28th August, on this day
475 The Roman general
forces western Roman Emperor Julius
Nepos to flee his capital city, Ravenna, and appoints Romulus
Augustus, his own son, as emperor.
king of the Ostrogoths defeats Odoacer at the Battle
of Isonzo, forcing his way into Italy.
1189 The Crusaders begin the Siege
of Acre under Guy
1207 In England,
Liverpool is created a borough by King John
1349 6,000 Jews are killed in Mainz, accused to be the cause of the
1511 Portuguese conquer Malacca.
1521 The Ottoman
Turks occupy Belgrade.
1542 Reinforced with at least 600 arquebusiers and cavalry, Imam Ahmad
Gragn attacks the Portuguese camp in the Battle
of Wofla. The Portuguese are scattered, their leader Christovão
da Gama captured and afterwards executed.
Augustine, Florida, established. It is the oldest surviving European
settlement in the United States.
1609 Delaware Bay explored by Henry
Hudson for the Netherlands
II is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1640 English forces lead by Lord
Conway are defeated by the Scots at the Battle
of Newburn near Newcastle
Amsterdam and Peter
Stuyvesant bars Jews from military service
of Long Island continues
William Herschel discovers Saturn's moon Enceladus
1830 The Tom Thumb
presages the first railway service in the United States.
1845 Scientific American magazine publishes its first issue.
1849 After a month-long siege, Venice, which had declared itself independent,
surrenders to Austria.
1850 Hungarian composer Franz
Liszt conducts the first performance of Richard Wagner's opera
Lohengrin containing the Bridal
Chorus - now better known as 'Here Comes the Bride'
1850 The English Channel telegraph cable is finally laid between Dover
1859 A geomagnetic storm causes the Aurora Borealis to shine so brightly
that it is seen clearly over parts of USA, Europe, and even as far
afield as Japan.
Boyd released from Old Capital Prison in Washington, DC
1862 American Civil War: The Second
Battle of Bull Run begins.
1864 Signing of the First Geneva Convention on the treatment of prisoners
1867 US occupies Midway Islands in the Pacific
1879 In southern Africa, Zulu chief Cetewayo
is captured by British at the end of the Zulu Wars
1884 1st known photograph of a tornado is made near Howard SD
1895 R.L Thomas, secretary and treasurer of the Kinestoscope Co of
New Jersey, US, becomes the world's first film actor, playing the
part of Queen Elizabeth I in the execution of Mary Queen of Scots
1898 Caleb Bradham
renames his carbonated soft drink "Pepsi-Cola".
1899 122 houses, smelting factory, hospital, many facilities destroyed
on hill, cause by heavy rain with debris blow, at Sumitomo Besshi
bronze mine erea, Niihama, Shikoku, Japan, at least 512 killed.
1907 In US, United
Parcel Service, founded by James
E. Casey, begins service, in Seattle
Wilhelmina opens the Peace Palace in The Hague.
1914 World War I: Battle
of Heligoland Bight, the first major naval battle of the war.
between British and German warships in the North Sea. British casualities
numbered 33 killed. The German Navy lost four ships and more than
1914 German troops conquer Namur.
1916 Germany declares war on Romania.
1916 Italy declares war on Germany.
1917 10 suffragists arrested as they picket the White House
1921 2nd Pan-African
Congress meets (London, Brussels and Paris)
1924 Georgian opposition stages the August
Uprising against the Soviet Union.
1931 France and Soviet Union sign a treaty of non-aggression.
1933 For the first time, British police use the BBC to help find a
wanted man. An appeal is broadcast for information on the whereabouts
of murder suspect Stanley Hobday
Motors becomes an independent company.
1938 Northwestern U awards honorary degree to dummy Charlie
1943 In Denmark, a general strike against the Nazi occupation is started.
1944 Marseille and Toulon are liberated.
1945 US forces commanded by General George
Marshall, land in Japan- within a few days of the official Japanese
surrender following the dropping of atom bombs on the Japanese cities
of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
1947 Spanish millionaire matador, Manolette, is killed in the ring
by a bull
1949 Riot prevents Paul
Robeson from singing near Peekskill, NY
Television broadcasts Japan's first television show, including
its first TV advertisement.
Thurmond begins 24-hr filibuster against civil rights bill
releases what would be its first number one hit, "Please Mr.
Postman" by The
Geza DeKaplany tortures wife with acid
Sheridan and the Beatles record "Ya Ya (Parts 1 + 2)"
1963 200,000 demonstrate for equal rights in Washington, DC
1963 Black American civil rights leader Martin
Luther King makes his famous speech 'I
have a dream...' to a rally of more than 200,000 in Washington
riot in Philadelphia
1968 Police and anti-war demonstrators clash at Chicago's Dem Natl
1971 The dollar is allowed to float against the yen for the first
Anne becomes the first member of the British Royal Family to visit
the Soviet Union - arriving in Kieve to ride for Britain in an equestrian
1973 6.8 quake centered in Oaxaca State in Mexico kills 527
Soyuz 15 returns to Earth
1978 Donald Vesco rode 21'-long Kawasaki motorcycle at 318.598 mph
1979 An IRA bomb explodes on the Grand
Place in Brussels.
Hinckley Jr pleads innocent in attempt to kill Presient Reagan
Coe of UK sets 1-mile record of 3:47.33 (since broken)
Centers for Disease Control announces high incidence of Pneumocystis
and Kaposi's sarcoma in gay men
1982 The first Gay
Games are held in San Francisco.
Begin announces his resignation as Prime Minister of Israel
1983 Joseph Kreckman sets record of 2,215 clay pigeons shot in an
1986 British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher is at the re-opening
of the Grand
Hotel in Brighton in which she and senior Conservative Party members
had been staying in 1983 when it was bombed by the IRA
1986 US Navy officer Jerry
A Whitworth sentenced to 365 years for spying
people are killed when three Italian air force jets collide during
an aerobatic display at Ramtein in West Germany
1990 Iraq declares the occupied country of Kuwait to be the 19th province
of Iraq. Kuwait City is renamed Kadhima with a district named after
the Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
1990 The Plainfield
Tornado: An F5 tornado hits in Plainfield, Illinois, and Joliet,
Illinois, killing 28 people.
1991 Ukraine declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
Gorbachev resigns as Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.
1991 5 die in a NYC subway's 3rd worst accident
1996 Official end of the 15 year marriage of Prince Charles and Diana,
1998 Pakistan's National
Assembly passes a constitutional amendment to make the "Qur'an
the "supreme law" but the bill is defeated in the Senate.
'suicide bombing kills 17'
dead' in fresh Turkey blast
die in fresh Iraq violence
elect ex-Islamist president
rage on across Greece
city cleared after clashes
blames US for Georgia role
and army clash in DR Congo
PM says flood 'a calamity'
deny California abduction
death ruled as homicide
'seizes N Korea arms cargo'
attack Nato Afghan bases
as US conservatives rally
injured in US jail riot
occurred on 28th August :
1592 George Villiers
duke of Buckingham, royal minister to James I
1749 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Frankfurt, social philosopher (Faust)
1774 Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton 1st American Catholic saint
1831 Lucy Ware Webb Hayes 1st lady
1833 Sir Edward Burne-Jones England, Pre-Raphaelite painter/designer
1878 George Hoyt Whipple US, astrophysicist (Nobel-1934)
1889 Charles Boyer France, actor (Algiers, Fanny, Barefoot in the
19-- Marla Adams actress (Gotcha, Secret Storm, Young & Restless)
19-- Sonny Shroyer Valdosta Ga, actor (Dukes of Hazzard, Enos)
19-- Steve Whiteman rocker (Kix-Hot Wire)
1901 Paul Henry Lang Budapest, critic/musicologist (NY Herald Tribune)
1903 Bruno Bettelheim US, writer (Uses of Enchantment)
1905 Sam Levene actor (Demon, Gung Ho)
1906 Sir John Betjeman poet laureate of England (Mt Zion)
1908 Roger Tory Peterson NY, ornithologist/writer (How to Know Birds)
1913 Richard Tucker [Reuben Ticker],Brooklyn NY, Tenor (NY Met Opera)
1914 Glenn Osser Munising Mich, orch leader (Paul Whiteman Goodyear
1916 C Wright Mills sociologist, writer (The Power Elite)
1919 Ernest Martin [Markowitz], producer (Feuer & Martin-Chorus
1921 Nancy Kulp Penn, actress (Beverly Hillbillies)
1924 Janet Frame NZ, novelist (Intensive Care, Owls Do Cry)
1924 Peggy Ryan Long Beach Calif, actress (Jenny-Hawaii Five-0)
1925 Marvin Davis Newark NJ, CEO (Davis Oil Company)
1929 Istv n Kert‚sz Budapest Hungary, conductor (Budapest Opera
1929 Rokie Roker Miami Fla, actress (Helen-Jeffersons)
1930 Ben Gazzara NYC, actor (Run for Your Life, QB VII)
1931 John Shirley-Quirk Liverpool England, baritone (Death in Venice)
1932 Andy Bathgate Canada, NY Ranger (1958 NHL MVP)
1939 Cassie Mackin newswoman (NBC TV)
1940 Richard Sanders actor (Les Nessman-WKRP, Berrengers, Spencer)
1940 William Cohen (Sen-R-Me)
1941 Paul Peter Plishka Old Forge Penn, bass (Bronx Botanical Gardens)
1943 David Soul Chicago, actor (Starsky & Hutch, Here Comes the
1943 Lou Pinella Yankee manager (1969 AL rookie of the year)
1946 Bob Beamon US, long jumper (Olympic-gold-1968)
1947 Alice Playton NYC, actress (Who Killed Mary Whats 'er Name)
1949 Hugh Cornwell rocker (The Stranglers-Dreamtime)
1950 Ron "Louisana Lightning" Guidry Yankee pitcher (Cy
1951 Wayne Osmond Ogden Utah, singer (Osmond Brothers, Donnie &
1957 Daniel Stern Stamford Ct, actor (City Slickers, Wonder Years)
1958 Scott Hamilton Toledo, figure skating champion (Olympic-gold-1984)
1960 Emma Samms [Samuels], London, actress (Colby's, General Hospital)
1960 Leroy Chiao Milwaukee Wisc, astronaut
1961 Kim Appleby rocker (Mel & Kim-Coming to America)
1963 Reyna Thompson NFL corner back (NY Giants)
1965 James Jagger son of Mick Jagger & Jerry Hall
1965 Julie Brown MTV VJ (approx)
1966 Jerry Fehily rocker (Hothouse Flowers-Don't Go)
1968 Scarlet Annette Morgan Pfafftown NC, Miss NC-America-1991
1969 Jason Priestley Vancouver BC, actor (Brandon-Beverly Hills 90210)
1969 Mary McCartney daughter of Beatle Paul McCartney
1971 Janet Evans US swimmer (Olympics-1992)
Deaths which occurred
on August 28th:
1818 Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable trader, founder of Chicago, dies
1955 Emmett Till kidnapped & lynched at 14, in Money Mississippi
1961 Thomas Connolly 1st baseball umpire elected to hall of fame,
1964 Gracie Allen Mrs George Burns/comedian (Burns & Allen), dies
1967 Paul Muni actor, dies at 71
1968 Nick Castle choreographer (Dinah Shore, Judy Garland), dies at
1983 Jan Clayton actress (Ellen Miller-Lassie), dies at 66
1985 Ruth Gordon actress, dies at 88 suffering a stroke in her sleep