20th February, on this day

1431 Pope Martin V ends papacy
1472 Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a dowry payment.
1525 Swiss and German mercenaries desert François I's army
1547 King Edward VI of England was enthroned following death of Henry VIII
1653 Defeat of Dutch fleet under Admiral Van Tromp by Admiral Blake off Portsmouth
1673 1st recorded wine auction held (London)
1725 10 sleeping Indians scalped by whites in New Hampshire for £100/scalp bounty
1737 French minister of Finance, Chauvelin, resigns
1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Fort August, Scotland
1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Castle of Inverness
1768 1st American chartered fire insurance company receives charter (Pennsylvania)
1780 Battle of Fort Charlotte two-week siege conducted by Spanish General Bernardo de Gálvez against the British
1809 Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state
1811 Austria declares bankruptcy
1816 Rossini's opera "The Barber of Seville" premieres in Rome
1823 English Captain James Weddell reaches 74º 15' S, 1520 km from South Pol
1827 Battle of Ituzaingó part of the Argentina-Brazil War
1831 Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow
1832 Charles Darwin visits Fernando Noronha in Atlantic Ocean
1835 Concepción, Chile destroyed by earthquake
1839 Congress prohibits dueling in District of Columbia
1846 British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore
1856 John Rutledge, Liverpool-New York steamer, hits iceberg; many die
1861 Dept of Navy of Confederacy forms
1861 Steeple of Chichester Cathedral blown down during a storm
1862 Battle of Valverde a major confederate success
1864 Battle of Olustee, Florida
1869 Tennessee Governor W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
1872 Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin
1872 Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags
1872 Metropolitan Museum of Art opens (New York NY)
1872 Silas Noble and JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine
1877 1st cantilever bridge in US completed, Harrodsburg, KY
1878 Pope Leo XIII becomes pope
1887 Germany, Austria-Hungary and France end Triple Alliance
1890 Amsterdam Theater destroyed by fire
1892 First performance of Oscar Wilde's play 'Lady Windermere's Fan'
1905 Battle of Mukden between Japanese and Russians. Japanese capture the city of Mukden - an important strategic area of Manchuria. Battle lasts until March 10
1909 Publication of the Futurist Manifesto in the French journal Le Figaro
1913 King O'Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Canberra.
1913 Battle of Bizani was an action in the Balkan Wars
1915 Panamá-Pacific International Exposition opens in San Francisco
1917 Ammunitions ship explodes in Archangelsk,Russia harbour, about 1,500 die
1919 French premier Clemenceau injured during assassination attempt
1921 Riza Khan Pahlevi seizes control of Iran
1922 Vilnius, Lithuania, agrees to separate from Poland
1929 American Samoa organized as a territory of US
1932 Japanese troops occupy Tunhua, China
1933 House of Representatives completes congressional action to repeal Prohibition
1935 Karoline Mikkelson is 1st woman on Antarctica
1937 1st automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica CA
1938 UK Foreign Secretary Eden resigns, says PM Chamberlain appeased Germany
1941 Nazis order Polish Jews barred from using public transportation
1941 1st transport of Jews to concentration camps leave Plotsk, Poland
1941 German and British troops confront each other for the first time in Africa -- at El Agheila in western Libya.
1942 Lieutenant E O'Hare single-handedly shoots down 5 Japanese heavy bombers
1942 Japanese troops cross the important Salween River in Burma.
1942 Japanese invade Bali and Timor by a combined use of paratroops and amphibious troops.
1943 New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer's corn patch (México)
1944 Batman and Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers
1947 State of Prussia ceases to exist
1947 Chemical mixing error causes explosion that destroys 42 blocks in Los Angeles
1947 Lord Mountbatten appointed as last viceroy of India
1948 Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns
1949 1st International Pancake Race held (Liberal KS)
1950 Dylan Thomas arrives in New York NY for his 1st US poetry reading tour
1954 General Zahedi wins election in Persia
1962 John Glenn is 1st American to orbit Earth (Friendship 7)
1965 Beatles record "That Means a Lot"
1965 Ranger 8 makes hard landing on the Moon, returns photos, other data
1965 Turkish government of Uergüplü forms
1966 Author Valery Tarsis banished in USSR
1968 State troopers used tear gas to stop demonstration at Alcorn A & M
1968 John Cleese (Monty Python) marries Connie Booth
1971 National Emergency Center erroneously orders US radio and TV stations to go off the air; The mistake wasn't resolved for 30 minutes
1971 Major General Idi Amin Dada appoints himself President of Uganda
1974 Cher files for separation from husband Sonny Bono
1975 Margaret Thatcher elected leader of British Conservative Party
1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR
1978 Egypt announces it is pulling its diplomats out of Cyprus
1980 Actress Susan Dey of "LA Law" weds producer Bernard Sofronski
1983 Japan launches Tenma satellite to study x-rays (450/570 km)
1985 Ireland legalises the sale and use of contraceptives
1985 After defending his WBC flyweight championship, Sot Chitalada's check for $104,000 is stolen by a ringside pickpocket
1987 Bomb blamed on Unabomber explodes by computer store in Salt Lake City
1988 500 die in heavy rains in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
1988 Peter Kalikow purchases New York Post from Rupert Murdoch for $37.6 million
1989 Total eclipse of the Moon
1992 Aerolíneas Argentinas Flight 386 - shrimp contaminated with cholera was distributed on the flight
1992 Ross Perot says he'll run for President on Larry King Show
1994 3 Afghans take 70 Pakistani children hostage
1994 Pope John Paul II demands juristic discrimination of homosexuals
1997 In Britain, three men are released from prison after wrongly serving 18 years for the murder of Midland schoolboy Carl Bridgewater
1998 UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan lands in Baghdad, for peace negotiations

2002 In Reqa Al-Gharbiya, Egypt, a fire on a train injures over 65 and kills at least 370.
2005 Spain becomes the first country to vote in a referendum on ratification of the proposed Constitution of the European Union, passing it by a substantial margin, but on a low turnout.

20th February 2006

Many die in fresh Iraq bombings

Churches urged to back evolution

Al-Qaeda 'will use cartoon row'

20th February 2007

Iran defiant on nuclear plans

Heavy shelling in Somali capital

New footage of JFK's last moments

20th February 2008

Iraqi police detain street people

Obama extends lead over Clinton

China hits back over Olympics row

20th February 2009

Pakistan funeral bomb 'kills 25'

Tamil Tiger planes raid Colombo

Fears send stocks falling

20th February 2010

Madeira flood and mudslides kill 32

Pakistan air strike 'kills 30'

Rwandan capital hit by deadly grenade attacks

Birthdates which occurred on 20th February :

1494 Johan Friis chancellor (Denmark, helped establish Lutheranism)
1507 Gentile Bellini Italian artist (Sultan Mohammed II)
1523 Jan Blahoslav Czechoslovakian humanist/bishop (Bohemian brothers)
1632 Thomas Osborne Duke of Leeds, English PM (1690-94)/founder (Tories)
1633 Jan de Baen portrait painter/etcher
1656 Johannes Schenck German/Netherlands composer, baptised
1734 Franz Ignaz Beck composer
1745 Johann Peter Salomon composer
1751 Johann Heinrich Voß writer, poet, translator
1752 Charles Broche composer
1763 Adalbert Gyrowetz composer
1770 Ferdinando Carulli composer
1784 Adam Black Edinburgh Scotland, politician/publisher
1790 Joseph II Emperor of the Holy Roman empire, dies
1791 Carl Czerny Vienna Austria, pianist/composer (Schule der Virtuosen)
1796 Eduard W van Dam van Isselt Dutch military/liberal politician
1802 Charles-Auguste de Beriot Belgian violinist/composer
1803 Friedrich Theodor Frohlich composer
1805 Angelina Grimke reformer/abolitionist/politician/lawyer
1808 Daumier Marseilles France, artist
1809 Albertus J Duymaer van Twist Governor-General of Netherlands-Indies
1809 Henry Walton Wessells Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1889
1816 Josef Michal Ksawery Jan Poniatowski composer
1820 Mahlon Dickerson Manson Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
1827 Edward Stuyvesant Bragg Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1912
1835 Allessandro d'Ancona Italian philologist
1838 James Barbour Terrill Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
1844 Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann Austria, physicist (statistical mechanics)
1844 Mihály von Munkácsy [Michael von Lieb], Hungarian painter
1852 Nikolai Garin [Michailovski] Russian author (Tjoma Kartashov)
1854 Louis F M van Westerhoven actor/singer/opera director (Youth)
1861 Nicolaas van Meeteren Curaçao, folklorist
1870 Pieter Cornelis Boutens Holland, mystic poet/scholar (Verzen)
1874 Mary Garden Aberdeen Scotland, opera star
1876 Fyodor Akimenko composer
1881 Pedro Muñoz Seca Spanish playwright (Vengeanza de Don Mendo)
1883 Shiga Naoya Japan, novelist (Road Through the Dark Night)
1886 Béla Kun Czehul Romania, head of Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919)
1887 Hesketh Pearson England, biographer/playwright (Writ for Libel)
1887 David McKinley Williams composer
1888 Dame Marie Rambert Warsaw, English ballet producer/director/teacher
1888 Georges Bernanos France, novelist (Diary of a Country Priest)
1889 Levko Mykolayevich Revutsky composer
1893 Russel Crouse journalist/novelist/playwright (Life with Father)
1895 Freida Geiken autobiographer (National Historic Taping)
1896 Henri de Lubac French theologist/anti-fascist
1897 Ivan Albright Illinois, painter (The Door, The Window)
1898 Enzo Ferrari Modena Italy, racing car manufacturer (Ferrari)
1899 Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney Long Island NY, railroad tycoon
1899 Leon Woizikowski Polish dancer/ballet master (Ballets Russes)
19-- Claudette Wells St Louis MO, actress (Square Pegs)
1900 Graham Spry St Thomas Ontario, Canadian radio pioneer
1900 Antonio Veretti composer
1900 Jean Negulesco
1901 Louis I Kahn Estonia, architect (Bryn Mawr dormitory)
1901 Ali Muhammad Naguib Khartoum, President of Egypt (1952-54)
1901 Cecil H King Irish/British daily newspaper publisher (Daily Mirror)
1901 Henry Eyring Mexican/US chemist
1901 René Jules Dubos France, US microbiologist/environmentalist/author (Health & Disease)
1902 Ansel Adams photographer (1966 ASMP Award)
1903 Ella Maillart explorer
1903 Karel Janacek composer
1903 Pierre Charles Belgian heavyweight boxer
1904 Aleksei N Kosygin Soviet premier (1964-80)
1904 Armin Loos composer
1904 Bramwell Fletcher Yorkshire England, actor (White Cargo, Mummy)
1905 Jascha Golowanjuk Swedish writer (Acrobat)
1907 Malcolm Atterbury Philadelphia PA, actor (Jonas-Thicker than Water, Apples Way)
1907 Nadine Conner California, soprano (Carmen, Pamina-Magic Flute)
1907 Owain Jenkins company director
1908 Grigori Yakovlevich Bakhchivangi test pilot (BI-1)
1908 Rosalind Laura Burke aviatrix
1910 Julian Trevelyan English Surrealist painter/collage maker
1911 Robert Guyn McBride Tucson AZ, composer (Mexican Rhapsody)
1911 Margot Grahame
1913 Jozef Kresanek composer
1913 Mary Durack poet
1913 Nadine Conner US, opera singer (Carmen, La Bohéme)
1913 Rex Tucker TV writer/director
1914 John Daly South Africa, newscaster/TV game show host (What's My Line)
1914 Marion Kettlewell British director (WRNS)
1914 Willem J H Baart Dutch vicar (Cuentanan di Nanzi)
1915 Philip Friend Horsham England, actor (Vulture, Fur Collar)
1916 Paul Tripp New York NY, TV host (Mr I Magination)
1916 Julius Juzeliunas composer
1917 Frederick Page CEO (British Aerospace Aircraft Group)
1920 Armin Schibler Dutch Swiss composer (Devil in the Winter Palace)
1920 Liesbeth Tonckens [Wilhelmina], actress/lecturer (Free People)
1921 Joseph Albert Walker Washington DC, test pilot (X-15)
1921 Nurv Shiner singer
1921 Ruth Gipps British conductor/composer
1923 Forbes Burnham premier Guyana (1964-85)
1924 Gloria Vanderbilt don't my jeans look great, poor little rich girl
1925 Alex La Guma Cape Town South Africa, novelist (A Walk in the Night)
1925 Pramudya Ananta Tur Javanese author (Anak semua bangsa)
1925 Robert Altman Kansas City MO, director (Nashville, MASH)
1926 Cameron Rusby British Vice-Admiral
1926 Edgar Meuli cricketer (opened New Zealand batting in Test vs South Africa 1953)
1926 Kenneth H Olsen US, engineer/founder (Digital Equipment Corp)
1926 Robert Eugene Richards Illinois, pole vaulter (Olympics-gold-48, 52, 56)
1927 Sidney Poitier Miami FL, actor (Porgy & Bess, A Raisin in the Sun, Guess Who's Coming To Dinner)
1927 Roy Cohn lawyer, "grand inquisitor" (for Senator Joseph McCarthy)
1928 Elroy Face baseball pitcher (Pittsburgh Pirates)
1928 Donald Longmore British cardiac surgeon
1929 Toshiro Mayuzumi Yokohama Japan, composer (Sphenogramme)
1929 Amanda Blake [Beverly Louise Neill], Buffalo NY, actress (Kitty Russell-Gunsmoke)
1930 Bill Walker British MP
1930 Patricia Smith New Haven CT, actress (Bob Newhart Show, Into Thin Air)
1933 Hannes Postma Dutch graphic artist
1934 Bobby Unser auto racer (1968, 75, 81 Indianapolis 500)
1934 Lady Wharton
1936 Larry Hovis Wapito WA, comedian (Gomer Pyle, Hogan's Heroes)
1936 Marj Dusay [Mahoney] Russell KS, actress (Kate-Bret Maverick, Alex-Guiding Light, Myrna-Capitol)
1936 Roy Beggs British MP
1937 David Ackles Illinois, singer/songwriter (American Gothic)
1937 Nancy Wilson Chillicothe OH, jazz singer (Feel Like Making Love)
1937 Robert Huber München, Germany, biochemist (Nobel 1988)
1937 Roger Penske auto racer
1938 Jack Bicknell WLAF head coach (Barcelona Dragons)
1938 Mona Mitchell Lady-in-Waiting to Princess Alexandra
1939 Roy George Elroy Josephs jazz dance teacher
1940 Christoph Eschenbach Breslau Germany, pianist/conductor
1940 Barbara Laine Ellis Olympia WA, singer (Fleetwoods)
1940 Jimmy Greaves British broadcaster/soccer player
1940 RA Weiss director (Institute of Cancer Research)
1940 V Payne British headmistress (Malvern Girls' College)
1941 Buffy Sainte-Marie Maine, folksinger (Now That the Buffalo Are Gone)
1942 Charlie Gillett Lancashire, rock broadcaster (Sound of the City)
1942 Phil Esposito NHL player/coach/GM (Bruins, Rangers)
1942 Claude Miller director (Garde a Vue, Little Thief, Wild Child)
1942 David O'Dowd Chief Constable (Northamptonshire)
1942 Mitch McConnell (Senator-R-KY, 1985- )
1943 Aleksandr Pavlovich Alexandrov Russian, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-9, TM-3)
1943 Antonio Inoki [Kanji Rikidozan], wrestler (NJPW/JWA)
1943 Lord McNally
1943 Mike Leigh dramatist/director (High Hopes, Secrets & Lies)
1944 Lew Soloff Brooklyn NY, rocker (Blood Sweat & Tears)
1944 Roger Knapman British MP
1944 Willem van Hanegem Dutch soccer champion/coach (Feyenoord)
1945 Alan Hull singer/composer
1945 Andrew Bergman director/screenwriter (Soapdish, Honeymoon in Vegas)
1945 Henry Polic II Pittsburgh PA, actor (When Things Were Rotten, Webster)
1946 Sandy Duncan Henderson TX, actress (Hogan Family, Pinocchio, Who's Afraid of Virginia Wolfe?)
1946 Brenda Blethyn actress (Secrets & Lies)
1946 J[erome] Geils New York NY, rock guitarist/vocalist (J Geils Band-Freeze-Frame, Centerfold)
1946 Mieke H A Boers-Wijnberg Dutch MP (CDA)
1947 Jennifer O'Neill Rio de Janeiro Brazil, actress (Summer of '42)
1947 Peter Strauss Croton-on-Hudson NY, actor (Rich Man Poor Man, Secret of NIMH, Space Hunter)
1947 André van Duin [Kyvon], Dutch entertainer (Bloemkoole)
1948 A C Fabian astronomer
1948 Barry Wordsworth conductor
1948 Billy Zoom musician
1948 Gerda Boykin LPGA golfer
1948 John Browne group chief executive, British Petroleum Company
1949 Eddie Hemmings cricket off-spinner (immense England)
1949 Ivana Trump Gottwaldov Czechoslovakia, ex-wife of Donald Trump (1st Wives Club)
1950 John Voldstad Oslo Norway, actor (Darryl-Newhart)
1950 Walter Becker New York NY, rock bassist (Steely Dan-Peg)
1951 Edward Albert Los Angeles CA, actor (Jeff-Falcon Crest, Butterflies are Free)
1951 Bonnie Lauer LPGA golfer
1951 Gordon Brown British MP
1951 Kathy Baillie Morristown NJ, country vocalist (Baillie and the Boys-Oh Heart)
1951 Phil Neal English soccer player
1951 Randy California [Wolfe], Los Angeles CA, guitarist (Spirit-I Got a Line on You)
1952 Catherine Cummins Clintwood VA, 1st of 5 siblings born on 2/20
1953 Carol Cummins Clintwood VA, 2nd of 5 siblings born on 2/20
1953 Riccardo Chailly Milan Italy, conductor (West Berlin Symphony Orchestra)
1954 Patty Hearst Shaw San Francisco CA, famous kidnap hostage (Tanya)
1954 Anthony Stewart Head actor (Buffy Vampire Slayer)
1954 Jon Brant rock bassist (Cheap Trick)
1954 Vasili Vasilyevich Tsibliyev Russian colonel/cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-17, TM-25)
1955 Kelsey Grammer St Thomas Virgin Islands, actor (Fraiser Crane-Cheers/Fraiser)
1956 Charles Cummins Clintwood VA, 3rd of 5 siblings born on 2/20
1958 Carol Ficatier Auscene France, playmate (December, 1985)
1958 James Wilby Burma, actor (Howards End, Maurice)
1959 Bill Gullickson US baseball pitcher (Detroit Tigers)
1959 Joel Rifkind New York serial killer
1959 Scott Evans Brayton racing car driver
1960 Mark Reilly [Matt Bianco], rocker (Indio-Big Harvest)
1960 Kee Marcello rocker (Europe-Final Countdown)
1961 Claudia Cummins Clintwood VA, 4th of 5 siblings born on 2/20
1961 Imogen Stubbs Rothbury England, actress (Summer Story)
1961 Steve Lundquist US swimmer (Olympics-2 gold-1984)
1962 Adam Schreiber NFL center/guard (Atlanta Falcons, New York Giants)
1962 Joel Ellis rocker
1962 Ria Coyne Scranton PA, comedienne (Betsy-Batman Forever)
1963 Charles Barkley Leads AL, NBA forward (Houston Rockets, Phoenix Suns, Philadelphia 76ers, Olympics-gold-96, All Star 1987-90)
1963 Ian Brown English rock vocalist (Stone Roses-Made of Stone)
1963 William Baldwin New York, actor (Backdraft, Sliver, Flatliners)
1964 Christian Ruuttu Lappeenranta Finland, hockey forward (Team Finland)
1964 French Stewart New Mexico, actor (Harry Solomon-Third Rock From the Sun)
1964 Jeffrey Allan Maggert Columbia MO, PGA golfer (1993 Walt Disney)
1964 Terry Ilous rock vocalist (XYZ, Cannibal Jacket)
1965 Federica Moro Carate Brianza Italy, Miss Italy (1982)
1966 Cecilia Cummins Clintwood VA, 5th of 5 siblings born on 2/20
1966 Cindy Crawford Dekalb IL, super model (Sports Illustrated Swimsuit)
1966 Britt Hager NFL linebacker (Denver Broncos, St Louis Rams)
1966 Dennis Allen Mitchell Cherry Point NC, 100 meter/200 meter (Olympics-silver-96)
1966 Derek Lilliquist US baseball pitcher (Cleveland Indians, Atlanta Braves)
1967 Rebekka Lynn Armstrong Bakersfield CA, playmate (September 1986)
1967 Andrew Shue South Orange NJ, actor (Billy-Melrose Place)
1967 Broderick Thomas NFL linebacker (Tampa Bay Buccaneers, Minnesota Vikings, Dallas Cowboys)
1967 Chris Singleton NFL linebacker (Miami Dolphins)
1967 Kurt Cobain rock vocalist (Nirvana)/husband of Courtney Love
1967 Kurt Knudsen US baseball pitcher (Detroit Tigers)
1967 Lili Taylor actress (Ransom, Short Cuts)
1967 Theresa Luke Vancouver British Columbia, rower (Olympics-96)
1967 Tom Waddle NFL player (Chicago Bears/Cincinnati Bengals)
1968 Lorraine Olivia Geneva IL, playmate (November 1990)
1968 Bennie Goods CFL defensive tackle (Edmonton Eskimos)
1969 [Touchdown] Tommy Vardell NFL running back (Cleveland Browns, Detroit Lions)
1970 Bryan Robinson defensive end (St Louis Rams)
1970 Cheyenne Brando Papeete Tahiti, daughter of Marlon
1970 Jeff Robinson NFL defensive end (Denver Broncos, St Louis Rams)
1970 Leo Stefan Chelyabinsk Russia, hockey forward (Team Germany)
1971 Jari Litmanen soccer player (Ajax)
1971 Shalanda Burt US murderess
1972 Corinna Harney Bremerhaven Germany, playmate (August 1991)
1972 Tom Gough 200½ lbs (91 kg) US weightlifter (Olympics-14th-1996)
1973 Vladimir Iiic WLAF defensive end (Barcelona Dragons, Rhein Fire)
1974 Katerina Kroupova Olomouc Czechoslovakia, tennis star (1994 Futures-Sofia-Bulgaria)
1975 Brendan Witt Humboldt, NHL defenseman (Washington Capitals)
1975 Brian Littrell singer (Backstreet Boys)
1975 Ismael Kirui Marakwet Kenya, 5k runner
1976 Dave Scatchard Hinton Alberta Canada, NHL center (New York Islanders, Vancouver Canucks)
1977 Sarah Ryan Adelaide Australia, swimmer (Olympics-96)
1977 Stephon Marbury NBA guard (Minnesota Timberwolves)
1977 Veronica Ledesma Miss Argentina-Universe (1996)
1978 Andrea Moody Abbotsford British Columbia, 4X100 swimmer (Olympics-96)


Deaths which occurred on February 20th:
1054 Yaroslav I the Wise, ruler (Kiev), dies
1194 Tancredo of Lecce King of Sicily, dies
1431 Martinus V [Oddo Colonna], Italian Pope, dies
1569 Mark van Vaernewijck Flemish nobleman/politician, dies at 50
1595 Ernst archduke of Austria, dies at 41
1626 John Dowland composer, dies
1628 Gregor Aichinger German composer/organist, dies at about 63
1656 James Ussher Irish bible scholar/Anglican archbishop, dies at 76
1667 David ben Samuel Halevi rabbi/author (Shulchan Aruch), dies
1707 Aurangzeb Mogul emperor of India (1658-1707), dies
1731 Frederich Karl Erbach composer, dies at 50
1737 Elizabeth Rowe poet, dies
1746 Guillaume Coustou Sr French sculptor (Mary Leszczynska), dies at 68
1773 Charles Emanuel I King of Sardinia/Duke of Savoy (CE III), dies at 71
1786 Johann Wolfgang Kleinknecht composer, dies at 70
1788 Gijsbert John van Hardenbroeck Dutch regent (Utrecht), dies at 68
1790 Joseph II Emperor of Holy Roman empire, dies at 48
1809 Johann Joseph Emmert composer, dies at 76
1810 Andreas Hofer military leader (fought Napoleon's France), executed at 42
1810 Johann Friedrich Kranz composer, dies at 57
1817 Martin de Ron composer, dies at 27
1845 Pavel Ivanovich Dulgorukov composer, dies at 57
1848 [Willem] Alexander prince of Netherlands/General-Major, dies at 29
1851 Josef Alois Ladurner composer, dies at 81
1855 Joseph Hume social reformer, dies
1860 Henry Drummond English banker/religious leader, dies at 69
1892 Hermann Kopp German chemist (Law of Kopp), dies at 74
1895 Frederick Douglass escaped slave, anti-slavery leader, dies at 78
1904 Gustav Adolf Heinze composer, dies at 83
1907 [Ferdinand-Frederic-]Henri Moissan chemist (Nobel 1906), dies at 54
1910 Boetros Ghali Egyptian premier, murdered
1911 Alexander Alexandrovich Kopilov composer, dies at 56
1911 Peter Nicolai von Wilm composer, dies at 76
1916 Klas Pontus Arnoldson Swedish politician (Nobel 1908), dies at 71
1920 Robert E Peary US pole explorer (North Pole, 6/4/1909), dies at 63
1936 John Hope president of Atlanta University, dies at 67
1937 "Barlow" Carkeek Australia cricket wicketkeeper (1912 series), dies
1942 Guido Gasperini composer, dies at 76
1946 Hugh Allen musician, dies
1951 Howard Brockway composer, dies at 80
1958 Thurston Hall actor (Mr Schuyler-Topper), dies at 75
1959 Ray McDonald dancer, dies of barbiturate overdose at 38
1960 Leonard Woolley archaeologist, dies
1961 Otto E Huiswoud [Frank Billings], editor (Negro Worker), dies at 67
1961 Percy Aldridge Grainger Australian/US composer/pianist, dies at 78
1962 Halliwell Hobbes dies at 64
1964 R T Stanyforth English cricket wicketkeeper (South Africa 1927-28), dies
1966 Chester W Nimitz US Admiral (WWII), dies at 80
1968 Anthony Asquith dies
1969 Ernest Ansermet Swiss conductor/composer, dies at 85
1969 Jack Ingram actor (Law of the West), dies of heart attack at 66
1970 Albert Louis Wolff composer, dies at 86
1972 Herbert Menges composer, dies at 69
1972 Walter Winchell writer/actor (Dondi, Love & Hisses), dies at 74
1973 Brigitte Reimann writer, dies at 39
1973 Joseph Szigeti Hungarian/US violinist, dies at 80
1973 Maurice Dallimore actor (Collector), dies at 60
1974 David Monrad Johansen composer, dies at 85
1975 Edgar "Cookie" Fairchild bandleader (Jerry Colonna Show), dies at 76
1975 Robert Strauss actor (Sergeant Gruzewsky-Mona McCluskey), dies at 61
1975 Lillian Fontaine actress (Suddenly it's Spring), dies at 88
1976 Kathryn Kuhlman religious leader/faith healer, dies
1978 Vitorino Nemésio Portuguese author (Presença), dies at 76
1980 Alice Lee Roosevelt Longworth eldest daughter of Theodore Roosevelt, dies in Washington DC at 96
1983 James G Richardson (Tim Cassidy-Sierra), dies at 37 in ski accident
1983 Ray Vitte actor (Doc, Cody-Quest), killed by police at 33
1984 Fikret Dzhamil Amirov composer, dies at 61
1985 Clarence Nash voice of Donald Duck, dies at 80 of leukemia, in California
1986 Francisco Paolo Mignone composer, dies at 88
1986 Jacobus G Rietkerk Dutch foreign minister (VVD), dies at 58
1987 Ivan Brkanovic composer, dies at 80
1992 Andrew Schenck conductor, dies of melanoma at 51
1992 Dick York actor (Bewitched), dies of emphysema at 63
1992 Joan Dixon actress (Hot Lead, Bunco Squad, Gunplay), dies at 66
1993 Ferruccio Lamborghini Italian auto-designer (Lamborghini), dies at 76
1994 Derek Jarman English director (Last of England), dies at 52
1994 Manuel F "Garincha" dos Santos soccer player (Brazil), dies at 49
1995 John Humphreys Whitfield Italianist, dies at 88
1995 Shlomo Averbach Rabbi, buried in Jerusalem, 250,000 attend
1996 Jeffrey Kindersley Quill Test pilot, dies at 83
1996 Michael Herford Wooller TV/film producer, dies at 69
1996 Toru Takemitsu composer, dies at 65
1996 Walter Charles Marshall scientist, dies at 63

Golden Link 1/ On this day 20th February

Golden Link 2/ On this day 20th February

Golden Link 3/ On this day 20th February