27th December, on this day

0418 Etalius begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1437 Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes king of Bohemia
1521 "Zwickauer profeten" appear in Wittenberg
1679 Dutch troops capture Madurees prince Trunudjojo in Java
1703 England and Portugal sign Methuen-Asiento-trade agreement
1741 Prussian forces took Olmutz, Czechoslovakia
1825 1st public railroad using steam locomotive completed in England
1831 English naturalist Charles Darwin sets sail on his scientific voyage of discovery to South America on board his ship, HMS Beagle
1836 At least 8 people are killed in Britain's worst avalanche disaster at Lewes in Sussex
1845 Ether 1st used in childbirth in US, Jefferson GA
1862 Battle of Chickasaw Bluffs MS (Chickasaw Bayou)
1862 Battle of Elizabethtown, KY
1867 Ontario and Québec legislatures hold 1st meeting
1871 World's 1st cat show (Crystal Palace, London)
1884 Netherlands recognizes king Leopold II's Congo Free State
1892 Foundation Stone of the Cathedral of St John laid (New York NY)
1900 Carrie Nation's 1st public smashing of a bar (Hotel Carry Annex Bar, Wichita KS)
1903 "Sweet Adeline", a barbershop quartet favorite, is 1st sung
1904 Duke of York Theatre introduces J.M Barrie's play, "Peter Pan"
1923 Unsuccessful attempt on prince-regent Hirohito of Japan
1927 Stalin's faction wins All-Union Congress in USSR, 1927. Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Comminist Party
1927 Jerome Kern/Oscar Hammerstein II's "Show Boat" premieres at the Ziegfeld Theater (New York NY)
1932 Radio City Music Hall opens (New York NY)
1934 1st youth hostel in US opens (Northfield MA)
1934 Shah of Persia declares Persia now Iran
1937 German immigration officials with no explanation bar Juan Carlos Zabala (Argentina), 1932 Olympic marathon champion, from entering Germany
1937 Mae West performs Adam and Eve skit that gets her banned from NBC radio
1939 1st American skimobiles (North Conwa, NH)
1939 The first Indian troops arrive in France
1939 8.0 Earthquake in Erzincam, Turkey, about 50,000 die
1941 Japan bombs Manila even though it was declared an "open city"
1941 British Commandos raid the Norwegian port of Vaagso, causing Hitler to reinforce the garrison and defences.
1941 Siberia: Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 7th Symphony
1942 1st Japanese women camp (Ambarawa) goes into use
1943 France transfers most of her powers in Lebanon to Lebanese government
1943 Montgomery discusses Overlord with Eisenhower and Bedell Smith
1944 Greece: British premier Churchill flies back to London
1945 International Monetary Fund established - World Bank founded
1949 Queen Juliana (Netherlands) grants sovereignty to Indonesia
1960 France performs nuclear test
1965 13 are killed when the 5,600 tonne oil rig Sea Gem capsises in the North Sea
1968 Apollo 8 returns to Earth
1968 China People's Republic performs nuclear test at Lop Nor People's Rebublic of China
1970 "Hello, Dolly!" closes at St James Theater NYC after 2,844 performances
1972 New North Korean constitution comes into effect
1972 Belgium recognizes German Democratic Republic
1974 FSLN (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional/Sandinista National Liberation Front) seizes government hostages at a private Managua party
1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR
1975 Sex Discrimination and Equal Pay Acts come into effect in Britain
1975 Explosion at Chasnala Colliery collapses drowning 350 (Dhanbad India)
1976 Albania constitution goes into effect
1978 Spain adopts a new constitution and becomes a democracy after 40 years of dictatorship under General Franco
1979 "Knots Landing" premieres on CBS-TV
1979 Soviet troops invade Afghánistán, President Hafizullah Amin overthrown
1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR
1983 Propane gas fire devastated 16 square blocks of Buffalo NY. Five firefighters and two civilians die
1983 Pope John Paul II pardons man who shot him (Mehmet Ali Agca)
1985 Terrorists kill 20 and wound 110 attacking El Al at Rome and Vienna airports; President Reagan blamed Libyan leader Colonel Muammar Qaddafi
1985 American naturalist Dian Fossey is found murdered in Rwanda.
1987 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR
1988 At least 200 people die when Bangladesh's ferry, the Haisal, sinks after a collision with a cargo vessel
1988 Bulgaria stops jamming Radio Free Europe after more than 3 decades
1991 Both engines of SAS Flight 751, an MD-81, fail shortly after takeoff from Stockholm, Sweden. The pilots successfully make an emergency landing in a nearby field, injuring 25 passengers but incurring not a single fatality.
1992 Harry Connick Jr is caught with 9mm gun in New York's JFK airport
1993 Actress Teri Garr (44) weds John O'Neil (42)
1996 Taliban forces retake the strategic Bagram air base which solidifies their buffer zone around Kabul.
1997 Protestant paramilitary leader Billy Wright is assassinated in Northern Ireland.
2001 The People's Republic of China is granted permanent normal trade relations with the United States.
2002 Two truck bombs kill 72 and wound 200 at the pro-Moscow headquarters of the Chechen government in Grozny, Chechnya

27th December 2005

Poland postpones Iraq withdrawal

Russia closer to controlling NGOs

Japan backs gender equality plan

27th December 2006

Bush pays tribute to Gerald Ford

Mumbai residents go without water

Space telescope to hunt planets

27th December 2007

Benazir Bhutto killed in attack

US 'kills 11 militants' in Iraq

Diplomats expelled by Afghanistan

27th December 2008

Massive Israeli air raids on Gaza

Many killed by Baghdad car bomb

Dozens killed in China accidents

27th December 2009

Iran protesters killed, including Mousavi's nephew

Blast in Pakistan kills 5

Philippines ferry tragedy 25 dead

Birthdates which occurred on 27th December :

1555 Johann Arndt German Lutherian theologist
1571 Johann Kepler Württemberg Germany, astronomer (elliptical orbits)
1645 Giovanni Adb Viscardi Swiss architect, baptized
1654 Jean/Jacobus Bernoulli Swiss mathematician
1709 Pieter de Swart Dutch architect (Royal Palace, Hague)
1721 Franciscus "French" Hemsterhuis Frisian philosopher
1748 William Marshall composer
1752 Johann Georg Anton Mederitsch-Gallus composer
1755 Antons Klemens Theodor king of Saksen (1827-36)
1761 Michael A Barclay de Tolly Scottish/Russian minister of War
1773 George Cayley England, found science of aerodynamics
1800 John Goss composer
1801 Guillaume L Baud Dutch minister of Colonies (1848-49)
1802 Thomas Fearnley Norway, landscape painter
1803 John ACA van Nispen Sevenaer Member of Dutch 2nd parliament (1848-75)
1814 James Henry Carleton Brevet Major General (Union Army), died in 1873
1816 Eliakim Parker Scammon Brigadier-General (Union volunteers), died in 1894
1822 Louis Pasteur Dole France, bacteriologist (pasteurization)
1822 John Roberts composer
1825 Reinhold Finsterbusch composer
1829 James Clay Rice Brigadier-General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
1831 Lucius Fairchild Brigadier-General (Union volunteers), died in 1896
1836 Henricus Oort Dutch theologist (Leidse translation)
1845 Augusto de Oliviera Machado composer
1852 Dom Joâo G da Câmara Portuguese journalist/songwriter
1855 Paul Ehrenreich German etnologist/mythologist
1856 Andre Gedalge composer
1859 William Henry Hadow composer
1869 Aurélien FM Lugné-Poe French actor/stage manager (La Parade)
1879 Sydney Greenstreet Sandwich England, actor (Maltese Falcon)
1879 Robert Greig Australia, actor (Horse Feathers)
1884 Bernard van Dieren composer
1890 Maurice Schoemaker composer
1892 Feliks Roderyk Labunski composer
1895 Sig Arno Hamburg, Germany, actor (Holiday in Havana)
1896 Arch Ward sportswriter (proposed baseball's all-star game)
1896 Ewan Calague economist/statistician (Social Security Board)
1896 Louis Bromfield Mansfield OH, writer (Early Autumn, Pulitzer-1926)
1896 Carl Zuckmayer German/Swiss/US playwright
1897 Iwan S Konew Russian marshal/supreme commander pact of Warsaw
1899 Paul Costello US, double sculls (Olympics-gold-1920, 24, 28)
19-- Jerry Gaskill rocker (King's X-Faith Hope Love)
1901 Marlene Dietrich Berlin Germany, singer/actress (Blue Angel)
1901 Irene Handl London England, actress (Riding High, Morgan)
1902 Ferenc Szabo composer
1906 Oscar Levant Pittsburgh PA, actor (American in Paris, Dance of Life)
1906 Ivan Brkanovic composer
1906 Ivan Mark Waller mountaineer
1907 Jan Willem Van Otterloo Winterwijk Holland, conductor (Melbourne 1967-71)
1907 Emile de Strijker Belgian philosopher
1907 Nils-Eric Ringbom composer
1908 Louis de Bourbon Dutch writer/poet (Black Banners)
1909 Johan[nes B] Schmitz Dutch actor/reciter (Lucifer, MacBeth)
1910 Jack Massey groundsman
1910 Neville Crump racehorse trainer
1911 Endre Szervanszky composer [or Jan 1]
1914 Giuseppe Berto Italian writer (Heaven Sees Red)
1914 Ivan Sutton British concert promoter
1915 Mary Kornman Idaho Falls ID, actress (Queen of the Jungle)
1915 William Howell Masters sex author/physician
1917 Earl of Inchcape English large landowner/industrialist (P&O)
1922 Larry Osborne navigator air traffic controller/supply specialist
1924 James A McClure (Senator-R-ID)
1924 Mokta Ould Daddah President of Mauritania (1961-78)
1924 Wouter Eijkelemboom Dutch architect (Holy-hospital, Vlaardingen)
1925 Allan Blank composer
1925 Michel Piccoli Paris France, actor (Topaz, Peril, May Fools)
1926 Jerome Courtland Knoxville TN, actor (Tonka, Tharus)
1930 Wilfrid Sheed England, writer (Boys of Winter, The Hack)
1930 Jacqueline Fontijn Flemish composer
1930 Meg Greenfield US politician(?)
1931 Scotty Moore guitarist (for Elvis)
1934 Larisssa Latynina Ukraine, gymnast (Olympics-gold-1956, 60, 64)
1935 Norma Rae Beatty Ashby broadcaster/TV producer
1936 Lee Salk doctor (CBS TV)
1936 Phil Sharpe cricketer (England middle order batsman during 60's)
1939 John Amos Newark NJ, actor (Good Times, Coming to America)
1940 Jerry Lambert jockey (rode Native Diver)
1940 Pete Brown rocker
1941 Leslie Maguire rocker (Gerry & Pacemakers-Ferry Cross the Mersey)
1941 Michael Pinder rocker (Moody Blues-Nights in White Satin)
1943 Cokie Roberts newscaster (ABC-TV)
1943 Dave Rowberry Newcastle, rocker (Animals)
1944 Tracy Nelson Madison WI, singer (In The Here And Now)
1944 Mick Jones rock guitarist (Foreigner-I Want to Know What Love is)
1946 Janet Street-Porter British TV personality (Youth)
1947 Peter Criss rocker (Kiss-Beth)
1948 Larry Byrom rocker (Steppenwolf-Hour of the World)
1948 Gérard Depardieu France, actor (Get Out Your Handkerchiefs, Danton)
1948 Tovah Feldshuh New York NY, actress (Idolmaker, Terror out of the Sky)
1950 Terry Bozzio rock drummer (Missing Persons-Hello I Love You)
1950 Jack van Gelder Dutch TV host
1951 William Waldorf 4th viscount Astor/English large landowner
1952 Karla Bonoff rock singer (New World, Restless Nights)
1952 Tovah Feldshuh New York NY, actress (Idolmaker, Terror out of the Sky)
1953 Arthur Kent newscaster [Scud Stud], (NBC-Gulf War coverage)
1953 Kevin Wright cricketer (Australian wicket-keeper 1979)
1956 Doina Melinte Romanian running star (world record 1500 m/mile indoor)
1957 Connie Chillemi Eglin AFB FL, golfer (1994 Standard Register-13th)
1957 James Sanford US runner (world record 50 meter indoor)
1958 Steffen Mensching writer
1958 Steven Glen Jones Artesia NM, PGA golfer (1988 AT&T Pebble Beach)
1959 Andre Tippett NFL linebacker (New England Patriots)
1959 Mary Holland San Diego CA, WPVA volleyballer
1960 Maryam D'Abo London, actress (Living Daylights, Xtro, Until Sept)
1960 Terry Price Rockhampton Queensland, Australasia golfer
1961 Caroline Gowan Greenville SC, LPGA golfer (South Carolina Women's Amateur-1981, 83)
1962 Barbara Crampton Levittown NY, actress (Body Double, The Young & the Restless)
1962 Sherri Steinhauer Madison WI, LPGA golfer (1992 du Maurier Ltd)
1962 Timothy Hacker Milwaukee WI, 10k runner
1963 Dana Chladek Decin Czechoslovakia, US slalom Kayak (Olympics-bronze/silver-92, 96)
1963 Jim Leyritz Lakewood OH, catcher (New York Yankees)
1963 Mark Pike NFL defensive end (Buffalo Bills)
1964 David Tikolo Kenyan cricket batsman (1996 World Cup)
1964 Randy Kirk NFL outside linebacker (Arizona Cardinals, San Francisco 49ers)
1964 Steve Wallace NFL tackle (San Francisco 49ers, Kansas City Chiefs)
1965 Gamini Wickremasinghe cricketer (Sri Lanka wicket-keeper)
1967 Niels Meijer Dutch rock keyboardist (Bob Color)
1968 Dean Palmer Tallahassee FL, infielder (Texas Rangers)
1969 Chris Humbert Modesto CA, water polo 2 meter offense (Olympics-96)
1969 Suzanne Paxton Baltimore MD, fencer-foil (Olympics-96)
1970 Frank Messmer WLAF defensive end (Frankfurt Galaxy)
1970 Lorenzo Neal NFL fullback (New Orleans Saints, New York Jets)
1970 Mike Salmon NFL/WLAF safety (Houston Oilers, Rhein Fire, San Francisco 49ers)
1970 Steve Hoyem WLAF offensive tackle (Rhein Fire)
1971 Bryan Smolinski Toledo OH, NHL forward (Team USA, Pittsburgh Penguins)
1971 James Stewart NFL running back (Jacksonville Jaguars)
1972 Thomas Wilson Brown actor (Jason-Knots Landing)
1972 Charles Way NFL fullback (New York Giants)
1972 Dewayne Washington NFL cornerback (Minnesota Vikings)
1973 Bill Clay Yokosuka Japan, US sprint cyclist (Olympics-96)
1973 Wilson Cruz actor (My So Called Life, Ally McBeal)
1975 Heather O'Rourke San Diego CA, actress (Happy Days, Poltergeist)
1975 Patrick Paauwe Dutch soccer player (PSV, Graafschap)
1977 Kate Nelson Evanston IL, rhythmic gymnast (Olympics-96)


Deaths which occurred on 27th December:
0418 Zosimus Greek Pope (417-8), dies
0975 Balderik bishop of Utrecht (918-75), dies
1065 Ferdinand I the Great, king of Castile, dies
1590 Emmanuel-Philibert of Lalaing marquis of Renty, dies at 33
1595 Pietro Pontio composer, dies at 63
1603 Thomas Cartwright English Presbyterian publicist, dies at about 68
1631 John Pijnas Dutch painter, buried at about 47
1641 François van d'Aerssen ruler of Sommelsdijk/diplomat, dies at 69
1805 Belle van Zuylen Netherlands/Swiss writer (Trois Femmes), dies at 65
1836 Stephen Fuller Austin founder of state of Texas, dies at 43
1858 Alexandre Pierre François Boely composer, dies at 73
1877 Nikolai A Nekrasov Russian poet (Metshty into Zvuki), dies at 56
1880 Alessandro Nini composer, dies at 75
1916 Nikolay Feopemptovich Solov'yov composer, dies at 70
1919 Achilles Alferaki composer, dies at 73
1919 Theodoor H de Meester Dutch liberal premier (1905-08), dies at 68
1924 William Archer Scottish critic/playwright (Green Goddess), dies at 68
1925 Louis Dosfel Flemish lawyer/literary (Assault!), dies at 44
1930 William Courtleigh actor (Madame X, Eyes of Youth), dies at 63
1931 Peter Christian Lutkin composer, dies at 73
1931 Walter Courvoisier composer, dies at 56
1936 Hans von Seeckt German general/advisor of Chiang Kai-shek, dies at 70
1938 Emile Vandervelde Belgian Secretary of State (BWP), dies at 72
1938 O Mandelstam writer, dies
1944 Amy Marcy Cheney Beach composer, dies at 77
1950 Max Beckmann German painter/graphic artist, dies at 66
1952 Henri G Winkelman Dutch supreme commander army/navy 1940, dies at 76
1957 Alan Bridge actor (Hail the Conquering Hero), dies at 66
1959 Alfonso Reyes Mexican poet/historian/diplomat, dies at 70
1972 Lester B Pearson (L) 14th Canadian PM (Nobel 1957), dies at 75
1974 Amy Vanderbilt US author (Complete book of etiquette), dies at 66
1974 Raymond Glenn actor (Raisin in the Sun, Carmen Jones), dies at 76
1978 Bob de Lange Dutch actor/director (Daniel), dies at 62
1978 Chris Bell rock guitarist (Big Star), dies at 27 in car crash
1978 Houari Boumédiene Algerian President, dies after 40 days in a coma at 53
1979 Hafizullah Amin President of Afghánistán (1979), murdered
1981 Hoagy Carmichael US actor/songwriter (Stardust), dies at 82
1982 John Leonard Swigert Jr astronaut (Apollo 13), dies of cancer at 51
1983 Walter Scott rocker, dies
1985 Dian Fossey US naturalist (Gorillas in Mist), found dead in Rwanda
1986 Cliff Burton bass player (Metallica), dies in a bus crash at 24
1986 Lars-Eric Vilner Larsson composer, dies at 78
1987 Rewi Alley New Zealand author, pro Chinese communist, dies at 90 in Beijing
1987 Priscilla Dean actress (Outside the Law), dies of injuries at 91
1988 Fox Harris actor (Alienator, Warlords, Sid & Nancy), dies
1988 Hal Ashby academy-award winning director (Shampoo, 8 Million Ways to Die), dies of cancer at 59
1991 Edward M Love choreographer/dancer, dies of AIDS at 43
1991 John Morgan Evans actor, dies after lengthy illness at 49
1991 W Hudson US "strongest man to the world" (540 kg), dies
1992 Cardew "the Cad" [Douglas] Robinson English comedian (Alfie), dies at 75
1992 Jan Peeters Dutch watercolorist/monument artist, dies
1993 Blandine Ebinger [Loeser] actress (Mädchen in Uniform), dies at 94
1993 Youssef Sebti Algerian scholar/poet, murdered at 50
1994 Hans Berghuis author/poet (Kleitabletten), dies at 70
1994 Karl AF Schiller West German economist/SPD-minister, dies at 83
1994 Peter Barker Howard May cricket (4537 runs-England 1951-61), dies at 64
1994 Sadi de Gorter Dutch author/diplomat (Abscess), dies at 82
1995 Jeremy John Beadle writer/broadcaster, dies at 39
1995 Peter Refn Danish journalist/director (Violets are Blue), dies at 54
1995 Shura Cherkassky pianist, dies at 86
1997 Brendan Gill journalist, dies at 83
1997 Dorothy Stroud garden historian, dies at 87
1997 Ewart G Abner Jr president (Motown Records), dies at 74
1997 Tom Hudson artist/teacher, dies at 75

Link 1/ On this day 27th December

Link 2/ On this day 27th December

Link 3/ On this day 27th December