27th August, on this day

479 BC - Greco-Persian Wars: Persian forces led by Mardonius are routed by Pausanias, the Spartan commander of the Greek army in the Battle of Plataea. Along the with the Greek victory on the same day in the Battle of Mycale, the Persian invasion of Greece ended
55 BC Official date for the Roman landing in Britain by Julius Caesar accompanied by 10,000 men of the 7th and 10th Roman Legions
410 Visigothic sack of Rome ends after three days.
663 Remnants of the Korean Baekje Kingdom and their Yamato Japanese allies engage the combined naval forces of the Tang Chinese and Silla Koreans on the Geum River in Korea; the outcome is a significant Tang-Silla victory, while the Japanese would not attempt another invasion of Korea until the Japanese invasions of Korea of the late 16th century.
1665 "Ye Bare & Ye Cubb" is 1st play performed in N America (Acomac, Va)
1667 Earliest recorded hurricane in US (Jamestown Virginia)
1689 The Treaty of Nerchinsk is signed by Russia and the Qing empire.
1776 British defeat Americans in Battle of Long Island
1783 1st hydrogen balloon flight (unmanned); reaches 900 m altitude
1784 The first British balloon ascent is made by James Tytler at Edinburgh
1789 French National Assembly issues "Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen"
1793 French counter-revolution, port of Toulon revolts and admits the British fleet, which lands troops and seizes the port leading to Siege of Toulon.
1798 United Irishmen and French forces clash with the British army in the Battle of Castlebar, part of the Irish Rebellion of 1798.
1813 130,000 French troops, commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte, defeat a 200,000 strong Austrian Army at the Battle of Dresden
1828 Uruguay is formally proclaimed independent at preliminary peace talks brokered by Britain between Brazil and Argentina during their war.
1859 The world's first commercial productive oil well is drilled at Titusville, Pennsylvannia, by Edwin Drake
1861 Union (Northern) forces attack Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.
1883 Krakatoa, west of Java, explodes with a force of 1,300 megatons
1896 Anglo-Zanzibar War: the shortest war in world history : Zanzibar loses to England in a 38 minute war (9:02 AM-9:40 AM)
1900 Boer War: In South Africa, the Boer army commanded by Louis Botha is defeated by the British at Bergendal
1912 Edgar Rice Burroughs' publishes Tarzan
1913 Lt Peter Nestrov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)
1916 Romania declares war against Austria-Hungary, entering World War I as one of the Allied nations. It is soon occupied by German and Bulgarian forces.
1921 The British install the son of Sharif Hussein bin Ali (leader of the Arab Revolt of 1916 against the Ottoman Empire) as King Faisal I of Iraq.
1927 American aviators Billy Brock and Ed Schlee fly the Pride of Detroit over London on the way to completing the first-ever flight around the world.
1927 Parks College, America's oldest aviation school, opens
1928 16 die in a NYC subway's 2nd worst accident
1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact, where 60 nations agree to outlaw war
1939 In Germany, a jet-propelled aircraft, the Heinkel 178, makes its' first flight at Marienehe in north Germany
1940 Caproni-Campini CC-2, experimental jet plane, maiden flight (Milan)
1943 Japanese forces evacuate New Georgia Island in the Pacific Theater of Operations during World War II.
1945 US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender
1950 General Foods blacklists Jean Muir of Aldrich Family as a communist
1952 Reparation negotiations between West Germany and Israel end in Luxembourg; West Germany to pay 3 billion Deutschmark.
1957 The Constitution of Malaysia came into force.
1961 Francis the Talking Mule is the mystery guest on "What's My Line"
1962 Mariner 2 launched; 1st probe to fly by Venus
1966 English yachtsman Francis Chichester leaves Plymouth Harbour to begin a solo voyage around the world aboard his boat, Gipsy Moth IV
1966 Race riot in Waukegan, Illinois
1969 Israeli commando force penetrates deep into Egyptian territory to stage mortar attack on regional Egyptian Army headquarters in the Nile Valley of Upper Egypt.
1971 A coup attempt fails in the African nation of Chad. The Chadian government accuses Egypt of playing a role in the attempt and breaks off diplomatic relations
1975 The Governor of Portuguese Timor abandons its capital, Dili, and flees to Atauro Island, leaving control to a rebel group.
1975 Veronica and Colin Scargill (England) complete tandem bicycle ride, a record 18,020 miles around the world
1979 Lord Mountbatten, cousin of Queen Elizabeth II, is killed by an IRA bomb planted on his boat Shadow V off the coast of County Sligo, Ireland. Another bomb near Warrenpoint, Northern Ireland kills 18 British soldiers.
1981 Divers begin to recover a safe found aboard the Andrea Doria
1984 President Reagan announces the Teacher in Space project
1985 The Nigerian government is peacefully overthrown by Army Chief of Staff Major General Ibrahim Babangida.
1989 100 march through Bensonhurst protesting racial killings
1990 52 Americans arrive in Turkey from Iraq
1990 The British Broadcasting Corporation launches BBC Radio Five Live at 9am GMT with a mixture of sports, news, and children's programming.
1991 The European Community recognizes the independence of the Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
1991 Moldova declares independence from the USSR.
1993 The Rainbow Bridge, connecting Tokyo's Shibaura and the island of Odaiba, is completed.
1995 In London, the Rugby Union authorities announce that the amatuer game is turning professional
1997 A Cambridgeshire family who sold everything to sail around the world is rescued from their crippled yacht by the Royal Navy in the Bay of Biscay
2000 Ostankino Tower in Moscow catches fire, three people are killed.
2003 Mars makes its closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,000 years, passing approximately 34,646,416 miles (55,758,006 kilometers) from Earth.
2006 Comair Flight 5191 crashed en route from Blue Grass Airport in Lexington, Kentucky, to Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia. Forty-nine of the 50 people aboard the flight were confirmed dead in the hours following the crash

27th August 2006

Seized journalists freed in Gaza

Many dead in Kentucky plane crash

Third of China 'hit by acid rain'

27th August 2007

Bush ally Gonzales resigns

Arrests over Russia writer murder

Afghanistan opium record harvest

27th August 2008

'Scores dead' in Pakistan clashes

Migrants feared drowned off Malta

Gaddafi charged for cleric kidnap

27th August 2009

Suicide bomb hits Pakistan border

'Militants die in drone attack'

Missing girl 'found 18 years on'

27th August 2010

Many children die in Nigerian lead poisoning

12 dead in Turkey landslides

DR Congo killings 'may be genocide'

Birthdates which occurred on 27th August :

1770 Georg Wilhelm F Hegel German philosopher/inventor (dialectic)
1809 Hannibal Hamlin (R) 15th VP (1861-65)
1865 Charles Gates Dawes (R) 30th VP (1925-29, Nobel 1925)
1871 Theodore Dreiser US, novelist (Sister Carrie, American Tragedy)
1882 Samuel Goldwyn pioneer film maker/producer (MGM)
1886 Eric Coates Hucknall, Nottinghamshire, England, composer
1894 Charles Meredith Knoxville Pa, actor (Court of Last Resort)
1899 C.S. Forester Engl, historical novelist, created Horatio Hornblower
19-- G.W. Bailey Port Arthur Tx, actor (Dr Beale-St Elsewhere)
19-- Harrison Page Atlanta Ga, actor (CPO Sharkey, Supertrain)
1905 Frederick O'Neal Brooksville Miss, actor (Car 54 Where Are You)
1908 Frank Leahy O'Neill Nebraska, football coach (Notre Dame)
1908 Lyndon B Johnson (D) 36th Pres (1963-1969)
1908 Martha Raye [Margaret Reed], Butte Mont, actress (Martha Raye Show)
1910 Mother Teresa [Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu], Yugoslavia (Nobel 1979)
1915 Walter W Heller economist (Old Myths & New Realities)
1927 Liselott Linsenhoff German FR, equestrian (Olympic-gold-1972)
1929 Elizabeta Bagrintseve USSR, discus thrower (Olympic-silver-1952)
1929 Ira Levin author (Rosemary's Baby, Sleuth, This Perfect Day)
1932 Antonia Fraser biographer (Mary Queen of Scots)
1937 Tommy Sands singer/actor (Teenage Rock, Dream With Me)
1941 Yuri V Malyshev cosmonaut (Soyuz T-2, T-11)
1942 Daryl Dragon Pasadena Calif, keyboardist (Capt & Tennille)
1943 Susan "Tuesday" Weld NYC, actress (Dobie Gillis, Wild in Country)
1949 Barbara Bach [Goldbach], Queens NY, actress (Spy Who Loved Me)
1950 Charles Fleischer Wash DC, comedian (Roger Rabbit)
1950 Cynthia Potter US, springboard diver (Olympic-bronze-1976)
1952 Pee-wee Herman aka Paul Reubens, actor (Pee-wee's Big Adventure)
1954 John Lloyd tennis player (former husband of Chris Everet)
1955 Diana Scarwid actress (Extremities, Psycho 3, Strange Invaders, Heat)
1959 Gerhard Berger formula-1 racer (Italian Grand Prix-1988)
1961 "Downtown" Julie Brown TV host (Club MTV, Inside Edition)
1963 Patty Duffek Woodland Hills Calif, playmate (May, 1984)


Deaths which occurred on August 27th:
1576 Titan Italian artist, dies
1635 Lope Felix de Vega dramatist/poet (Angelica, Arcadia), dies at 72
1840 William Kneass 3rd US chief engraver (1824-40), dies in office
1879 Sir Rowland Hill introduced postage stamps, dies at 84
1958 Dr Ernest O Lawrence inventor (Cyclotron-Nobel 1939), dies at 57
1963 W E B Du Bois scholar/founder (NAACP), dies at 95 in Accra Ghana
1967 Brian Epstein Beatles' manager, dies
1971 Bennett Cerf (Random House)/panelist (What's My Line), dies at 73
1975 Haile Selassie depossed Ethiopian emperor, dies at 83
1977 Steve Dunne actor (Professional Father), dies at 59
1978 Robert Shaw actor (Dan-Buccaneers), dies at 51
1979 Earl Mountbatten British adm of the Fleet, assassinated by IRA
1980 Sam Levenson humorist (Sam Levenson Show), dies at 68
1981 Joan Edwards singer (Joan Edwards Show), dies at 62
1984 Billy Sands actor (Phil Silvers Show, McHale's Navy), dies at 73
1990 Stevie Ray Vaughan blues guitarist, dies in a helicopter crash at 35