August, on this day
elected Western Roman Emperor.
476 Odoacer is
named Rex italiae by his troop.
Columba reported seeing monster in Loch Ness
851 Erispoe defeats Charles
the Bald near the Breton town of Jengland.
of the Standard between Scotland and England.
1454 Jews are expelled from Brunn Moravia by order of King
Battle of Bosworth Field in Leicestershire. Richard III is killed
as he tries to reach the usurper of his crown, Henry Tudor. It's the
last battle in the War of the Roses between the Houses of Lancaster
Carranza, Spanish archbishop, is arrested for heresy.
1639 Madras (now
Chennai), India, is founded by the British East India Company after
buying a sliver of land from local Nayak rulers.
1642 Beginning of the English Civil War - between supporters' of King
Charles I (Royalists or Cavaliers)
and of Parliament (Roundheads),
when the King raises his standard at Nottingham
Barsimson arrives in New Amsterdam. He is the first known Jewish
immigrant to America.
1717 Spanish troops land on Sardinia.
1762 1st female (Ann
Franklin) US newspaper editor, Newport RI, Mercury
1770 James Cook's
expedition lands on the east coast of Australia.
George III proclaims colonies to be in open rebellion
1780 James Cook's
ship HMS Resolution returns to England (Cook having been killed on
Hawaii during the voyage).
1787 John Fitch's steamboat completes its tests, years before Fulton
Slave Revolution begins
1798 French troops land in Kilcummin harbour, County Mayo, Ireland
to aid Wolfe Tone's United Irishmen's Irish Rebellion.
de La Mar becomes President of Peru.
Turner's slave rebellion revolt commences just after midnight
in Southampton, Virginia, leading to the deaths of more than 50 whites
and several hundred African Americans who were killed in retaliation
for the uprising.
1846 New Mexico is annexed by the USA
1849 First air raid in history. Austria launched pilotless balloons
against the Italian city of Venice.
1851 Gold fields discovered in Australia
1851 Yacht "America" wins 1st Royal Yacht Squadron Cup (America's
1864 Signing of the Geneva
Convention for the protection of wounded and those taken prisoner
during war - leading to the founding of the International Red Cross
Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified,
providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.
Motor Company founded.
1902 President Teddy Roosevelt became 1st US chief executive to ride
in a car
1902 The German Luger
becomes the official German sidearm for both World Wars.
1906 1st Victor Victrola manufactured
1911 Theft of the Mona Lisa is discovered.
1914 In Belgium, British and German troops clash for the first time
in the war.
1922 Irish republican Michael
Collins, the founder of Sinn Fein, is assassinated by extremist
republicans in an ambush in Ireland
1926 Gold discovered in Johannesburg, South Africa
1932 BBC begins experimental regular TV broadcasts
1941 German troops reach the outskirts of Leningrad - completely surrounding
the city on September 8th and beginning a siege
which lasts until January 1944
1942 Brazil declared war on Germany and Italy.
1944 Thirty-two Spaniards and four French Maquis tackle a German column
(1,300 men in 60 lorries, with 6 tanks & 2 self-propelled guns),
at La Madeiline, France. Three Maquis are wounded, with 110 Germans
killed and 200 wounded. .
Charlotte earthquake: Canada's largest earthquake since the 1700
Gibson becomes 1st black competetor in national tennis competition
Globetrotters play in Olympic Stadium, Berlin before 75,052
1952 The penal colony on Devil's
Island is permanently closed.
1956 President Eisenhower and VP Nixon renominated by Rep convention
1962 15 terrorists attack French leader General de Gaulle in the 22nd
of 31 attempts on his life. Despite being sprayed with a volley of
at least 150 shots, de Gaulle is only slightly injured by flying glass
1962 The NS Savannah,
the world's first nuclear-powered cargo ship, completes its maiden
1963 NASA civilian test pilot Joe
Walker in X-15 reaches 67 miles (106 km)
1968 1st papal visit to Latin America (Pope
Paul VI arrives in Bogota)
Cynthia Lennon sues John Lennon for divorce on adultry
1969 Hurricane Camille strikes U.S. Gulf Coast kills 255
1971 J. Edgar Hoover and John Mitchell announce the arrest of 20 of
the Camden 28.
1972 Rhodesia is expelled by the
IOC for its racist policies.
Henry Kissinger is named US Secretary of State - replacing William
1978 The Shroud
of Turin goes on show for the first time, on the high altar at
St John's Cathedral in Turin
1978 The Frente
Sandinista de Liberacion or FSLN occupies national palace in Nicaragua.
1979 200 black leaders, meet in NY, to support Andrew Young
Ariel Sharon urges Palestinians to discuss peaceful coexistence
1984 Rep convention in Dallas renominates Pres Reagan and VP Bush
1985 A British Airtours Boeing 737 bursts into flames at the end of
the runway at Manchester Airport after aborting its' take off. 55
are killed by flames and strong fumes - another 80 passengers manage
1986 NASA announces tests designed to verify ignition pressure dynamics
1987 Madonna's "Who's
"That Girl," single goes to number 1
1988 Australia unveils 1st platinum coin (Koala)
1989 1st complete ring around Neptune discovered
1990 President Bush calls up military reserves
1992 FBI HRT sniper Lon
Horiuchi shoots and kills Vicki Weaver during an 11-day siege
at her home at Ruby Ridge, Idaho.
Gidada is elected President of the newly-named Federal Democratic
Republic of Ethiopia
1998 Republican terrorist group the Irish National Liberation Army
(INLA) announces a 'complete ceasefire'
2003 Alabama Chief Justice Roy
Moore was suspended after refusing to comply with a federal court
order to remove a rock inscribed with the Ten Commandments from the
lobby of the Alabama Supreme Court building.
2004 A version of The Scream and Madonna, two paintings by Edvard
Munch, are stolen at gunpoint from a museum in Oslo, Norway.
2007 The Storm
botnet, a botnet created by the Storm
Worm, sends out a record 57 million e-mails in one day
occurred on 22nd August :
M Willard US, artist (Spirit of '76)
1862 Claude Debussy St Germain-en-Laye, composer (La Mer, Clair de
1891 Francis McDonald Bowling Green Ky, actor (Will-Adv of Champion)
1893 Dorothy Parker US, short story writer (1958 Marjorie Peabody
1895 Paul White Bangor Maine, composer (Adante & Rondo for Cello)
19-- Debbie Peterson rocker (Bangles-Walk Like an Egyptian)
19-- Tricia Pursley actress (All My Children)
1900 Elizabeth Bergner Vienna Austria, actress (Catherine the Great)
1903 Ren‚ Wellek Vienna Austria, writer (Concepts of Criticism)
1904 Deng Xiaoping Chinese leader (1976-1983)
1909 Mel Hein NFL center (NY Giants)
1911 Edith Atwater Chic, actress (Phyllis-Love on a Rooftop)
1917 John Lee Hooker Mississippi, blues musician (Canned Heat)
1920 Dr Denton Cooley heart surgeon (1st artifical heart transplant)
1920 Ray Bradbury Ill, sci-fi author (Fahrenheit 451, Illustrated
1922 Micheline Presle Paris, actress (Nea, Donkey Skin)
1926 Honor Blackman London, actress (Pussy Galore-Goldfinger)
1928 John Lupton Highland Park Ill, actor (Tom-Broken Arrow)
1928 Karlheinz Stockhausen M”drath, Germany, composer (Kontrapunkte)
1932 Gerald P Carr Denver Colorado, Col USMC/astronaut (Skylab 4)
1933 Sylvia Koscina actress (Jessica, Hercules)
1934 Diana Sands actress (Raisin in the Sun, Doctor's Wife)
1934 Norman Schwartzkopf NJ, US General (Liberated Kuwait from Iraq)
1935 Morton Dean Fall River Mass, TV newscaster (CBS, ABC)
1939 Carl Yastrzemski NY, Boston Red Sox great (1967 AL MVP, Hall
1940 George Reinholt Phila, (Another World, One Life to Live)
1940 Valerie Harper Sufferin NY, (Mary Tyler Moore Show, Rhoda, Valerie)
1942 Kathy Lennon Santa Monica Calif, singer (Lennon Sisters)
1945 James G Richardson Gainesville Fla, actor (Tim Cassidy-Sierra)
1945 Ron Dante Staten Island NY, rocker (Archies-Sugar, Sugar)
1947 Cindy Williams Van Nuys Calif, actress (Shirley-Laverne &
1949 Diana Nyad swimmer (1st to swim Bahamas to Fla-1979)
1959 Juan Croucier heavy metal rocker (Ratt-Round & Round)
1961 Roland Orzabal singer (Tears for Fears-Shout, Head over Heels)
1963 Terry Catledge NBA star (Orlando Magic)
1964 Mats Wilander Sweden, tennis player (1988 US Open)
1966 Mark Michaels heavy metal guitarist (Teach Yourself Rhythm Guitar)
Deaths which occurred on August 22nd:
1818 Warren Hastings 1st governor-general of India (1773-84), dies
1922 Michael Collins Sinn Fein leader, killed by rebels
1926 Charles William Elliot Pres of Harvard (1869-1909), dies at 92
1977 Sebastian Cabot actor (Mr French-Family Affair), dies at 59
1978 Jomo Kenyatta president of Kenya, dies at 83
1991 Colleen Dewhurst actress (Murphy Brown), dies of cancer at 67