Chris van Abkoude author (Pietje Bell, Kruimeltje), dies at about 79
1960 Fausto Coppi Italian, ran world record 45,798 km, dies at 40
1960 Friedrich Adler Austria social-democrat, assasinated PM Standuuml;rgkh, dies in Zanduuml;rich at 80
1961 Bob Catterall cricketer (1555 runs/24 Tests for South Africa 1922-31), dies
1963 Jack Carson actor (Star is Born, Mildred Pierce), dies at 52
1963 Dick Powell actor/director (Dick Powell Theater), dies at 58
1965 Staf Gustaf Frans Nees composer, dies at 63
1968 Sanoesi Pane Indonesian writer, dies
1969 Georges Renevant actor (Cornered), dies after long illness at 74
1970 Piotr Rytel composer, dies at 85
1974 Tex Ritter country singer (5 Star Jubilee), dies at 67
1977 Erroll Garner jazz pianist (Misty), dies at 53
1980 Larry Williams rocker, dies at 44
1981 David Lynch singer (Platters-My Prayer), dies at 51
1983 Harriet Parsons actress/producer (Susan Slept Here), dies at 76 of cancer
1983 Bernard George Stevens composer, dies at 66
1983 Dick Emery actor (Yellow Submarine, Loot, Baby Love), dies at 65
1986 Una Merkel US actress (Abraham Lincoln), dies at 82
1990 Alan Hale Jr actor (Skipper Jonas Grumby-Gilligan's Island), dies of cancer at 71
1990 Belcampo [Herman Schönfeld Wichers], Dutch lawyer/writer, dies at 87
1990 Vladimir Alexis Ussachevsky Manchuria composer (Creation), dies at 78
1991 Edmond Jabandeacute;s writer, dies
1991 Renato Rascel actor (7 Hills of Rome), dies of heart failure at 78
1992 Virginia Field actress (Dream Girl), dies of cancer at 74
1994 Caesar Romero actor (Joker-Batman), dies at 86
1994 Dixy Lee Ray chairwoman (US Atomic Energy Commission), dies at 79
1994 Pierre-Paul Schweitzer French director of IMF (1963-73), dies at 81
1994 Sammy Taft Canadian businessman (coined term "hat trick"), dies at 81
1995 Graham Sharp ice skater, dies at 77
1995 Manuel Rivera Spanish painter/co-founder (El Paso), dies at 67
1995 Mohammed Siyad Barre President of Somalia (1969-91), dies
1995 Nancy Kelly US actress (Bad Seed, Submarine Patrol), dies at 73
1995 Siad Barre General/President of Somalia (1969-91), dies at 84
1996 Sydney Thompson rock Climber, dies at 81
1996 Thornton Page astrophysicist, dies at 82
1997 Jim Rodger sports writer, dies at 75
1997 Randy California [Wolfe], rock guitarist, dies at 45

Golden Link 1/ On this day 2nd January

Golden Link 2/ On this day 2nd January

Golden Link 3/ On this day 2nd January