16th January, on this day

27 BC The Roman Senate give the title Augustus to Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian
0308 St Marcellus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1219 Floods in Northern Netherlands after storm, 1,000s killed
1325 Laure de Noves, beloved of Petrarch, marries Hugues de Sade
1493 Columbus returns to Spain on his 1st trip
1531 English Reformation parliament's 2nd sitting
1547 ‘Ivan The Terrible’ (Ivan IV Vasilyevich) is crowned Tsar of Russia. He is the first ruler of Russia to assume the title of Tsar
1556 Emperor Karel appoints his son Philip II, king of Spain
1572 Thomas Howard, the Fourth Duke of Norfolk, is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. He is later executed at the Tower of London
1581 English parliament passes laws against Catholicism
1756 England and Prussia sign Treaty of Westminster
1765 Charles Messier catalogs M41 (galactic cluster in Canis Major)
1776 Continental Congress approves enlistment of free blacks
1777 Vermont declares independence from NY
1809 Battle of Corunna
1780 Battle at Cape St Vincent admiral Rodney beats Spanish fleet
1832 Charles Darwin lands at San Tiago, Cape Verde
1864 Heavy fighting takes place near Dandridge TN
1865 General William Sherman issues Field Order number 15 (land for blacks)
1865 Drunken sailor attacks munitions at Fort Fisher NC, 40 die
1868 Refrigerator car patented by William Davis, a fish dealer in Detroit
1870 Virginia becomes 8th state re-admitted to US after Civil War
1877 Colour organ (for light shows) patented, by Bainbridge Bishop
1883 Pendleton Act creates basis of US Civil Service system
1906 Conference of Algeciras (about Morocco)
1908 Pinnacles National Monument, California established
1909 The British Antarctic Expedition, led by Ernest Shackleton, locates the magnetic South Pole
1911 Pandora becomes 1st 2-man sailboat to round Cape Horn west to east
1913 British House of Commons accepts Home-Rule for Ireland
1914 Writer Maksim Gorki returns to Russia
1916 World War I: Austro-Hungarian troops seize control of Montenegro
1917 World War I: German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann sends a telegram to the German Ambassador in Mexico instructing him to approach the Mexican government to propose a German-Mexican alliance against the United States
1919 The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, prohibiting the 'manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors for beverage purposes', achieves the necessary two-thirds majority for state ratification, and thus becomes the law of the land
1920 18th Amendment, prohibition, becomes the law of the land - one year after ratification; it is repealed in 1933
1920 1st assembly of League of Nations (Paris)
1920 Georgia declares independence
1925 General M Froense replaces Trotsky as People's Commissioner of Defense. Leon Trotsky dismissed as CEO of Russian Revolution Military Council
1936 1st photo finish camera installed at Hialeah Race track in Hialeah FL
1936 Screen Actors Guild incorporates with King Vidor as president
1936 Spanish socialists/communists/anarchists form Unidad Popular
1938 Benny Goodman refuses to play Carnegie Hall when black members of his band were barred from performing
1939 Comic strip "Superman" debuts
1940 Captured documents reveal Hitler's plans for the invasion of Scandinavia and a postponement of the invasion of France and the Low Countries until the Spring, when the weather is more compatible to invasion
1941 British forces start the first attacks of their East African counter-offensive, on Italian-held Ethiopia, from Kenya
1941 German bombers pound Valetta, Malta, and the HMS Illustrious is hit again.
1941 War Department forms 1st Army Air Corps squadron for black cadets
1941 US vice admiral Bellinger warns of an assault on Pearl Harbor
1942 William Knudsen becomes 1st civilian appointed a General in US army
1942 TWA Flight 3, a DC-3 airplane returning to California refuels and takes off from Las Vegas, and twenty-three minutes later crashes into "Double Up Peak" on a clear night near the 8,300 ft level of Mount Potosi, 30 mi SW of Las Vegas; All 22 passengers are killed including actress Carole Lombard and her mother.
1943 1st US air raid on Ambon
1943 Battle of Velikiye Luki ends
1943 Iraq declares war on the Axis powers.
1943 RAF begins a two-night bombing of Berlin
1943 German 2nd SS-Pantzer division evacuates Charkow
1943 Red Army recaptures Pitomnik airport at Stalingrad
1944 General Eisenhower took command of Allied Invasion Force in London
1945 United States First and Third link up at Houffalise following Battle of the Bulge; Soviet troops meanwhile liberate Budapest.
1945 Scottish 52nd land division/1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
1947 Vincent Aurial elected President of France
1948 35 Haganah members are ambushed and killed in Gush Etzyon
1950 Belgium, Luxembourg and Netherlands recognise Israel
1951 World's largest gas pipeline opens (Brownsville TX, to 134th St, New York City NY)
1951 Viet Minh offensive against Hanoi
1953 Egyptian Premier General Naguib disbands all political parties
1956 Egyptian President Nassar pledges to reconquer Palestine
1957 3 B-52s leave California for 1st non-stop round the world flights
1957 Cavern Club (home of Beatles' 1st appearance) opens on Mathew Street in England
1961 Russian espionage ring detected in Great Britain
1962 Shooting begins on "Dr No"
1963 Khrushchev claims to have a 100-megaton nuclear bomb
1964 "Hello, Dolly!" starring Carol Channing, opens at St James Theater New York City NY for 2,844 performances
1965 "Outer Limits" last airs on ABC-TV
1965 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakstan/Semipalatinsk USSR
1967 1st black government installed in Bahamas
1969 In Prague, Czechoslovakia, student Jan Palach sets himself on fire to protest against the Soviet invasion that ended the 'Prague Spring'. Palach died from his burns
1969 Soviet Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5 perform 1st transfer of crew in space
1970 Colonel Gaddafi becomes premier of Libya
1973 USSR's Lunakhod 2 begins radio-controlled exploration of the Moon
1974 L A Landslide kills 9, Canyonville OR
1974 "Jaws" by Peter Benchley is published s
1979 Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi of Iran flees Iran for Egypt
1980 Paul McCartney jailed in Tokyo for 10 days on marijuana possession
1981 The Northern Ireland civil rights campaigner and former Westminster MP Bernadette McAliskey and her husband are shot by gunmen who burst into their home in Northern Ireland
1984 Paul and Linda McCartney arrested in Barbados-possession of cannabis
1985 "Playboy" announces end of stapling centerfolds
1986 Police arrested 3 IRA-terrorists in Amsterdam
1989 USSR announces plan for 2-year manned mission to Mars
1989 Police arrest writer Vaclav Havel in Prague
1990 2 Bank of Credit and Commerce members plea guilty to money laundering
1991 Operation Desert Storm begins - US and 27 allies attack Iraq for occupying Kuwait (air war begins January 17 at 2:38AM (local time) or January 16 at 6:38PM EST due to an 8 hour time difference, with an Apache helicopter attack)
1992 The Chapultepec Peace Accords are signed in Mexico City, which brings an end to the civil war in El Salvador
2001 The fuel supply tanker ‘Jessica’ runs aground off the island of San Cristoba, part of the Galapagos Islands
2001 The President of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Laurent Kabila, is shot by one of his own bodyguards. He later dies from his wounds
2002 The UN Security Council unanimously establishes an arms embargo and the freezing of assets of Osama bin Laden, Al-Qaida, and the remaining members of the Taliban
2003 A car bomb kills four and injures 27 at a shopping mall in Medellín. The attack is
believed to be a retaliation of FARC for the arrest of 53 of its members in the preceding days.
2005 Adriana Iliescu becomes the oldest woman in the world to give birth, at age 66.
2006 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf is inaugurated as Liberia's new president. She is the first elected female Head of State in Africa

16th January 2006

Putin hints at Iran nuclear deal

EU dockers' protest turns violent

Cancer study patients 'made up'

16th January 2007

Bombers rock Baghdad university

Top Taleban man 'arrested'

Obama steps into White House race

16th January 2008

Militants overrun Pakistan fort

Deadly blast hits Sri Lanka bus

Violent clashes at Kenya protests

16th January 2009

NY mayor hails 'hero' crash pilot

LRA rebels commit new atrocities

Citigroup to split as losses grow

16th January 2010

US makes Haiti quake funds appeal

Cuba investigates hospital deaths

Germany issues Explorer warning

Birthdates which occurred on 16th January :

1587 Alexander Adriaenssen Flemish painter
1672 Francesco Mancini composer
1697 Richard Savage poet
1728 Niccolò Piccinni Italian composer (Buona Figliuola)
1749 Vittoria A Alfieri Italian count/poet (Maria Stuarda)
1757 Samuel McIntire woodcarver/architect (architect of Salem)
1804 Karl August Krebs composer
1807 Charles Henry Davis Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1877
1815 Adolph Trube composer
1815 Henry Wagner "Old Brains" Halleck Major-General (Union Army)
1834 Albert Lindley Lee Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1907
1837 James Phillip Simms Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1887
1847 Kálmán Mikszáth Hungary, writer (Wonderparaplu)
1853 André Michelin France, industrialist/tire manufacturer (Michelin)
1853 Johnston Forbes-Robertson English actor/theater director (Kathleen)
1864 Frank Bacon actor/author (Lightnin)
1868 Cyril Metodej Hrazdira composer
1870 Wilhelm Normann German chemist (hardening of oils)
1872 Edward G Craig actor/director (On the art of theatre)
1872 Henri-Paul Busser composer
1873 Boyd Alexander English explorer
1874 Robert Service England, Canadian poet (Cremation of Sam McGee)
1878 Harry [Henry Dewitt] Carey Sr Bronx NY, US actor (Informer, Aces Wild, Border Cafe, Air Force)
1878 Robert Garbe German poet (Görniek)
1885 Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz president of Poland (1939-40)
1887 John Hamilton Penn, actor (Perry White-Superman)
1890 Karl Freund Czech/Austrian cameraman/director
1890 Lloyd Bacon San Jose CA, actor (Charlie Chaplin)
1893 Henry C Rümke Dutch psychiatrist (Periods in Man's Life)
1894 Guy Chamberlin early NFL end/coach (Canton, Frankford, Cards)
1901 Fulgencio Batista President/Dictator of Cuba (1933-44, 1952-59)
1902 Eric Liddell China, English 400m runner (Olympics-gold-1924)
1902 Evelyn Levine composer
1904 Max Vredenburg composer
1905 Ernesto Halffter composer
1906 Clement Greenberg art critic
1906 Diana Winyard London, actress (Cavalcade)
1907 Alexander Knox Canada, actor (Gorky Park, 2 of a Kind)
1907 Phillip Humphrey Vellacott classicist
1908 Ethel Merman stage & screen actress (Anything Goes, Call Me Madam)
1910 David McCampbell US pilot/captain (WWII-Pacific-downed 34 Japanese planes)
1911 Eduardo Frei (Christian Democrat), President of Chile (1964-70)
1911 Jay Hanna "Dizzy" Dean HOF baseball pitcher (St Louis Cardinals)
1911 Gilbert Gadoffre French scholar
1912 Franz Tumler Austria, author/novelist (Cloak, Aufruf)
1914 Roger Aubert Belgium, church historian (Le Pontificat de Pie IX)
1916 Frederick Stewart British geologist
1917 Buddy Lester Chicago IL, actor (Nick-Phil Silvers Show)
1918 Stirling Silliphant screenwriter
1919 Bob Boucher Kent OH, orchestra leader (Music on Ice)
1920 Elliot Reid New York City NY, actor (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes)
1923 Martin Stokken Norway, nordic relay (Olympics-silver-1952)
1923 Roy Lanham rocker (Sons of the Pioneers)
1923 Willem Aantjes Dutch political leader (CDA)
1924 Katy Jurado México, actress (High Noon, Trapeze, Barabbas, AKA Pablo)
1926 John "Jack" Layden local politician
1928 Ezra Sims composer
1928 John William Fozard aircraft designer
1928 William Kennedy US writer
1929 Allard Lowenstein radical (Students for Democratic Action)
1929 Francesco Scavullo Staten Island NY, celebrity photographer
1929 Tage Nielsen composer
1930 Norman Podhoretz Brooklyn NY, author/editor (New York Post)
1931 Vladimir Skutina writer playwright/journalist
1932 Dian Fossey zoologist (Gorillas in the Mist)
1932 Jim Berry cartoonist (Berry's World)
1933 Oleg Grigoryevich Makarov USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 12, 18A, 27, T-3)
1933 Susan Sonntag writer
1934 Richard Wernick Boston MA, composer
1934 Bill Alexander (Representative-D-AR, 1969- )
1934 Marilyn Horne Bradford PA, mezzo-soprano
1935 A J Foyt Houston TX, auto race driver (Indy 500 1961, 64, 67, 77)
1936 Michael White theater/film producer (From Russia With Love)
1937 Bob Bogle Portland, rock bassist/guitarist (Ventures-Batman Theme)
1937 Conny Vandenbos Dutch singer (My rose, my little rose)
1938 Michael Pataki Youngstown OH, actor (Get Christie Love)
1939 Cliff Thorburn English snooker player
1941 Christine Janes tennis player
1941 Richard Bohringer Paris France, actor (Diva, I Married a Shadow)
1941 Tÿmen G J "Tim" Beekman actor (Nosferatu)
1942 Barbara Lynn rocker
1942 Bill Francis Mobile AL rocker (Dr Hook)
1942 Tony P Hall (Representative-D-OH, 1979- )
1943 Brian Ferneyhough composer
1943 Gavin Bryars composer
1944 Jim Stafford Eloise FL, singer (Spiders & Snakes, My Girl Bill)
1944 Chris de Marigny painter/designer
1944 Ronnie Milsap Robbinsville NC, country singer (Any Day Now, Legend in My Time)
1945 Kabir Bedi actor (Thief of Baghdad, Terminal Entry)
1946 Michael L Coats Sacramento CA, Captain USN/astronaut (STS 41-D, 29, 39)
1947 Dr. Laura Schlessinger Brooklyn, NY, TV/radio host/author (Go take on the day)
1947 Georgette Mosbacher CEO (La Prairie cosmetics)
1947 Juliet Berto Grenoble France, actress (Le Sex Shop)
1948 Cliff Thorburn Victoria BC, champion snooker player
1948 Anatoli Yakovlevich Solovyov Riga, cosmonaut (TM-5,9,15,26, STS 71)
1948 Christopher Moran English financier/multi-millionaire
1948 John Carpenter Carthage NY, director (Halloween, The Thing)
1950 Caroline Munro Windsor England, actress (Spy Who Loves Me)
1950 Debbie Allen Houston TX, dancer/actress (3 Girls 3, Lydia-Fame)
1950 Jesse Dizon Oceanside CA
1951 Richard Thompson rocker (BT Express-Here Comes the Express)
1952 Lloyd Blaine Hammond Jr Savannah GA, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 39, 64)
1952 Roberta Baskin NY, correspondent (48 Hours)
1955 Jerry M Linenger Mt Clemens MI, PhD/Commander USN/astronaut (STS 81/84)
1956 Wayne Daniel cricketer (West Indies fast bowler 1976-84)
1958 Anatoli Boukreev mountaineer
1959 Sadé [Helen Folsade Ady] Ibadan Nigeria, rocker (Smooth Operator, Sweetest Taboo; Grammy 1986-Best new singer)
1962 Jan Koster Dutch drummer (Sleeze Beez-Powertool)
1962 Kevin Ross NFL safety (Atlanta Falcons, Kansas City Chiefs)
1962 Paul Webb rocker (TalkTalk)
1964 Gail Graham Vanderhoof BC, LPGA golfer (1995 Fieldcrest Cannon)
1964 Mark Collins NFL cornerback/safety (New York Giants, Kansas City Chiefs, Green Bay Packers)
1964 Trevor Barsby cricketer (Queensland opening batsman since 1984-85)
1966 Anthony Washington Glasgow Montana, discus thrower (Olympics-4th-96)
1966 Jack McDowell Van Nuys CA, pitcher (New York Yankees, White Sox, Indians)
1967 Jeff Branson Waynesboro MI, infielder (Cincinnati Reds)
1967 Maxine Waters Jones rocker (En Vogue)
1968 David Chokachi actor (Baywatch)
1969 Chelan Kozak Revelstoke BC, equestrian (Olympics-96)
1969 Roy Jones Pensacola FL, Light-middleweight boxer (Olympics-silver-1988)
1970 Don MacLean NBA forward (New Jersey Nets, Denver Nuggets)
1970 Ron Villone Englewood NJ, pitcher (San Diego Padres)
1971 Josh Evans actor (Ricochet, The Doors)
1971 Jukka-Pekka Nummi WLAF cornerback (Scottish Claymores)
1971 Junior Bryant NFL defensive end (San Francisco 49ers)
1971 Michel Kreek Dutch soccer player (Ajax)
1971 Scott Williams Orange CA, field hockey defender (Olympics-96)
1971 Sergei Bruguera Spain, tennis star
1971 Ulrich van Gobbel Suriname/Dutch soccer player (Feyenoord)
1972 Desiree Leipham Spokane WA, WPVA volleyballer (Nationals-17th-1995)
1972 Joe Horn wide receiver (Kansas City Chiefs)
1972 Lee McIntyre Peak Hill Australia, golfer (T3 1995 New South Wales Trainee Champ)
1973 Josie Davis Los Angeles CA, actress (Sarah-Charles in Charge)
1973 Mario Bates NFL-running back (New Orleans Saints)
1973 Willie Whitehead CFL defensive end (Hamilton Tiger Cats)
1974 Kate Moss Addiscomb Surrey England, model (Calvin Klein)
1976 Trisha Stillwell Miss Oklahoma-USA (1997, top 10)
1986 Mason Gamble actor (Dennis the Menace)


Deaths which occurred on January 16th:
0308 Marcellus I Catholic Pope (-308), dies
0429 Honoratius of Arles bishop/saint, dies
1343 Robert of Anjou king (Naples), dies
1595 Murad III sultan of Turkey (1574-95), dies
1697 Richard Savage poet, dies
1703 Matteo Coferati composer, dies at 64
1794 Edward Gibbon historian (Decline & Fall), dies in London at 56
1817 Antonin Josef Alois Volanek composer, dies at 55
1838 Aleksandr I Polezjajev Russian poet (Sasjka), dies at 33
1842 Thomas Freanby Norwegian landscape painter, dies
1849 Wilhelm M L de Wette German theologist, dies at 69
1864 Anton Schindler German violinist/biographer (Beethoven), dies at 68
1886 Amilcare Ponchielli Italian composer (La Gioconda), dies at 51
1891 Clement-Philibert-Leo Delibes composer, dies at 54
1891 Leo Delibes French ballet composer (Lakmé), dies at 54
1892 Imakita Kosen Zen teacher/abbot of Engagkuji monastery, dies
1893 Johan Philip Koelman painter/sculptor/architect, dies at 74
1901 Hiram Revels dies at 73
1901 Arnold Böcklin Swiss painter, dies at 73
1907 Alfred Shaw cricketer (seven Tests for England 1877-82), dies
1912 Georg Heym writer, dies at 24
1916 Arnold Aletrino Dutch physician-criminologist (From Death), dies at 57
1919 Jaroslav Jeremias composer, dies at 19
1920 Reginald De Koven composer, dies at 60
1934 Annie Patterson composer, dies at 65
1935 Richard Wetz composer, dies at 59
1938 William Pickering pioneer US stellar spectroscopist, dies
1939 Albert Fish mass murderer, executed
1942 Barbara Lynn [Ozen], US singer (You'll Lose a Good Thing), dies
1942 Carole Lombard actress, (Bolero), killed in plane crash (along with her mother & 20 others) at 32
1943 Franz Courtens Flemish painter (Sunny Lane), dies at 88
1945 Dennis Donnini British rifleman (Victoria Cross), dies in battle at 19
1946 Johanna HC Albregt actress/wife of Henri Dons (Paradise), dies at 71
1954 Michail M Prishvin Russian writer, dies
1955 Jonkheer Reneke de Marees van Swinderen Dutch minister (1908-13), dies at 94
1957 Arturo Toscanini Italy, American conductor, dies in New York City NY at 89
1957 Alexander Cambridge Governor-General (South Africa 1923-31/Canada 1940-5), dies at 82
1961 Janos Viski composer, dies at 54
1962 Emanuel Stickelberger Swiss writer (Holbein in England), dies at 77
1963 Gilardo Gilardi composer, dies at 73
1966 Margarete Susman writer, dies at 91
1967 Dirk Vansina Flemish playwright (Sage of Kai-Roi), dies at 72
1967 Robert J Van De Graaff US nuclear physicist, dies at 65
1968 Robert R "Bob" Jones founder (Bob Jones University), dies at 84
1969 Jan Palach protesting Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia, self immolates at 20
1969 Vernon Duke composer, dies at 65
1970 Armijn Pane Indonesian writer (Djinak-djinak merpati), dies at 61
1971 Kermit Maynard cowboy actor (Saturday Roundup), dies at 68
1972 David Seville [Ross Bagdasarian] (Alvin & Chipmunks), dies at 52
1973 Ray Barrett sportscaster (Gillette Summer Sports Reel), dies at 65
1979 Ted Cassidy Pittsburgh PA, actor (Lurch-Addams Family), dies at 46
1979 Fred Elizalde composer, dies at 71
1980 Anna van Wageningen-Salomons Dutch author (Unspoilt Dream), dies at 94
1981 Bernard Lee actor (M in James Bond Movies), dies at 73
1987 Earl Wilson Broadway columnist (Midnight Earl), dies in Yonkers at 79
1987 Joyce Jameson comedienne (Spike Jones Show), dies at 54
1987 Ilse Langen writer, dies at 87
1989 Pierre Boileau screenwriter (Vertigo), dies at 82
1989 Romo Vincent actor (Naked Jungle), dies
1989 Trey Wilson actor (Bull Durham, Twins, Raising Arizona), dies
1992 Roselle Novelle silent film actress, dies at 95
1993 Florence Desmond [Dawson], actress (Sally in Our Alley), dies at 87
1993 Glenn Corbett US actor (Shenandoah, Chisum, Midway), dies at 63
1993 Sathasivam Krishnakumar Sri Lanka commander, commits suicide
1994 Martin Kosleck German/US actor (Hitler Gang), dies at 86
1994 Noël Foré Belgian cyclist (Paris-Roubaix 1959), dies at 61
1994 Stephen Kritsick veterinarian (Good Morning America), dies at 42
1995 William Dillard trumpeter/singer, dies at 83
1996 Harry Potts footballer/manager, dies at 75
1996 Kaye Webb publisher, dies at 81
1997 Charlie Alfred Galbraith jazz trombonist, dies at 76
1997 Innis Cosby son of Bill Cosby, murdered on Los Angeles highway at 29
1997 Jim Kensil NFL president (New York Jets), dies of heart failure at 66
1997 Stephen Fitz-Simon entrepreneur, dies at 59
1998 David "Junior" Kimbrough blues musician, dies at 67
1998 Peter Diamand artistic administrator, dies at 84

Golden Link 1/ On this day 16th January

Golden Link 2/ On this day 16th January

Golden Link 3/ On this day 16th January