August, on this day
of Maserfeld - Penda of Mercia defeats and kills Oswald of Bernicia.
910 The last major Viking army to raid England is defeated at the
of Tettenhall by the allied forces of Mercia and Wessex, led by
King Edward and Earl Aethelred.
I crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey.
1264 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Arnstadt, Germany
1305 Scottish leader
William Wallace is defeated and captured by the English at the
Battle of Stirling Bridge and later executed
of Otterburn, border skirmish between the Scottish and the English
in Northern England.
1583 English explorer Sir
Humphrey Gilbert founds the first English colony in North America
at St John's in Newfoundland
1620 The Mayflower
departs Southampton, England on first attempt to reach North America.
1689 1,500 Iroquois attack village of Lachine,
in New France.
Eugene of Savoy, with a force of 40,000 Austrians, defeats the
150,000 strong force of Turkish leader Darnad Ali Pasha at the Battle
1735 New York Weekly Journal writer John
Peter Zenger is acquitted of seditious libel against the royal
governor of New York, on the basis that what he published was true.
of Bushy Run - British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief
Pontiac's Indians at Bushy Run.
1772 1st partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia and Russia
1775 1st Spanish ship, San Carlos, enters SF Bay
of 1812: Tecumseh's
Indian force ambushes Thomas Van Horne's 200 Americans at Brownstone
Creek, causing them to flee and retreat.
1837 1st ascent of Mt
Marcy (5,344') highest in Adirondack, NY
1846 Oregon country divided between US and Britain at 49th parallel
1858 The first transatlantic cable is officially opened with Queen
Victoria sending a telegraphic message to US President James
1861 US Army abolishes flogging
1861 US levies its 1st Income Tax (3% of incomes over $800) in order
to help pay for the war effort
of Baton Rouge - Along the Mississippi River near Baton Rouge,
Louisiana, Confederate troops drive Union forces back into the city.
1864 Spectrum of a comet observed for 1st time, by Giovanni
of Mobile Bay, Ala; Adm David Farragut orders "Damn the torpedoes,
full speed ahead!"
War: The Battle
of Spicheren is fought, resulting in a Prussian victory.
1874 Japan launches its postal
savings system, modeled after a similar system in England.
Oil of New Jersey is established.
1882 Martial law is enacted in Japan.
1884 The cornerstone of the Statue of Liberty is laid on Bedloe's
Island in New York Harbour
Benz drives from Mannheim to Pforzheim in the first long distance
1901 Britain's first cinema opens in Islington, London
1914 1st traffic light installed (Euclid Ave. and E. 105th St, Cleveland)
1914 US, Nicaragua sign treaty granting canal rights to US
1923 1st American to swim
the English Channel (Henry Sullivan)
1924 Comic strip "Little
Orphan Annie," by Harold Gray, debuts
Cymru is formed with the aim of disseminating knowledge of the
Welsh language, which is in danger of dying out.
1926 Escapologist Harry
Houdini survives for several hours in a bronze coffin beneath
the surface of a hotel swimming pool in Los Angeles
1936 At Berlin
Olympics, Jesse Owens wins his 3rd Olympic medal
1940 Latvia is annexed by the Soviet Union.
1943 During the Battle
of Troina, at around 11 A.M, Mount Etna erupted sending much ash
and lava miles into the sky.
1944 Possibly the biggest prison breakout in history occurs as 545
Japanese POWs attempt to escape outside the town of Cowra, NSW,
1944 Holocaust: Polish insurgents liberate a German labor camp in
Warsaw, freeing 348 Jewish prisoners.
1945 Atom Bomb dropped on Hiroshima (Aug 6th in Japan)
1949 In Ecuador an earthquake destroys 50 towns and kills more than
"Big Switch" Korean War prisoner exchanged at Panmunjom
1957 American Bandstand, a show dedicated to the teenage "baby-boomers"
by playing the songs and showing popular dances of the time, debuts
on the ABC television network.
Nautilus, the world's first nuclear submarine, comes to the surface
after passing under the North Pole
1960 Upper Volta (Burkina Faso) gains independence from France
1962 American actress Marilyn
Monroe dies in her bedroom from acute barbiturate poisoning aged
1962 1st quasar
located by radio
1962 In South Africa, ANC leader Nelson Mandela is arrested and later
jailed for attempting to overthrow the South African Government
1963 Britain, United States and the USSR sign
a nuclear test ban treaty - agreeing that any further tests should
be carried out underground
Breedlove sets world auto speed record at 407.45 MPH
1964 Actress Anne
Bancroft and comedian Mel
1964 Beatles record "Leave My Kitten Alone"
Pierce Arrow - American aircraft from carriers USS Ticonderoga
and USS Constellation bomb North Vietnam in retaliation for strikes
attacked U.S. destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin.
1966 Martin Luther King Jr stoned during Chicago march
1966 Beatles release "Revolver"
album in US
1966 The Beatles release "Yellow
Submarine" and "Eleanor
Rigby" in UK
Gentry releases her only hit "Ode to Billy Joe"
7 flies past Mars
1973 USSR launches Mars
1974 US President Richard Nixon admits his complicity in the Watergate
Affair by withholding important information. He resigns the Presidency
three days later
1974 The U.S. Congress places a $1 billion dollar limit on military
aid to South Vietnam.
1976 In London, the clock overlooking the Houses of Parliament - Big
Ben - stops for the first time in 117 years
1979 In Afghanistan, Maoists
undertake an attempted military uprising.
1981 President Regan fires 11,359 air traffic controllers who struck
2 days ago
Benoit (US) wins 1st Olympic marathon for women (2h24m52s)
1985 Flexible-wing glider altitude record (214,250') set by Larry
1986 It's revealed Andrew
Wyeth had, secretly created 240 drawings and paintings of his
neighbour Helga Testorf, in Chadds Ford, Pa
Biaggi (Rep-D-NY) convicted of racketeering resigns seat
1989 General elections are held in Nicaragua, Sandinista
Front wins the majority.
1995 The United States of America and Vietnam formerly re-establish
diplomatic ties and pledge a new era of cooperation almost 20 years
after the end of the Vietnam War
1995 The city of Knin, a significant Serb stronghold, is captured
by Croatian forces during Operation
Storm. The date is celebrated as the day of victory (Victory and
Homeland Thanksgiving Day) in Croatia.
2003 A car bomb explodes in the Indonesian capital of Jakarta outside
the Marriott Hotel killing 12 and injuring 150.
commandos stage Tyre raid
poll count raises concerns
held over US serial killings
'kills' key Iraq shrine bomber
Asia flood toll passes 200
faces Holocaust protests
accused in Rwanda genocide
suspend death by stoning
cracks 'biggest ID fraud case'
US reporters welcomed home
Iran president takes oath
attack' kills Taliban wife
die in Karachi violence
'killed in air strike'
police die in Afghan suicide attack
occurred on 5th August :
1540 Joseph Justice
Scaliger proposed Julian dating
1604 John Eliot "Apostle to Indians," Bible translator
1624 William Jamestown Va, 1st black child born in English America
1749 Thomas Lynch signed Declaration of Independence
1811 Ambroise Thomas Metz France, composer (Mignon)
1850 Guy de Maupassant France, author (Boule de Suif)
1860 Joseph Carey Merrick "Elephant Man"
1876 Mary R Beard Indianapolis, historian (Woman as a Force in History)
1890 Erich Kleiber Vienna Austria, conductor (NBC Symphony 1945-46)
1899 Conrad Aiken US, poet/short story writer/critic (Selected Poems)
19-- Don Matheson Dearborn Mich, actor (Mark-Land of the Giants)
19-- Jimi Kennedy Staten Island NY, rocker (Tyketto-Wings)
1906 John Huston Nevada Mo, director/writer (African Queen, Chinatown)
1908 Harold Holt PM of Australia (1966-67); supported US in Vietnam
1911 Robert Taylor Filley Neb, actor (Death Valley Days)
1914 Anita Colby Wash DC, model/actress (Pepsi Cola Playhouse)
1914 David Brian NYC, actor (Accussed of Murder, Dawn at Sorocco)
1920 Selma Diamond London Ontario, comedienne (Selma-Night Court)
1923 Richard Kleindienst attorney general (1972)
1930 Neil Armstrong Ohio, X-15 pilot, 1st Moonwalker (Gemini 8, Apollo
1933 Joan Weldon SF, actress (So This is Love, Them)
1935 John Saxon Bkln, actor (Bees, Nightmare on Elm St, Electric Horseman)
1936 John Dancy Jackson Tx, newscaster (Prime Time Sunday)
1938 Ja'net Dubois Phila, actress (Willona-Good Times)
194- Jo Collins Ore, Playboy playmate (Dec, 1964)
1941 Leonid D Kizim cosmonaut (Soyuz T-3, T-10, T-15)
1942 Rick Huxley guitarist (Dave Clark 5-Glad All Over)
1943 Rodney Pattisson England, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1968)
1943 Sammi Smith singer
1944 Loni Anderson St Paul Minn, actress (Jennifer-WKRP in Cincinnati)
1946 Erika Slezak Hollywood, Calif, actress (Viki-One Life to Live)
1947 Rick Derringer rocker (I am the Real American (Hulk Hogan's theme)
1950 Holly Palance LA Calif, actress (Thorn Birds, Ripley's Believe
1950 Rose Mittermaier German FR, slalom/downhill (Olympic-gold-1976)
1953 Samantha Sang singer (Emotion)
1954 Eddie "Fingers" Ojeda Bx, (Twisted Sister-We're Not
Gonna Take It)
1959 Pete Burns rocker (Dead or Alive-Spin Me Round)
1960 Mike Nocito rocker (Johnny Hates Jazz-Turn Back the Clock)
1961 Tawny Kitaen (Coverdale) actress (Bachelor Party, Witchboard)
1962 Patrick EwingKingston Jamacia, NBA center (NY Knicks), 1992 Summer
1966 Jonathan Silverman LA Calif, actor (Brighton Beach Memoirs)
1968 John Garrett Olerud Seattle WA, Baseball player, Blue Jays, Mets.
American League Batting Crown 1993
1975 Ami Foster actress (Margaux-Punky Brewster)
2184 Christine Lauren Chapel Davenport Heights, Vermont (Star Trek)
2186 Kevin Thomas Riley Tasvennir, Tarsus IV (Star Trek)
Deaths which occurred
on August 5th:
1900 James Augustine Healy black Roman Catholic bishop, dies at 80
1959 Edgar Guest newspaperman, dies at 77
1961 Sir Sidney Holland PM of New Zealand (1949-57), dies at 67
1962 Marilyn Monroe found dead of apparent self-inflicted drug overdose
1972 Frederic Tozere actor (Mr Phillips-Stanley), dies at 71
1978 Queenie Smith actress/dancer (Funny Side), dies at 79
1983 Judy Canova singer/comedienne/actress, dies at 66 of cancer
1984 Howard Culver actor (Howie-Gunsmoke), dies at 66
1984 Richard Burton actor (Cleopatra), dies at 58 of cerebral hemorrhage
1991 Paul Brown NFL founder (Cleveland Browns, Cin Bengals), dies
1991 Soichiro Hondo CEO & founder (Honda), dies of liver cancer