30th August, on this day

257 St Sixtus II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1363 Beginning date of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the forces of two Chinese rebel leaders— Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang—are pitted against each other in what was one of the largest naval battles in history, during the last decade of the ailing, Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty.
1645 Dutch and Indians sign peace treaty
1781 American War of Independence: A French fleet defeats the British navy at the Battle of Chesapeake Capes
1854 John Fremont issues proclamation freeing slaves of Missouri rebels
1791 The HMS Pandora, sent to capture the Bounty mutineers in 1790, sank after running aground on a reef the previous day.
1799 Capture of the entire Dutch fleet by British forces under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby and Admiral Sir Charles Mitchell during the Second Coalition of the French Revolutionary Wars.
1800 Gabriel Prosser leads a slave rebellion in Richmond, Virginia
1813 Battle of Kulm: French forces defeated by Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance.
1813 Creek War: Creek Red Sticks carried out the Fort Mims Massacre.
1835 Melbourne, Australia is founded.
1836 The city of Houston is founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen
1860 Britain's first tram service begins running at Birkenhead on Merseyside
1862 Battle of Richmond: Confederates under Edmund Kirby Smith rout a Union army under General Horatio Wright.
1862 Confederate commander 'Stonewall' Jackson leads his troops to victory against the Union at the Second Battle of Bull Run in Virginia
1873 Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic Sea.
1885 13,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda
1888 Lord Walsingham kills 1070 grouse in a single day
1897 The town of Ambiky is captured by France from Menabe in Madagascar.
1896 Eight provinces in the Philippines were declared under martial law by the Spanish Governor General Ramon Blanco. This included the provinces of Batangas, Rizal, Cavite, Nueva Ecija as well as the nearby areas.
1900 In Ireland, political leader Arthur Griffith founds the Cumann na nGaedhael ( The League of Gaels ) which adopts the policy of Sinn Fein (We, Ourselves). In1922 he becomes the first president of the Irish Free State
1901 Hubert Cecil Booth patents the vacuum cleaner
1909 Burgess Shale fossils discovered by Charles Doolittle Walcott.
1914 Battle of Tannenberg.
1916 Paul Von Hindenburg becomes chief-of-General-Staff in Germany
1918 Soviet Russian leader Vladimir Lenin is shot and wounded by two women at a factory in Moscow. Both women are said to be members of the Social Revolutionary Party
1918 Bolshevik revolutionary leader Moisei Uritsky is assassinated
1922 Battle of Dumlupinar, final battle in Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922) ("Turkish War of Independence").
1928 Indian politician Jawahrlal founds the Independence of India League to campaign for freedom from British rule
1937 Heavyweight boxer Joe Louis beats Tommy Farr
1939 Britain prepares for a probable war with Germany by beginning the evacuation of thousands of children from major cities likely to be bombed
1941 Siege of Leningrad by Nazi troops began
1942 Battle of Alam Halfa begins
1944 Soviet troops enter Bucharest, Romania
1945 Hong Kong liberated from Japan by British Armed Forces
1945 Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces, General Douglas MacArthur lands at Atsugi Air Force Base.
1956 Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opens.
1956 White mob prevents enrollment of blacks at Mansfield HS, Texas
1957 American Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina sets a new 'filibuster' record in the US Congress - speaking for more than 24 hours against a civil rights bill
1962 Japan conducts a test of the NAMC YS-11, its first aircraft since the war and its only successful commercial aircraft from before or after the war.
1963 A telephone 'hotline' is established between the US President in the White House, Washington DC and the Soviet Premier in the Kremlin in Moscow - to reduce the risk of an accidental nuclear war
1965 Section of Allalin glacier wipes out construction site at Mattmark Dam near Saas-Fee, Switzerland
1968 1st record under Apple label (Beatle's "Hey Jude")
1969 120,000 attend Texas International Pop Festival
1969 25,000 attend 2nd Annual Sky River Rock Festival, Tenino Wash
1969 Racial disturbances in Fort Lauderdale, Florida
1973 Faced with the threat of extinction of the elephant, Kenya bans the hunting of elephants and the trade in ivory.
1974 Express train runs full speed into Zagreb, Yugo rail yard killing 153
1974 Powerful bomb explodes at the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries headquarters in Marunouchi, Tokyo, Japan. 8 killed, 378 injured. Eight left-wing activists are arrested on May 19, 1975 by Japanese authorities.
1979 1st recorded occurrence-comet hits sun (energy=1 mil hydrogen bombs)
1979 President Carter attacked by a rabbit on a canoe trip in Plains, Ga
1984 STS-41-D: The Space Shuttle Discovery takes off on its maiden voyage.
1986 Soviet authorities arrested Nicholas Daniloff (US News World Report)
1987 Ben Johnson of Canada runs 100 m in world record 9.83 sec
1987 Yves Pol of France runs complete marathon backwards (3:57:57)
1988 Julianne Philips files for divorce from Bruce Springsteen
1988 Tennis star Chris Everett weds skier Andy Mill
1989 Roman Polanski marries actress Emmanuelle Seigner
1990 Tatarstan declares independence from the RSFSR.
1995 NATO launches Operation Deliberate Force against Bosnian Serb forces
1999 East Timorese vote for independence in a referendum

30th August 2006

Olmert firm on Lebanon blockade

Europe warned over trafficking

Hurricane John heads for Mexico

30th August 2007

Iraq 'fails to meet key targets'

Fighters 'snatch Pakistan troops'

Nigeria scraps state oil company

30th August 2008

Deadly hurricane roars into Cuba

Dozens injured in Sri Lanka blast

Capsize in India floods kills 20

30th August 2009

Japan victor hails 'revolution'

Pakistan blast 'kills 14 cadets'

Megrahi trade deal untrue - Straw

30th August 2010

Bratislava gunman kills 7

Bombs kill 7 US soldiers in Afghanistan

Stricter controls urged for the UN's climate body

Birthdates which occurred on 30th August :

1748 Jacques-Louis David France, Neoclassical painter (Death of Marat)
1797 Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley London England, author (Frankenstein)
1837 Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur wife of president Chester A Arthur
1852 Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff Neth, physical chemist (Nobel 1901)
1871 Ernest Lord Rutherford England, physicist; discovered atomic nucleus
1884 Theodor Svedberg Sweden, chemist, worked with colloids (Nobel '26)
1893 Huey P Long Winn Parish La, (gov/sen-D-La)
1896 Raymond Massey Toronto Canada, actor (Dr Gillespie-Dr Kildare)
19-- Anthony Call actor (Herb Callison-One Life to Live)
19-- Ben Jones NC, actor (Cooter-Dukes of Hazzard)
19-- Deedy Peters Hartford City Indiana, actress (House Calls)
19-- Dorian Lopinto actress (One Life to Live)
19-- James Vallely New Brunswick NJ, actor (Charles-Double Trouble)
19-- William G Schilling Phila Pa, actor (Dr Samuels-Head of the Class)
1901 John Gunther Chicago Ill, author/host (John Gunther's High Road)
1901 Roy Wilkins civil rights director (NAACP)
1907 Fred MacMurray Kankakee Ill, actor (Caine Mutiny, My 3 Sons)
1908 Willie Bryant New Orleans La, singer (Sugar Hill Times)
1909 Joan Blondell NYC, actress (Real McCoys, Here Come the Brides)
1917 Julie Bishop Denver Colo, actress (Northern Pursuit, Threat)
1918 Ted Williams Baseball's last .400 hitter (Boston Red Sox, hit .406, .344 lifetime)
1919 Kitty Wells Nashville Tn, country singer (Grand Ole Opry)
1922 Regina Resnik NYC, mezzo-soprano (Sieglinde-Bayreuth)
1923 Elias Victor Seixas US, mixed double tennis player (Wimbledon 1953-56)
1927 Geoffrey Beene Louisiana, dress designer (8 Coty Awards)
1928 Bill Daily Des Moines Iowa, actor (I Dream of Jeannie, Newhart)
1928 Johnny Mann Balt Md, music director (Johnny Mann Stand Up & Cheer)
1930 Warren Buffett author (The Midas Touch)
1931 John L Swigert Jr Denver Colorado, astronaut (Apollo 13
1935 John Phillips singer (Mama & Papas-California Dreaming)
1938 Steve Delaney Dobbs Ferry NY, newscaster (Monitor)
1939 Elizabeth Ashley Ocala Florida, actress (Coma)
1943 Jean Claude Killy France, skier (Olympic-3 golds-1968)
1943 R Crumb cartoonist (Father Time)
1947 Peggy Lipton Lawrence NY, actress (Julie-Mod Squad, Twin Peaks)
1950 John Landis actor (American Werewolf in London)
1951 Timothy Bottoms actor (Paper Chase, East of Eden)
1953 Robert Parish NBA center (Boston Celtics)
1955 Martin Jackson rocker (Swing Out Sister-Swing Out)
1964 Joan Bennett Chicago Ill, playmate (January, 1985)
1964 Stephen Baker NFL receiver (NY Giants)
1974 Matt Bongiovi heavy metal rocker (cousin of Jon Bon Jovi)


Deaths which occurred on August 30th:
30 -BC- Cleopatra 7th & most famous queen of Egypt, commits suicide
1483 Louis XI king of France (1461-83), dies at 60
1879 John B Hood confederate general (lost Atlanta), dies at 48
1930 William H Taft 27th US President, dies
1952 Arky Vaughn infielder (Pirates & Dodgers), drowns
1961 Charles Coburn Acad award winning actor, dies at 84
1963 Axel Stordahl orch leader (Frank Sinatra Show), dies at 50
1964 Wesley Lau actor (Lt Anderson-Perry Mason), dies at 43
1968 William Talman actor (Hamilton-Perry Mason), dies at 53
1970 Del Moore actor/announcer (Cal-Bachelor Father), dies at 53
1981 Mohammad Ali Rajai president of Iran, assassinated by a bomb
1981 Mohammad Javad Bahonar prime minister of Iran, assassinated by a bomb