August, on this day
70 The destruction
of the Second
Temple in Jerusalem by the Romans.
1181 Supernova seen in Cassiopia
of Evesham: Defeat of Baron Simon de Montfort by the Royalist
forces of the future King Edward I
of Alcazarquivir, Morrocans defeat Portugeese
Perignon invents champagne
of the Spanish Succession: Gibraltar captured by English and Dutch
fleet, commanded by Admiral Sir George
Rooke and allied with Archduke
1735 Jury acquits John
Zenger (NY Weekly Journal) charged with seditious libel by royal
governor of NY (victory for Freedom of press)
1753 George Washington becomes a master mason
1777 Retired British cavalry officer Philip
Astley establishes 1st circus
1789 In France members of the National
Constituent Assembly take an oath to end feudalism
and abandon their privileges.
1790 US Coast Guard founded as Revenue
1791 The Treaty
of Sistova is signed, ending the Ottoman-Habsburg
1821 Atkinson & Alexander publish the Saturday
Evening Post for the first time as a weekly newspaper.
1824 Battle of Kos fought between Turks and Greeks.
1830 Plans for the city of Chicago laid out
1854 The Hinomaru
is established as the official flag to be flown from Japanese ships.
1870 Founding of the
British Red Cross Society by Lord
Wars: Whilst protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, the
United States 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel George
Armstrong Custer, clash for the first time with the Sioux (near
the Tongue River; only one man on each side is killed).
1892 Sunday school teacher
Lizzie Borden arrested in Fall River, Mass
foot tunnel under the River Thames opens.
Railway Station, Sydney opens.
1914 World War I: Britain declares war on Germany for violating the
of London. US President Woodrow
Wilson proclaims America to be neutral
1916 US agrees to buy Virgin Islands from Denmark for $25 million
1916 World War I: Liberia declares war on Germany.
1917 Captain Noel
Chavasse, of the Royal Army Medical Corps, only the second man
to be awarded the additional bar to the Victorian Cross for bravery,
dies from wounds
1925 US marines leave Nicaragua after 13-year occupation
Bridge between US and Canada opened
1940 World War II: Italy invades Kenya, the Sudan and British Somaliland
Frank, 15, (Diary of Anne Frank) is arrested by Nazis
Republic earthquake - earthquake of magnitude 8.0 hits northern
Dominican Republic. 100 killed, 20,000 left homeless.
1947 The Supreme
Court of Japan is established.
1954 Government of Pakistan approves the National
Anthem, written by Hafeez Jullundhry and composed by Ahmed G.
1956 1st motorcycle rode over 200 mph (Wilhelm Herz-210 mph/338 kph)
1960 Rocket propelled USAF research aircraft sets record at 2,150
1964 Civil rights workers Michael
Goodman and James
Chaney found buried inside an earthen dam in Mississippi
1966 During an American radio programme, John Lennon - founder-member
of the British group The Beatles claims his group is probably currently
more popular than Jesus Christ. His comment leads to Beatle records
being banned from many American states
1968 100,000 attend Newport Pop Festival, Costa Mesa, Calif
1969 Vietnam War: At the apartment of French intermediary Jean Sainteny
in Paris, U.S. representative Henry
Kissinger and North Vietnamese representative Xuan
Thuy begin secret peace negotiations. The negotiations will eventually
Morrison arrested for drunkenness
1971 US launches 1st satellite into lunar orbit from manned spacecraft
1972 Ugandan dictator Idi
Amin expels Ugandan-Asians from the country
1975 The Japanese
Red Army takes more than 50 hostages at the AIA Building housing
several embassies in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The hostages included
the U.S. consul and the Swedish charge d'affaires. The gunmen win
the release of five imprisoned comrades and fly with them to Libya.
1975 A streaker interupts the Test match between England and Australia
at Lords Cricket Ground in London
1978 In Britain, politician
Jeremy Thorpe, former leader of the Liberal Party, is charged
with conspiracy to murder a male model, Norman Scott. Thorpe is later
1981 Three British mountaineers are killed climbing the East Face
of the Matterhorn
1984 South African-born bare-foot athlete Zola Budd, controversially
allowed to run for Great Britain, accidentally trips American medal
Decker in the 3,000 metres final during the Los Angeles Olympics
- causing one of the most dramatic upsets in the history of the Games
1984 Prince's "Purple Rain," album goes to number 1 and
stays for 24 weeks
1984 Republic of Upper Volta becomes Bourkina Fasso
1987 The Federal
Communications Commission rescinds the Fairness
Doctrine which had required radio and television stations to "fairly"
present controversial issues.
1988 Congress votes $20,000 to each Japanese-American
interned in WW II
car rental will pay out $23 million in consumer fraud case
1990 European community proposes a boycott of Iraq
1991 The Greek cruise ship Oceanos
sinks off the Wild Coast of South Africa.
1993 A federal judge sentences LAPD officers Stacey
Koon and Laurence
Powell to 30 months in prison for violating motorist
Rodney King's civil rights
Storm begins in Croatia.
26th Olympic Summer games close in Atlanta, Georgia
1997 185,000 Teamsters
union United Parcel Service drivers walk off the job.
2002 Soham murders:
10 year old school girls Jessica Chapman and Holly Wells go missing
from the town of Soham, Cambridgeshire.
2007 NASA's Phoenix
spaceship is launched.
occurred on 4th August :
Conte inventor (modern pencil)
1792 Percy Bysshe Shelley England, romantic poet (Adonais)
1823 Oliver Perry Morton (Gov-Ind)
1832 Gaspar N£¤ez de Arce Spain, poet "Spanish Tennyson"
1839 Walter Pater London England, writer (Plato & Platoism)
1859 Knut Hamsun Norway, writer/Nazi (Hunger-Nobel 1920)
1870 Sir Harry Lauder Scotland, comedian/singer (Roman in the Gloamin)
1897 Joseph Calleia Malta, actor (Jungle Book, Gilda, Touch of Evil)
1901 Louis Armstrong New Orleans, Jazz musician & bandleader,
"Hello Dolly" - oldest musician in Billboard history to
have a Number One song
1900 Arturo Umberto Illia pres of Argentina (1963-66)
1900 Elizabeth Britain's Queen Mother
1909 Glenn Cunningham US middle distance runner in the 1930's
1910 William Howard Schuman NYC, composer (American Festival Overture)
1912 David Raksin Phila Penns, composer (Modern Times)
1913 Wesley Addy Omaha Neb, actor (Bostonian, Loving)
1915 Irving Fields NYC, pianist (Ilona Massey Show)
1920 Helen Thomas UPI journalist (starts press conferences)
1921 Maurice "Rocket" Richard Montreal Canadien (MVP-1947)
1928 Udham Singh India, field hockey player (Olympic-gold-1952, 56,
1934 Dallas Green baseball manager (Phillies, Yankees)
1939 Frankie Ford Gretna La, rock vocalist (Sea Cruise)
1942 David Russell Lange PM (L) New Zealand (1984- )
1943 Michael J McCulley San Diego Calif, Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS-34)
1943 Rodney Stuart Pattison British yachtsman (Olympics)
1943 Tina Cole Hollywood, singer (King Cousins)/actress (Katie-My
1944 Richard Belzer KOed by Hulk Hogan/comedian (How to be a Stand
1945 Fred Hansen US, pole vaulter (Olympic-gold-1964)
1946 Maureen Cox Starkey 1st wife of Beatle Ringo Starr
1952 Bobby Buntrock Denver Colo, actor (Harold Baxter-Hazel)
1952 Kristoffer Tabori LA Calif, actor (Rappaccini's Daughter)
1955 Andrew M Allen Phila Pa, Captain USMC/astronaut (sk: STS-46)
1955 Charles D "Sam" Gemar Yankton SD, army/astronaut (STS
1955 Billy Bob Thornton Hot Springs, Ark. US. actor, 'Sling Blade','A
1958 Mary Decker Tabb Slaney NJ, olympic track star (Mile record 4:16.71)
1960 Robbin Crosby heavy metal rocker (Ratt-Round & Round)
1962 Roger Clemens Dayton Ohio, Boston Red Sox pitcher (Cy Young,
1965 Crystal Chappell Silver Spring Md, actress (Carly-Days of our
Deaths which occurred
on August 4th:
1265 Simon de Montfort English baron, dies in battle
1526 Juan Sebasti…n Cano Spanish explorer, dies
1891 George Washington Williams dies at 41 in Blackpool England
1973 Eddie Condon jazz guitarist (Eddie Condon's Floor Show), dies
1981 Melvyn Douglas actor, dies at 80
1984 Edmon Ryan actor, dies at 79 of a heart attack
1984 Mary Miles Minter silent screen star, dies at 82 of heart failure
1984 Walter Burke actor, dies at 75 of emphysema