1st January, on this day

5777 BC Origin of Solar Cycle
4714 BC Origin of Julian Period (Year 0)
4713 BC Julian Year 1 begins, at Greenwich mean noon
0045 BC Origin of Julian Era; Julian calendar begins 45BC: New Year's Day
New Year's Day is celebrated on January 1 for the first time in 45 BC, when Roman dictator Julius Caesar establishes the Julian calendar. On the advice of the astronomer Sosigenes, Caesar added 67 days to the year 46 BC in order to repair the damage done to the imperfect Roman calendar by the passage of time.
Celebration of New Year's Day in January fell out of practice during the Middle Ages, but after the adoption of the Gregorian - or modern - calendar in 1582, New Year's was again observed on the first day of January.

0038 BC Origin of Era of Spain (Cesars)
0030 BC Origin of Actian Era
0001 BC Origin of Era of Pisa
0001 Origin of Christian Era
0069 Roman garrison of Mainz uprising
0089 Gov Lucius Antonius Saturninus of Germany becomes emperor of Rome
0313 Start of Roman (Pontifical) Indiction
0404 The last known public contest between Gladiators takes place in the city of Rome. Constantine I had first banned the spectacles in 325
0414 King Ataulf of Narbonne marries emperor Honorius sister Galle Placidia
0722 Hofmeier Charles Martel flees from bishop Willibrord
0990 Russia adopts Julian calendar
1430 Jews of Sicily are no longer required to attend conversionist services
1438 Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes king of Hungary
1494 Juw Dekama elected potentate of Frisia
1502 Portuguese navigators discover Rio de Janeiro
1504 King Louis XII loses last bulwark in Naples, Caeta
1515 Jews are expelled from Laibach Austria
1515 François, Duke of Angoulême succeeds Louis XII as François I of France
1573 Geuzen sets fire to Woudrichem
1583 1st day of the Gregorian calendar in Holland and Flanders
1610 German astronomer Simon Marius 1st discovers the Jupiter moons, but does not officially report it, Galileo does on July 1 1610
1622 Papal Chancery adopts Jan 1 as beginning of the year (was Mar 25)
1651 Charles II Stuart crowned king of Scotland
1660 1st entry in Samuel Pepys' diary
1660 General Moncks army battles with the Tweed on way to London
1660 Thomas Fairfax' New Model-army occupies York
1672 Jean Racine's "Bajazet" premieres in Paris
1673 Regular mail delivery begins between New York and Boston
1675 Don Carlos de Gurrea/Aragón becomes Spanish land guardian of South Netherlands
1689 Pro-James II-Earl of Danby occupies York
1700 Protestant West-Europe (except England) begin using Gregorian calendar
1700 Russia replaces Byzantines with Julian calendar
1701 Great Britain and Ireland union is in effect, creating United Kingdom
1707 Jacob V succeeds his father Pedro II as king of Portugal
1739 J B C Bouvet de Lozier discovers Bouvet Island, near Antarctica
1770 Date of action in the opera "Madeleine"
1772 1st traveler's cheques issued (London)
1776 General George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag
1785 "Daily Universal Register" (Times of London) publishes 1st issue
1788 London's Daily Universal Register becomes the Times
1788 Quakers in Pennsylvania emancipate their slaves
1797 Albany replaces New York City as capital of NY
1798 Russia appoints 1st Jewish censor to censor Hebrew books
1800 Dutch East Indies Company dissolves
1801 Ireland and Great Britain (England and Scotland) form United Kingdom
1803 Jean-Jacques Dessalines proclaims an independent Haiti after defeating Napoleon Bonaparte's colonial forces
1807 Curaçao is taken by English (until March, 1816)
1808 Congress prohibits importation of slaves
1808 African Benevolent Society (education) forms
1808 Sierra Leone becomes a British colony
1809 Holland Brigade under Brigadier General Chassé reaches Madrid
1814 Field marshal Blücher's troops cross the Rhine at Kaub
1818 Official reopening of the White House
1818 Mary Shelley's novel 'Frankenstein' is published
1826 Baron Van der Capellen resigns as Governor of Dutch-Indies
1827 Dutch Trade Company NHM gets opium monopoly on Java
1831 William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal
1833 British government demands Falkland islands
1833 Curaçao census 2,602 whites, 6,531 free people and 5,894 slaves
1834 German Tolunie goes into effect
1838 1st official horse race in South Australia-Adelaide
1842 1st illustrated weekly magazine in US publishes 1st issue, New York City NY
1844 1st edition of New Rotterdam's Daily (3x per week)
1846 Yucatan declares independence from México
1847 Michigan is 1st state to abolish capital punishment
1847 Netherlands Haarlem's Current newspaper starts publishing
1848 Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
1851 City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line
1852 1st US public bath opens in New York City NY
1852 Netherlands begins issuing postage stamps
1853 1st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in US enters service
1854 Lincoln University, a black college, chartered (Oxford PA)
1858 Canada begins using decimal currency system
1860 Slavery ends of in Netherlands Indies
1861 Porfirio Diaz conquers Mexico City
1861 President Lincoln declares slavery in Confederate states unlawful
1862 1st US income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000)
1862 Battle of Fort McRee FL, Battle of Port Royal SC (Port Royal Ferry)
1863 1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice NE
1863 Battle of Galveston, TX - Confederates recapture the city
1863 Battle of Helena AK
1863 President Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation, which legally frees all of the African American slaves in Confederate states. Though the Proclamation affects few slaves immediately, it encourages others to escape
1863 Franz Schuberts "Missa Solemnis" premieres in Leipzig
1865 to Apr 26th] Carolinas' campaign
1871 Belgium disbands salt tax
1873 Origin of Japanese Era
1874 New York City annexes the Bronx
1876 Bass Ale’s ‘Red Triangle’ becomes the first registered trade mark in Britain
1877 England's Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India
1879 John Brahms' Violin Concerto in D major premieres in Leipzig
1880 Building of Panamá Canal, begins
1881 Dr John H Watson is introduced to Sherlock Holmes
1891 French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed
1891 King Pakketvaart sails to Netherlands Indies
1890 Ellis Island (New York NY) opens as a US immigration depot
1893 1st US college extension courses for credit, University of Chicago
1893 Japan adopts the Gregorian calendar
1894 Denmark adopts Mid-European time
1894 Opening of the Manchester Ship Canal linking Manchester to the River Mersey. Queen Victoria later formally opened the canal on 21 May 1894
1895 Norway adopts Mid-European time
1896 Wilhelm Röntgen announces his discovery of x-rays
1897 Brooklyn merges with New York to form present City of New York
1898 Lightship replaces whistling buoy at mouth of San Francisco Bay
1899 Cuba liberated from Spain by US (National Day) (US occupies till 1902)
1900 British protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria established
1900 Compulsory education in Netherlands goes into effect
1901 Australia declares independence from federation of UK colonies
1902 Nathan Stubblefield makes 1st public demonstration of radio, Pennsylvania
1904 Netherlands Indies colony begins opium production
1906 Dutch law makes driver's license mandatory
1907 President Theodore Roosevelt shakes a record 8,513 hands in 1 day
1908 1st time, ball signifying new year dropped at Times Square
1911 South Australia transfers Northern Territory to federal government
1911 Belgian Mining law introduces 9½-hour work day
1912 Sun Yat-sen forms Chinese Republic
1913 Post office begins parcel post deliveries
1914 1st scheduled airline flight, St Petersburg-Tampa (Tony Jannus pilot)
1914 Northern and Southern Nigeria united in British colony of Nigeria
1914 Klaas ter Laan becomes Netherlands' 1st socialist mayor (Zaandam)
1915 British battleship HMS Formidable is torpedoed by the German submarine U-24 in the English Channel killing 547 men
1915 DW Griffith shows "Clansman" at a sneak preview
1915 Jews of Laibach Austria expelled
1916 1st issue of "Journal of Negro History" published
1918 Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland
1919 Belorussian SSR established
1922 Vancouver BC starts driving on the right side of road
1923 Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
1924 Grossdeutsche Völksgemeinschaft/Völkische Block replaces NSDAP
1925 Norway's capital Christiania changes name to Oslo
1926 Flood in Rhine strikes Cologne
1927 Communist uprising in West Java
1928 1st US air-conditioned office building opens, San Antonio
1928 Algemeene Vereeniging Radio Omroep (AVRO) begins broadcasting (Netherlands)
1930 Jurgens and Van den Berg merge with Lever Brothers to form Unilever
1932 Rasse und Siedlungshauptamt publishes Himmler's wedding laws
1934 Alcatraz officially becomes a federal prison
1934 Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (US bank guarantor) effective
1934 International Telecommunication Union established
1935 Associated Press inaugurates Wirephoto
1935 Eastern Airlines hires Eddie Rickenbacker as GM
1935 President Mustapha Kemal Pasha names himself "Atatürk Father of Turkey"
1936 1st newspaper to microfilm its current issues, New York Herald Tribune
1937 US Army Air Corps physiological research laboratory completed, Ohio
1937 Anastasio Somoza becomes President of Nicaragua
1937 Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain
1941 Netherlands begins taxing wages
1941 Russian General Zhukov appointed chief of General staff
1942 US and 25 other countries sign a united declaration against the Axis
1943 Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel
1944 1st feature-length foreign movie, African Journey, shown on TV, New York City NY
1944 General Clark replaces General Patton as commander of 7th Army
1945 France joins the UN
1945 German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
1946 Emperor Hirohito of Japan announces he is not a god
1946 National Assembly proclaims Hungary a republic
1946 ENIAC, US 1st computer finished by Mauchly/Eckert
1947 Britain nationalizes its coal industry
1947 Benelux agress to work related issues
1948 1st colour newsreel filmed, Pasadena CA
1948 Britain nationalizes its railways
1948 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade effective
1948 Orissa province accedes to India
1948 Italy adopts constitution
1949 Tokelau (Union) Islands declared part of New Zealand
1950 Ho Chi Minh begins offensive against French troops in Indo-China
1951 Massive Chinese/North Korean assault on UN-lines
1952 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 5th string quartet
1954 Yugoslav parliament chairman/Vice President Milovan Djilas criticize communism
1955 Bhutan issues its 1st postage stamps
1956 Sudan (Anglo-Egyptian Sudan) gains independence from Britain and Egypt
1957 France returns Saar to becomes the 10th state of German Federal Republic
1957 International Geophysical Year begins; ends 6/30/1958 (18-month year)
1957 Benjamin Britten's ballet "Prince and the Pauper" premieres in London
1958 BOAC Britannia flies London to New York in a record 7hours 57minutes
1958 European Economic Community (Common Market) starts operation
1958 Sammy Davis Jr marries Loray White
1958 Treaties establish European Economic Community (Common Market)
1959 Cuban President Fulgencio Batista is forced to flee the country because of the success of the revolution led by Fidel Castro
1959 Chad becomes autonomous republic in French Community
1960 Bank of France issues new franc
1960 Cameroon (French Cameroon) gains independence from France
1960 Johnny Cash plays 1st of many free concerts behind bars
1960 Montserrat adopts constitution
1960 US census at 179,245,000
1961 Russia introduces a new ruble worth
1962 Rwanda granted internal self-government by Belgium
1962 Beatles' Decca audition is unsuccessful
1962 Western Samoa gains independence from New Zealand; Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes co-chief of Western Samoa
1963 G Woods succeeds Eugene Black as president of the World Bank
1964 Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland dissolved
1965 International Cooperation Year begins
1965 Palestinian al-Fatah organization forms
1966 12 day transit worker strike shuts down New York City, NY subway
1966 All US cigarette packs have to carry "Caution Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health"
1966 Military coup by Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa in Central African Republic
1966 Simon and Garfunkel's "Sounds of Silence" reaches number 1
1967 St Helena adopts constitution
1967 Tonga revises constitution
1968 Evel Knievel fails in his attempt to jump Cæsar's Palace Fountain
1970 Revised calendar for Western (RC) Church goes into effect
1970 "The Epoch" (Time 0 for UNIX systems, Midnight GMT)
1971 Cigarette advertisements banned on TV
1972 International Book Year begins
1972 People's Republic of China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor People's Rebulic of China
1973 Britain, Ireland and Denmark become 7th-9th members of Common Market
1973 West African Economic Community formed (Benin, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Upper Volta)
1974 World Population Year begins
1975 Haldeman, Ehrlichman, Mitchell and Mardian convicted of Watergate crime
1975 International Women's Year begins
1975 Sweden adopts constitution
1976 Liberty Bell moves to new home behind Independence Hall
1976 Venezuela nationalizes oil fields
1977 1st woman formally ordained an Episcopal priest (Jacqueline Means)
1977 Czech intellectualus and chinas begin Human Rights Group Charter 77
1978 President Ford signs 1st major revision of copyright law since 1909
1978 Air India B747 explodes near Bombay killing 213
1979 International Year of the Child begins
1979 Jura, 26th canton of Switzerland, established
1979 US and China (People's Republic) begin diplomatic relations
1980 Chrysler UK renamed Talbot
1980 International Decade of Water and Sanitation begins
1980 Sweden changes order of succession to throne
1980 Mob storms Russian embassy in Teheran
1980 Premier Abdou Diouf becomes President of Senegal
1981 International Year for the Disabled begins
1981 Palau (Trust Territory of Pacific Is) becomes self-governing
1981 Greece is 10th country to join European Economic Community
1982 Pope John Paul II prays for an end to martial law in Poland
1982 Javier Pérez de Cuellar becomes Secretary-General of UN
1982 MTA launches 5 year capital program to overhaul New York City NY subway system
1983 World Communications Year begins
1984 Brunei becomes independent of UK
1985 International Youth Year begins
1985 US's 1st manadatory seat belt law goes into effect (NY)
1985 VH-1 made its broadcasting debut
1986 Aruba becomes independent from neighbor island Curaçao (part of Kingdom of the Netherlands)
1986 International Peace Year begins
1986 Spain and Portugal become 11th and 12th members of Common Market (European Economic Community)
1987 60 bodies recovered in Dupont Plaza Hotel fire in Puerto Rico
1987 International Year of Shelter for Homeless begins
1987 Year of the Reader begins
1987 China's rudimentary civil code in effect
1988 Czech born tennis star Hana Mandikova becomes an Australian Citizen
1989 Year of the Young Reader begins
1990 David Dinkins sworn in as 1st black mayor of New York City NY
1991 5% sales tax on consumer goods and services goes into effect in USSR
1991 Iraq rejects peace proposal from Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak
1992 Boutros Boutros-Ghali becomes UN Secretary-General
1992 Europe breaks down trade barriers
1992 International Space Year begins
1992 Bush is 1st US President to address Australian Parliament
1992 Curaçao becomes 1st in Dutch Antilles to have compulsory education
1993 12 member European Economic Community set up vast free trade zone
1993 Cigarette advertisements are banned in New York City NY's MTA
1993 Czechoslovakia separates into Czech Republic (Bohemia) and Slovakia
1993 Harry Connick Jr arrested at a New York airport for gun possession
1994 International Year of Family
1994 Microsoft CEO Bill Gates (38) marries Melinda French (29)
1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect
1995 Austria, Finland and Sweden act to join European Union
1995 Centennial of Canadian Mounties presence in Canada's Yukon Territory
1995 Fernando Henrique Cardoso installed as President of Brazil
1995 International Year of Tolerance
1995 Last "Far Side" by cartoonist Gary Larson (started 1980)
1995 In England, notorious murderer and serial killer Frederick West commits suicide in prison aged 53
1998 All California bars, clubs and card rooms must be smoke-free
1998 Mongolia switches from a 46 hour to 40 hour work week
1998 US Census Bureau estimates population at 268,921,733
1998 The European Central Bank is established.
1999 International Year of Elderly
1999 Official launch of the new 'Euro' currency
2000 As the world celebrates, no major crisis arises from the dreaded Y2K computer 'millennium bug'.
2000 Hama Amadou assumes as Prime Minister of Niger.
2001 Tommy Remengesau assumes as president of Palau.
2002 Euro banknotes and coins become legal tender in twelve of the European Union's member states.
2002 Taiwan officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Chinese Taipei.
2002 The Open Skies mutual surveillance treaty, initially signed in 1992, officially enters into force.
2003 Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva assumes as the President of Brazil.
2004 In a vote of confidence, General Pervez Musharraf won 658 out of 1,170 votes in the Electoral College of Pakistan, and according to Article 41(8) of the Constitution of Pakistan, was "deemed to be elected" to the office of President until October 2007.
2006 The Football Federation Australia moved from the Oceania Football Confederation to the Asian Football Confederation.
2007 Bulgaria and Romania officially join the European Union. Also, Bulgarian, Romanian, and Irish become official languages of the European Union, joining 20 other official languages.
2007 Adam Air Flight 574 disappears over Indonesia with 102 people on board.

1st January 2006

Ukraine gas crisis 'could hit EU'

Fireworks and parties mark 2006

Austria sees constitution on hold

1st January 2007

Somali Islamic stronghold falls

Contact lost with Indonesian jet

EU welcomes Romania and Bulgaria

1st January 2008

Kenyans burned to death in church

Iraq suicide bomber hits funeral

Eight dead in Gaza faction clash

1st January 2009

Hamas leader killed in air strike

Taleban ambush kills 20 policemen

Iraq takes control of Green Zone

1st January 2010

Pakistan volleyball crowd 'hit by suicide bomber'

Bus crash kills 18 in Bangladesh

US drone attack in Pakistan 'kills 3

Birthdates which occurred on 1st January :

0379 Basilius the Great, of Caesarea, holyman (Moralia)
1387 Charles The Angry One, king of Navarra (1349-87)
1431 Alexander VI [Rodrigo Borgia] Spanish/Italian pope (1492-1503)
1449 Lorenzo de' Medici [The Magnificent] of Florence
1467 Sigismund I the old, king of Poland
1481 Huldrych Zwingli Swiss Protestant reformer
1504 Caspar Cruciger German church reformer
1520 Franciscus Balduinus [François Baudouin], lawyer
1618 Bartolomé Esteban Murillo Spain, Baroque artist [baptized]
1622 Isaac Sweers Dutch Admiral/General/Civil rights activist
1628 Christoph Bernhard German composer
1638 Antoinette du Ligier de la Guard Deshoulieres French poet/playwright
1652 Johann Krieger composer
1697 Johann Pfeiffer composer
1709 Johann H H Bütz German/Dutch organ builder
1714 Kristijonas Donelaitis Lutheran pastor, Lithuanian poet (The Seas)
1723 Christian Friedrich Gregor composer
1729 Edmund Burke British author/famous Whig (Philosophy and Inquiry, Reflections on the Revolution)
1734 John F E Acton cruel premier of Naples
1735 Paul Revere silversmith/US patriot (British are coming)
1745 "Mad" Anthony Wayne General
1748 Giovanni Furno composer
1752 Elizabeth Griscom (Betsy) Ross flag maker
1764 John Kinker Dutch linguist/philosopher/poet (Minderjarige Zangster)
1777 Micah Hawkins composer
1784 William Beale composer
1792 Henrik A Bjerregaard Norwegian writer/poet (Sønner af Norge)
1800 Sydney Nelson composer
1800 Vaclav Horak composer
1809 John Pieter Heije Dutch physician/writer/poet (Silver Fleet)
1815 Charles Renouvier French philosopher (neocriticism)
1817 Martin H Klaproth Germany, chemist
1819 Arthur Hugh Clough poet, friend of Matthew Arnold
1819 George Foster Shepley Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1878
1823 Sándor Petöfi Kikkörös, Hungary, poet, revolutionary (Jáos Vitéz)
1827 William Lewis "Old Tige" Cabell Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
1831 William Joseph Westbrook composer
1834 Ludovic Halévy Paris France, actor (Carmen)
1838 William Hugh Young Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
1839 Maria Louise Ramé "Ouida" Bury St. Edmunds Suffolk England, screenwriter (A Dog of Flanders, The Little Dutch Girl)
1843 Nikolay Nikolayevich Lodizhensky composer
1846 Nikola Pasic Serbian nationalist/premier (1891-1926)
1853 Hans Koessler composer
1854 Sir James Frazer Britain, anthropologist/author (The Golden Bough)
1861 Isaac Murphy thoroughbred jockey, 628 wins on 1,412 mounts (44.5%)
1861 William Morris Boston MA, actor (Brothers, The Roadhouse Murder)
1862 Snitz Edwards Hungary, actor (College, Phantom of the Opera)
1863 Baron Pierre de Coubertin France, revived Olympic games
1863 Aleko Konstantinov Bulgarian writer (To Chicago and Back)
1863 Pierre de Coubertin France, baron (revived Olympic games)
1864 Alfred Stieglitz US photographer-father of modern photography/art dealer (Camera Work)
1865 Giuseppe Ferrata composer
1866 [Lars] Peter Elfelt [Petersen] Denmark, director (Henrettelsen)
1867 Lew Fields New York NY, comedian/actor (of Weber and Fields, 23-Skidoo)
1867 Charles Edward Montague English author/critic (Fiery Particles)
1869 Louis de la Vallée-Poussin Belgian indologist
1873 Mariano Azuela Mexico, novelist (The Flies, The Bosses)
1873 Willis Robards Texas, actor/director (Mothers of Men, Every Woman's Problem)
1874 Hugo Leichtentritt composer
1875 Charles Rist French economist
1875 N F Druce cricketer (5 Tests for England vs Australia 1897-98)
1876 Johan C Altorf sculptor (October 3rd monument)
1878 Edwin Franko Goldman composer
1878 François Ambrosiny French dancer/choreograph (L'oiseau enchanté)
1879 Edward Dillon New York NY, actor/director (Young Ironsides, The Golden West)
1879 E[dward] M Forster London England, novelist (Howard's End, Passage to India)
1879 Emile Argand Swiss geologist (Dekbladen Theory)
1879 Ernest Jones British psychoanalyst (Life and Work of Sigmund Freud)
1879 Paul Porcasi Palermo Sicily Itlay, actor (Say It Again, I'll Remember April)
1879 William Fox Tulchva Hungary, US film pioneer (Nickelodeon)
1880 Edie Martin London England, actress (Titfield Thunderbolt)
1880 Shalom Asch Poland, yiddish writer (Motke Ganev)
1881 Carry van Bridges [de Haan], Dutch author (Heleen, Eva)
1881 Richard Kean England, actor (Story of Will Rogers, Ten Commandments)
1882 W C Wendelaar mayor of Alkmaar (1919-34)/Dutch MP (VVD)
1883 Federigo Tozzi Italian writer/journalist (La Torre, Tre Croci)
1883 Heiko E Arnoldi Dutch actor (3 Drops of Water)/theater director
1884 George W Meyer Boston MA, composer/lyricist (Bells of St. Mary's, Broadway Babies)
1885 Lawrence Alfred Bowes Newark CA, actor (Big Town Ideas)
1885 Roland Diggle composer
1885 Winifred Greenwood Geneseo New York, actress (Don't Call Me Little Girl, Love Never Dies)
1886 Willard Robertson Runnels TX, actor (Deep Valley, Fury at Furnace Creek)
1886 William Edmunds Italy, actor (Lost Moment, Big Sombrero)
1887 Wilhelm Canaris German admiral/head German military intelligence
1888 Chesley Bonestell San Francisco CA, special effects/actor/writer (Swiss Family Robinson, War of the Worlds)
1888 Joseph Marievsky Russia, actor (Three Godfathers)
1888 Ludwig Rex Berlin Germany, actor (Der Mensch am Wege)
1889 Alexander Smallens St Petersburg, Russia, conductor
1889 Tadeusz Jarecki composer
1889 Tom Dugan Dublin Ireland, actor (Circus Clown, Drag, Skyway)
1890 Florence Lawrence Hamilton Ontario, silent screen actress (Confidence)
1890 Lawford Davidson London England, actor (Love Doctor, Vagabond King)
1890 Wanda Capodaglio Asti Italy, actress (La Donna Nuda, Gelosia)
1891 Alessandro De Stefani Cividale del Friuli Italy, writer (La Signorina, Africa sotto i mari)
1891 Charles Bickford Cambridge MA, actor (John-The Virginian, Days of Wine and Roses)
1891 Frank Pettingell Liverpool England, actor (Gaslight, Goose Steps Out)
1892 Manuel Roxas y Acuna 1st President of Philippines
1892 Artur Rodzinski Spalato Dalmatia Poland, conductor/composer
1892 Lillian Lorraine San Francisco CA, actress (Lonesome Corners, Should a Wife Forgive?)
1892 Miklos Radnai composer
1893 Frank Badgley Ottowa Canada, actor (Man From Glengarry)
1893 Jay Rescher Bayonne NJ, cinematographer (Girl of the Sea, Straight To Heaven)
1894 Iván Petrovich Novi Sad Serbia, actor (Magician, Garden of Allah)
1895 Alice Tissot Paris France, actress (Tambour battant, Jamais deux sans trois)
1895 J Edgar Hoover Washington DC, Director of US Fedreal Bureau of Investigation
1895 Nathaniel Shilkret New York City NY, conductor
1895 Rafael Martínez Zaragoza Spain, composer (Nuestra Natacha, Ana María)
1896 Maurice Jacobson composer
1896 Teinosuke KinugasaMie Ken Japan, writer/director (Jujiro, Jigoku-mon)
1896 Yitzhak Edel composer
1897 Al Martin screenwriter (Blondie Knows Best)
1897 Walter Greaza St Paul MN, actor (Martin Kane Private Eye, Edge of Night)
1898 George van Derton Belgian racer (won 500 race)
1898 Viktor Ullmann opera composer (Der Kaiser von Atlantis)
1899 Juozas Tallat-Kelpsa composer
1899 Lev V Kuleshov Tambov Russia, director/theorist (Po Zakonu)
1899 Raymond Loucheur composer
19-- Alexia Robinson Fort Lauderdale FL, actress (Total Recall, General Hospital)
19-- Stephanie Faracy Brooklyn NY, actress (Judy-Thorn Birds)
1900 Erwin S. Gelsey New York NY, screenwriter (Cover Girl, Touchdown Army)
1900 Hubert van Doorne Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF)
1900 Lillian Rich Herne Hill London England, actress (One Wonderful Night, Never Say Die)
1900 Paola Borboni Parma Italy, actress (La Cage aux folles II, Cicciabomba)
1900 William Haines Staunton VA, actor (Fast Life, Little Annie Rooney)
1900 Xavier Cugat [Francisco de Asís Javier Cugat Mingall de Brue y Deulofeo] Tirona Catalonia Spain, bandleader (married Abbe Lane, Charo)
1901 Christine Wittewaall van Stoetwegen Dutch MP (CDD)
1902 Aldo Graziati Scorze Italy, cinematographer (Othello, Indiscretion, The Wayward Wife)
1902 Buster Nupen cricketer (1-eyed South African quick, great on matting)
1902 Dimiter Nenov composer
1905 Melvin Price (Representative-D-IL, 1945- )
1906 Frank Stack Canada, speed skater (Olympics-bronze-1932)
1907 Erich Schmid composer
1908 Kinue Hitoma Japan, 800m runner (Olympics-silver-1928)
1909 Dana Andrews Collins MS, actor (Battle of the Bulge, Laura)
1909 Barry Goldwater (Senator-R-AZ, 1953-65, 69- )/Presidential candidate (R) 1964)
1909 D D Hindlekar cricketer (Indian batsman and wicket-keeper 1936-46)
1910 Russ Bender actor/writer (Amazing Colossal Man, Space Monster)
1911 Hammerin' Hank Greenberg Hall-of-Fame 1st baseman (Detroit Tiger)
1911 Endre Szervanszky composer
1912 Kim Philby British spy/Soviet mole
1912 Victor Reuther Wheeling WV, labor leader
1913 Eliot Janeway financial writer (Economics of Chaos)
1915 François Bondy writer
1915 Lewis Bingham Keeble town planner
1916 Earl Wrightson Baltimore MD, singer (Paul Whiteman's Goodyear Revue)
1918 Willy den Ouden Dutch swimmer, (WR 100m, 1 04.06)
1919 Bernard Drukker Dutch organist/pianist/orchestra leader (Devil's Wheel)
1919 Carole Landis Fairchild WI, actress (One Million BC, Topper Returns)
1919 J[erome] D[avid] Salinger New York City, NY, novelist (Catcher in the Rye)
1920 Elisabeth Andersen [Anna de Bruyn], Dutch actress (Yerma, Titania)
1920 Roger Peacock writer
1921 Alain Mimoun O'Kacha Algerian/French world cross-country champion (Olympics-gold-1956)
1922 Ernest F Hollings (Senator-D-SC, 1966- )
1923 Chalmers Goodlin US test pilot (XS-1)
1923 Milton Jackson US, vibraphonist (Milt of Bags)
1925 George Conner NFL tackle, linebacker (Chicago Bears)
1925 Valentina Cortesa Milan Italy, actress (Kidnap Syndicate)
1926 Claire Polin [Schaff] composer flautist/musicologist
1927 Barbara Baxley Stockton CA, actress (Norma Rae, Countdown)
1927 Juliusz Luciuk composer
1927 Maurice Béjart France, ballet choreographer (Rite of Spring)
1927 Yuri Grigorovich Leningrad Russia, choreographer
1928 Ernest R Tidyman Ohio, novelist/screenwriter (French Connection)
1928 Khan Mohammad cricketer (Paki fast-med bowler, 54 wickets in 13 Tests)
1929 Holling Gustav Vapor character on Northern Exposure
1930 Gaafar Muhammad Nimeiry Premier/President (Sudan)
1930 Werner Heiden composer
1931 Carel Brons composer
1931 Siddig El Nigoumi ceramicist
1932 Giuseppe Patane Naples Italy, conductor
1932 Arnfried G D P Dutch manufacturer (breadcrumbs)/drugs dealer
1933 Joe Orton England, actor/dramatist (Prick Up Your Ears)
1933 Anders Bo Leif Linde composer
1933 James A Abrahamson USAF/astronaut
1935 Harold Martina Netherlands Antilles, pianist/conductor
1935 Valentin Nikolaevich N Benderov Russia, cosmonaut
1936 Eve Queler New York City NY, conductor
1936 Willye B White US long jumper (Olympics-silver-1956)
1938 Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard Queen of Netherlands (1980- )
1938 Bill Emerson (Representative-R-MO, 1981- )
1940 Frank Langella Bayonne NJ, actor (Dracula, Diary of a Mad Housewife, 12 Chairs)
1940 Jack Kiefer Columbia PA, PGA golfer (1994 Ralphs Senior Classic)
1940 Laszlo Sary composer
1940 Richard Henry Orton composer
1942 Country Joe McDonald California, rock guitarist/vocalist (and the Fish)
1942 Gennadi Vassilyevich Sarafanov USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 15)
1942 George Couroupos composer
1942 Martin Frost (Representative-D-TX, 1971- )
1943 Don Novello [Father Guido Sarducci], Ashtabula OH, comedian (SNL)
1943 Jerilyn Britz Minneapolis MN, LPGA golfer (1979 US Women's Open)
1944 Charlie Davis cricketer (West Indies batsman in 15 Tests 1968-73)
1945 Jacques Ickx Belgium, Le Mans auto race (6-time winner)
1946 Manfred Stengl Austria, 2 man lugist (Olympics-gold-1960)
1946 Rick Hurst Houston TX, actor (Dukes of Hazzard)
1947 Alexei Ivanovich Bobrov Russia, cosmonaut
1947 Gary "BB" Coleman blues vocal/guitarist/producer
1947 Peter Lankhorst Dutch MP (PPR)
1947 Vladimir Georgiyevich Titov Russia, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-8, TM-4, STS 63)
1949 Nikolai Tikhonovich Moskalenko Russia, cosmonaut
1949 Peter Dormer arts writer
1950 Morgan Fisher rock keyboardist (British Lions)
1950 Svetlana Georgievna Beregovkina Russia, cosmonaut
1950 Yevgeni Vladimirovich Saley cosmonaut
1951 Frans Kellendonk author (Ruin, The Good for Nothing)
1951 Jaco Pastorius rocker
1953 Alpha Blondy [Seydou Kone], Ivory coast, reggae singer (Jerusalem)
1953 Kevin Hangon composer
1953 Rochelle S Abramson violinist
1954 Fr David Paris France, rocker
1955 Michael James Sullivan Gary IN, PGA golfer (1980 Southern Open)
1956 Anatoli Borisovich Polonsky Russia, Lieutenant-Colonel/cosmonaut
1956 Sergei Vasiliyevich Avdeyev Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-15, SK TM-28)
1958 Ren Woods Portland Oregon, actress (Fanta-Roots)
1958 Grandmaster Flash [Joseph Saddler], New York City, NY, rocker (Message)
1959 Abdul Ahad Mohmand Afghanistan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6)
1960 Michael David Morrison actor (Caleb Snyder-As the World Turns)
1961 Irv Eatman NFL tackle (Houston Oilers)
1961 Marcia Cross actress (Melrose Place)
1962 Ravshanbek Aliyev Kirgiz, cosmonaut
1963 Glenn Trimble cricketer (son of Sam Two ODI's for Australia 1986)
1963 Lance Smith NFL guard (New York Giants)
1965 Andrew O Valmon Brooklyn NY, 400m runner
1965 DeDee Pfeiffer actress (Cybill)
1965 Harry Galbreath NFL guard (Green Bay Packers)
1965 Mark Dewey US baseball player (Pittsburgh Pirates)
1966 Rawley Valberde Oceanside CA, actor (Amado-Santa Barbara)
1966 Mika Nieminen Tampere Finland, hockey forward (Team Finland, Olympics-bronze-1998)
1967 Andy Heck NFL tackle (Seattle Seahawks, Chicago Bears)
1967 Derrick Thomas NFL linebacker (Kansas City Chiefs)
1968 John de Visser soccer player (SC Heerenveen)
1968 Sandy Beasley Richmond BC, softball outfielder (Olympics-96)
1969 Morris Chestnut actor (Boyz N the Hood)
1969 Reemt Pyka Bremerhaven Germany, hockey forward (Team Germany)
1970 Brian Morton Wollongong Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96)
1970 Tom Sier soccer player (SC Heerenveen)
1970 Vadim Glovatskiy hockey defenseman (Team Kazakhstan Olympics-1998)
1971 Beno Bryant WLAF running back (Amsterdam Admirals)
1971 Bobby Holik Jihlava Czechoslavakia, NHL left wing (New Jersey Devils, Team Czech Rep)
1971 Bridget Pettis WNBA guard (Phoenix Mercury)
1971 Kevin Lee NFL wide receiver (New England Patriots)
1971 Kevin Mitchell NFL linebacker (San Francisco 49ers)
1972 Barron Miles NFL defensive back (Pittsburgh Steelers)/WLAF corner (Frankfurt)
1972 Ivan Droppa hockey defenseman (Team Slovakia 1998)
1973 Clyde Wijnhard soccer player (Ajax, RKC)
1973 Fang Li Hunan China, tennis star (1991 Futures-Bilbao-ESP)
1973 Justin Armour NFL wide receiver (Buffalo Bills)
1973 Mercury Hayes wide receiver (Atlanta Falcons)
1974 Johnie Church NFL defensive end (Seattle Seahawks)
1975 Becky Kellar ice hockey defenseman (Canada, Olympics-98)
1975 Chris Anstey NBA center (Dallas Mavericks)
1986 Alexa Ray Joel daughter of Billy Joel and Christie Brinkley


Deaths which occurred on January 1st:
0379 Basilius the Great of Caesarea, saint (Moralia), dies
0404 Telemachus Roman monk, murdered
0898 Odo Earl of Paris/king of France (888-98), dies at about 39
0962 Boudouin III count of Flanders, dies
1387 Karel de Boze king of Navarra (1349-87), dies
1502 Gregorius XIII [Ugo Buoncampagni], Italy, pope (1572-85), dies
1515 Louis XII Father of People, "the Justified" King of France (1498-1515), dies at 52
1517 Hermann Vischer the Younger, German bronze merchant, dies
1557 Jacques Cartier French explorer (Canada), dies at 65
1559 Christian III king of Denmark/Norway (1534-59), dies
1560 Guillaume du Bellay Sieur de Langey, French soldier, dies
1617 Hendrick Goltzius Dutch painter/cartoonist/engraver, dies
1626 Cornelis Pieterse Hoft Amsterdam merchant/regent, dies at 68
1630 Tetsugen Zen teacher (Jodo sect converted to Obaku Zen), dies
1661 Pieter Claesz Dutch still life painter, dies at about 64
1701 Pietro Sanmartini composer, dies at 64
1716 William Wycherley dramatist (The Country Wife), dies at about 75
1730 Daniel Finch 2nd Earl of Nottingham, dies at 82
1753 Louis-Maurice de La Pierre composer, dies at 55
1758 Johann F von Cronegk German playwright (Codrus), dies at 26
1766 Frans E Jacobus III Old Pretender, king of Great Britain/Ireland, dies
1766 James III Edward Old Pretender/king of Great Britain/Ireland, dies at 77
1768 Jean-Laurent Krafft composer, dies at 73
1777 Emanuele Barbella composer, dies at 58
1780 Johann Ludwig Krebs composer, dies at 66
1782 Johann Christian Bach German composer/Mozart's tutor, dies at 46
1783 Jacobus Enschedé Haarlems printer, dies at 39
1784 Patrice F Earl de Nény South Netherlands Secret Council chairman, dies at 67
1787 Arthur Middleton US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 44
1789 Christleib Siegmund Binder composer, dies at 65
1793 Francesco Guardi Italian painter, dies at 80
1800 Louis J M Daubenton France, zoologist, dies at 83
1816 François Alexander Sallantin composer, dies at 60
1817 Martin H Klaproth German chemist (uranium), dies at 73
1818 Fedele Fenaroli composer, dies at 87
1850 Raphael G Kiesewetter Austria musicologist, dies at 76
1887 Johan Hendrik Koelman portrait painter, dies at 66
1901 Ignatius Donnelly US attorney/Lieutenant-Governor (Minnesota), dies at 69
1906 Joseph Miroslav Weber composer, dies at 51
1907 Cyrill Kistler composer, dies at 58
1919 William W Campbell Canadian poet (Ian of the Orcades), dies at 60
1920 Paul Adam French writer (L'enfant d'Austerlitz), dies at 57
1934 Jakob Wassermann writer, dies at 60
1942 Jaroslav Jezek composer, dies at 35
1944 C T B Turner cricket (17 Tests 1886-95, 101 wicket All time great), dies
1945 Vit Nejedly composer, dies at 33
1948 Hermann K J Zilcher German pianist/composer (Liebesmesse), dies at 66
1948 Willem Louis Frederic Landre composer, dies at 73
1949 Malcolm Campbell English cyclist (world speed-record), dies at 63
1953 Hank Williams country singer (Cold Cold Heart), dies at 29
1953 Ludomir Rózycki Polish composer/conductor (Casanova), dies at 68
1957 Ruth Draper US elocutionist, dies at 67
1958 David Broekman musician (Think Fast), dies at 55
1960 Margaret Sullavan actress (Back Street), overdose at 48
1962 Diego Martínez Barrio Spanish president (1939), dies at 76
1964 Alf Hall cricketer (South African lefty quick took 40 wickets in 7 Tests), dies
1964 Otto Emanuel Olsson composer, dies at 84
1964 Rika Hopper Dutch actress (Comedia, Anastasia), dies at about 86
1965 Gertrude Michael actress (Caged, Cleopatra), dies at 53
1965 Juan Bautista Plaza-Alfonzo composer, dies at 66
1966 Vincent Auriol President of France (1947-53), dies at 82
1967 Maurice Leyland cricketer (41 Tests for England, 2764 runs), dies
1967 Moon Mullican rocker, dies at 58
1969 Barton Maclane actor (General Peterson-I Dream of Jeannie), dies at 68
1972 Jane Morgan actress (Mrs Margaret Davis-Our Miss Brooks), dies at 91
1972 Kenneth Patchen US poet/writer (Cloth of Tempest), dies at 60
1972 Maurice A Chevalier French actor (Can Can, Gigi), dies at 83
1975 Arthur Pierson actor/director (Hat Check Girl), dies at 73
1980 Frank Clifford Wykoff sprinter (Olympics-gold-28, 32, 36), dies at 70
1980 Pietro Nenni Italian politician (Socialists), dies at 88
1982 Victor Buono actor (Mr Schubert-Man from Atlantis), dies at 43
1982 Paul Belmondo French sculptor (Bathing Woman, Orléans), dies at 83
1982 Vladimir K Zworykin Russ/American engineer (cathode-ray tube), dies
1987 Gustav Knuth actor (Heidi, Rats), dies at 85
1988 Leo Steiner New York Carnegie Deli's owner, dies
1990 Charles Boost Dutch film critic, dies at 82
1990 Gerhard Schröder West German minister of Defense, dies at 79
1990 Joe Hardstaff Jr cricketer (23 Tests for England, 1636 runs), dies
1990 Suzuki Sochu Zen teacher (Rinzai line)/abbot of Ryutakuji, dies
1991 Charles B Timmer Dutch writer (Russia Black on White), dies at 83
1991 Yvonne Waegemans Flemish author (Gnome Patjoepelke), dies at 81
1992 Constantin Poustochkine jazz critic, dies
1992 Corky Geil dancer, dies in Long Beach CA at 64
1992 Ginette Leclerc actress (Baker's Wife), dies at 79
1992 Grace Hopper computer scientist, dies at 85
1992 Hette G Abma vicar/Dutch MP (SGP), dies
1992 Mike Frankovich US producer (Guess Who's Coming to Dinner), dies
1993 June Clayworth actress (Bodyguard, Criminal Court), dies of lymphoma
1993 Phyllis Hill actress (Singing in the Dark), dies of lung cancer at 72
1994 Cesar Romero US actor (Joker-Batman), dies at 86
1994 Werner Schwab Austrian playwright (Female Presidents), dies at 35
1995 Eugene Wigner physicist (Nobel prize for physics-1963), dies at 92
1995 Frederick West English contractor/serial killer, commits suicide at 53
1995 Jess Stacy US jazz pianist (Great Gatsby), dies at 90
1995 Ted Hawkins US blues singer (Watch Your Step), dies at 58
1996 Arleigh Albert Burke British Admiral, dies at 94
1996 Arthur Rudolph rocket Engineer, dies at 89
1996 Hamish Imlach folk singer/comic, dies at 55
1997 Graham Kersey cricket wicket keeper, dies in car crash
1997 Joan Rice actress (Payroll, Steel Key, Curtain Up), dies at 66
1997 John Burgess rugby administrator, dies at 71
1997 Townes Van Zandt musician, dies at 52
1998 Helen Wills Moody Roark tennis ace (31 Grand Slams), dies at 92

Golden Link 1/ On this day 1st January

Golden Link 2/ On this day 1st January

Golden Link 3/ On this day 1st January