8th August, on this day

117 Hadrian becomes Roman Emperor
1220 Sweden was defeated by Estonian tribes in the Battle of Lihula.
1509 The Emperor Krishnadeva Raya is crowned, marking the beginning of the regeneration of the Vijayanagara Empire.
1576 Cornerstone is laid for Tycho Brahe's Uraniborg observatory
1588 Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines - The naval engagement ends, thus ending the Spanish Armada's attempt to invade England.
1609 Venetian senate examines Galileo Galilei's telescope
1647 The Irish Confederate Wars and Wars of the Three Kingdoms: Battle of Dungans Hill - English Parliamentary forces defeat Irish forces.
1709 1st known ascent in hot-air balloon, Bartolomeu de Gusmao (indoors)
1786 The highest mountain in Europe, Mont Blanc, is climbed for the first time by Michael-Babriel Paccard and Jacques Balmat
1793 The insurrection of Lyon occurred during the French Revolution.
1794 Joseph Whidbey and George Vancouver lead an expedition to search for the Northwest Passage near Juneau, Alaska.
1814 Peace negotiations begin in Ghent, Belgium
1815 Napoleon Bonaparte sets sail for exile on St Helena
1839 Beta Theta Pi is founded in Oxford, Ohio.
1843 Natal (in South Africa) is made a British colony
1844 Brigham Young chosen Mormon Church head following Joseph Smith death
1861 William Bateson, originator of term "genetics"
1863 Following his defeat in the Battle of Gettysburg, General Robert E. Lee sends a letter of resignation to Confederate President Jefferson Davis (which is refused upon receipt).
1863 Tennessee's "military" Gov. Andrew Johnson freed his personal slaves. During the early 20th century, the day was celebrated by blacks in Tennessee as a holiday.
1868 Quake destroys Arica, Chile
1870 The Republic of Ploiesti, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol I of Romania.
1876 Dan O'Leacy completes 500 mile walk in 139h32m
1876 Thomas Edison patents mimeograph
1900 Start of the first Davis Cup international tennis tournament, named after Dwight Filley Davis, at Longwood Cricket Club in Brookline, Massachusetts. Cup is won by the United States
1908 Wilbur Wright makes his first flight at a racecourse at Le Mans, France. It's the Wright Brothers' first public flight and the French public goes wild.
1910 The US Army installs the first tricycle landing gear on the Army's Wright Flyer.
1911 The millionth patent is filed in the United States Patent Office by Francis Holton for a tubeless vehicle tire.
1918 World War I: Start of the Battle of Amiens - Allied troops advance against 20 German divisions and take 16,000 prisoners within 2 hours
1918 6 US soldiers are surrounded by Germans in France, Alvin York is given command and shoots 20 Germans and captures 132 more
1919 Treaty of Rawalpindi, British recognize Afghanistan's independence
1929 1st airship flight around the Earth flying eastward begins
1929 German airship Graf Zeppelin begins a round-the-world flight
1931 Workers go on strike at the Hoover dam
1934 Britain passes the Poor Law Amendment Act - abandoning system of outdoor relief by which parishes look after their poor and replacing it with the workhouse
1937 Bonneville Dam on Columbia River begins producing power
1938 The building of Mauthausen concentration camp begins.
1940 "Aufbau Ost" directive was signed by Wilhelm Keitel.
1940 Battle of Britain began as Germany launches air attacks
1942 In America, six German saboteurs are executed in a prison in the District of Columbia less than 3 months after they landed on Long Island
1942 Quit India resolution was passed by the Bombay session of the AICC, which leads to the start of a civil disobedience movement across India
1945 President Harry S Truman signs UN Charter
1945 USSR declares war against Japan in WW II and commenced the Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation.
1945 USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea
1946 India agrees to give Bhutan territory
1947 Pakistan's National Flag is approved.
1949 Bhutan, land of the Dragon, became an independent monarchy
1955 Geneva conference held to discuss peaceful uses of atomic energy
1956 Fire and explosion kill 263 miners at Marcinelle, Belgium
1958 In Britain, Columbia Records signs a 17 year old singer called Cliff Richard
1963 In England, a gang of 15 men steal more than £2.6 million in the Great Train Robbery at Sears Crossing, Buckinghamshire - stopping and robbing a Royal Mail train travelling between Glasgow and London
1963 Kingsmen release "Louie, Louie," radio stations label it obscene
1966 South Arican Broadcasting bans Beatles (Lennon's anti-Jesus remark)
1967 The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is founded by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.
1968 Race riot in Miami, Florida
1973 VP Spiro T Agnew branded as "damned lies" reports he took kickbacks from govt contracts in Maryland. He vowed not to resign
1973 Kim Dae-Jung, a South Korean politician and later president of South Korea, is kidnapped.
1974 US President Richard Nixon finally resigns over the Watergate Affair - the first President to resign from office in the face of a threat of impeachment
1978 Pioneer-Venus 2 with 5 atmospheric probes launched toward Venus
1980 The Central Hotel Fire, Bundoran occurred in Ireland.
1983 Brig Gen Efrain Rios Montt was deposed as president of Guatemela
1984 Carl Lewis wins 3rd (200m) of 4 gold medals in the Summer Olympics
1985 Japan launches Planet A, a probe to Halley's comet
1988 The "8888 Uprising" occurs in Burma.
1988 Discovery of most distant galaxy (15 * 10 ^ 12 light yrs) announced
1988 Duchess of York gives birth to 6 lb 12 oz baby girl
1988 Jennifer Levin's parents file $25M suit against Dorrian Red Hand Bar
1988 Renovated NY's Central Park Zoo reopens after 4 years
1988 Russian troops begin pull out of Afghanistan after 9 year war
1988 Sec of State Shultz narrowly escapes assassin attempt in Bolivia
1988 South Africa declares cease-fire in Angola
1990 Iraq President Saddam Hussein announces that Iraq has annexed Kuwait. US President Bush sends American troops to Saudi Arabia as part of the build-up of a multinational force to force Iraqi troops out of Kuwait
1991 Collapse of Warsaw radio mast, at one time the tallest construction ever built
1991 Billy Preston charged with exhibiting porno to a minor
1991 Carlos Santana pleads no contest to marijuana possession charge
1991 Gary Oldman, actor (State of Grace), arrested for drunk driving
1991 Shite Muslims release British hostage John McCarthy - 5 years and 3 months after being kidnapped in Beirut. He had been held hostage since April 17, 1986 - a total of 1,943 days
1997 British newspapers romantically link Diana, Princess of Wales with Dodi Al Fayed - the son of Mohammed Al Fayed, the owner of London store Harrods
2000 Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley is raised to the surface after 136 years on the ocean floor.

8th August 2006

UN halts convoy to south Lebanon

Spain arrests fairground migrants

Reuters drops Beirut photographer

8th August 2007

US raid kills 30 Iraq 'militants'

S Asia victims face health crisis

Wealth gap 'spreads in Asia'

8th August 2008

Russian tanks enter South Ossetia

Games of the XXIX Olympiad

Car bomb attack hits Iraqi market

8th August 2009

Nine feared dead in NY air crash

Clashes rock Somali pirate port

Migrant dies in patrol boat crash

8th August 2010

Dozens killed in China landslides

Pakistan hit by deadly landslips

Celebrating Turkish groom kills relatives

Birthdates which occurred on 8th August :

1763 Charles Bulfinch Boston Mass, 1st US pro architect (Mass State House)
1857 Henry Osborn Conn, paleontologist/author (52 Years of Research)
1865 Matthew A Henson famous African
1879 Emiliano Zapata Mexican revolutionary, peasant leader
1884 Sara Teasdale US, poet (1st Pulitzer Prize-1918-"Love Songs")
1887 Malcolm Keen Bristol England, actor (Uncle Chris-Mama)
1896 Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings Wash DC, writer (The Yearling)
19-- Anne Francine Phila, actress (Harper Valley PTA)
19-- Branscombe Richmond LA Cal, actor (Heart of the City, Hawaiian Heat)
19-- Doran Clark New Orleans, actress (King's Cross, Emerald Point NAS)
19-- Earl Boen Pueblo Colo, actor (Dennis-It's a Living)
19-- Matt Shakman actor (Graham-Just the 10 of Us)
19-- Rosetta LeNoire actor (Grandma Winslow-Family Matters)
19-- Veronica Redd-Forrest actress (Mamie-Young & Restless)
1900 Victor Young Chic Ill, orch leader (Milton Berle Show, In Old Calif)
1901 Dr Ernest O Lawrence Canton SC, inventor (Cyclotron-Nobel 1939)
1902 Paul A.M. Dirac England, theoretical physicist (Nobel 1933)
1905 Andr‚ Jolivet Paris France, composer (L'Eunuque)
1907 Benny Carter NYC, musician/composer (Easy Money, King Carter)
1908 Arthur J Goldberg Ill, UN ambassador/Supreme Court justice (1962-65)
1910 Francisco Brochado Da Rocha PM of Brazil (1962)
1910 Sylvia Sidney Bronx NY, actress (WKRP, Sabotage, Beetlejuice, Demon)
1913 Axel Stordahl Staten Island NY, orch leader (Frank Sinatra Show)
1913 Robert Stafford (Sen-R-Vt)
1918 Rory Calhoun LA Calif, actor (Capitol, Motel Hell, Bill-Texan)
1919 Dino DeLaurentis producer (King Kong)
1922 Rudi Gernreich designed 1st women's topless swimsuit, miniskirt
1923 Esther Williams Inglewood Cal, actress/swimmer (Dangerous when Wet)
1926 Richard Anderson Long Beach NJ, actor (Oscar Goldman-6 Million $ Man)
1926 Webb Pierce West Monroe La, country singer (Ozark Jubilee)
1927 Jim Weaver (D-rep-Ore)
1929 Josef Suk Prague Czechoslovakia, violinist (Artist of Merit-1977)
1930 Andy Warhol artist/movie producer (Frankenstein, Bad)
1930 Joan Mondale wife of former VP Walter F Mondale
1930 Nita Talbot NYC NY, actress (Supertrain, Here We Go Again)
1932 Mel Tillis country singer/stutterer (Who's Julie, M-M-Mel)
1933 Joe Tex singer/songwriter (Hold What You've Got)
1936 Don Bowden US, 1st American to run a sub 4 min mile
1936 Frank Howard baseball player (NL Rookie of the Year 1960)
1936 Keith Barron Mexborough England, actor (At the Earth's Core)
1937 Dustin Hoffman LA, actor (The Graduate, Tootsie, Kramer vs Kramer)
1938 Connie Stevens Bkln, singer/actress (Hawaiian Eye, Back to Beach)
1939 Phil Balsley Va, country singer (Statler Bros-Flowers on the Wall)
1947 Jose Cruz leftfielder (St Louis Cards, Houston Astros)
1947 Larry Wilcox SD Calif, actor (Lassie, CHiPs)
1948 Svetlana Y Savitskaya 2nd woman in space (Soyuz T-7, T-12)
1949 Keith Carradine San Mateo Calif, actor (Young Guns, Pretty Baby)
1952 Robin Quivers radio/TV personality (Howard Stern's sidekick)
1953 "Sweet" Lou Dunbar basketball player (Harlem Globetrotters)
1953 Donny Most Bkln NY, actor (Ralph Malph-Happy Days)
1954 Nigel Mansell formula-1 racer (Portugal Grand Prix-1990)
1956 Chris Foreman guitar (Madness-1 Step Beyond)
1956 David Grant rocker (Heaven Knows)
1958 Deborah Norville TV host (Today)
1958 Harry Crosby LA Calif, actor (Friday the 13th)
1959 Rikki Rockett rocker (Poison-Every Rose Has a Thorn)
1961 The Edge (Dave Evans) London, rocker (U2-I Will Follow)
1962 Suzee Pai Toledo Ohio, actress (Big Trouble in Little China)
1967 Lorraine Pearson rocker (5 Star-Silk & Steel)
1988 Beatrice Princess of England


Deaths which occurred on August 8th:
1960 Danton Walker columnist (Broadway Spotlight), dies at 61
1961 Charlie Gemora actor who portrayed King Kong, dies at 58
1976 John Roselli hired by CIA to kill Castro, found murdered
1984 Richard Deacon actor (Mel-Dick Van Dyke Show), dies at 62
1985 Louise Brooks actress, dies of a heart attack at 78