13th August, on this day

3114 BC - According to the Lounsbury correlation, the Maya calendar starts.
523 St John I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1315 Louis X of France marries Clemence d'Anjou.
1326 Aradia de Toscano, according to legend/folklore, is initiated into a Dianic witchcraft cult, subsequently founds the tradition of Stregheria later known as the Malandanti.
1415 Hundred Years' War: Henry V of England lands at Chef-en-Caux, France with 8000 men.
1516 Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain signed. In it, Francis recognises Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles recognises Francis's claim to Milan.
1521 Spanish conquerors led by Hernán Cortés.captured Mexico City from Aztecs
1553 Michael Servetus arrested by John Calvin in Geneva as a heretic.
1642 Christiaan Huygens discovers Martian south polar cap
1704 English commander, the Duke of Marlborough, wins the Battle of Blenheim in Germany, in which Anglo-Austrian forces under Marlborough and Prince Eugene defeat a combined French and Bavarian army
1792 French revolutionairies imprison the French Royal Family including the wife of King Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette
1814 Cape of Good Hope becomes a British colony - sold to Britain by the Dutch for £6 million
1814 The Convention of London, a treaty between the United Kingdom and the United Provinces, is signed in London.
1831 Nat Turner leads uprising of slaves in Virginia
1868 Quakes kill 25,000 and causes $300 million damages (Peru and Ecuador)
1889 The coin-operated telephone is patented in the United States by William Gray of Hartford, Connecticut
1906 Black soldiers raid Brownsville Texas
1907 In US, 1st New York taxicab
1913 Otto Witte, an acrobat, is crowned King of Albania.
1913 Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley.
1918 Women enlist in the United States Marine Corps for the first time. Opha Mae Johnson is the first woman to enlist.
1918 Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany.
1920 Polish-Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw begins, lasts till August 25. The Red Army is defeated.
1923 Kemal Attaturk is elected the first president of Turkey
1928 Soviet Union Spartacan Games begins
1937 Battle of Shanghai begins.
1939 Sabotage suspected in crash of the 'City of San Francisco' which fell into the Humboldt River killing 24. (Elko, Nevada)
1940 Battle of Britain begins - The Luftwaffe launches a series of attacks on British fighter bases and radar installations.
1941 German spy Josef Jakobs is the last person to be executed at the Tower of London
1945 35 Jews sacrifice their lives to blow up Nazi rubber plant in Silesia
1946 Britain transfers illegal immigrants bound to Palestine, to Cyprus
1960 Central African Republic and Chad proclaim independence from France
1961 East German border guards stop vehicles passing between east and west Berlin via the Brandenburg Gate. Barbed wire is strewn across the road - to be replaced later by the Berlin Wall
1964 Britain carries out its last executions before the abolition of capital punishment - Peter Allen is hanged at Walton Prison, Liverpool, and John Walby at Strangeways Prison, Manchester - both convicted murderers
1968 Alexandros Panagoulis attempts to assassinate the Greek dictator Colonel G. Papadopoulos in Varkiza, Athens.
1977 In London, at least 350 people are injured during a National Front rally in Lewisham

1977 1st test glide of the shuttle
1979 The roof of the uncompleted Rosemont Horizon near Chicago, Illinois collapses, killing 5 workers and injuring 16.
1988 Ronald J Dossenbach sets world record for pedaling across Canada from Vancouver, BC to Halifax, NS in 13 days, 15 hr, 4 min
1991 Britain introduces the Dangerous Dog Act in which aggressive dogs must be muzzled and held on a leash in public
1996 Marc Dutroux, his wife Michelle Martin, and Michel Lelièvre are arrested on suspicion of kidnapping. All are found guilty on June 22, 2004, with sentences of life, 30, and 25 years, respectively.
1997 Following worldwide press speculation, Diana, Princess of Wales issues a statement insisting she had no plans to marry Dodi Al Fayed
2004 Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 storm, strikes Punta Gorda, Florida and devastates the surrounding area.
2004 Black Friday crackdown by NSS on a peaceful protest in the capital city of Maldives, Malé.
2004 156 Congolese Tutsi refugees massacred at the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi.

13th August 2006

Israeli cabinet backs truce deal

Spain battles raging forest fires

Netherlands 'does most for poor'

13th August 2007

US launches new offensive in Iraq

'Stolen' Guatemala children found

Astronauts begin second spacewalk

13th August 2008

US forces to deliver Georgia aid

Aid women killed in Afghanistan

Iraq contractors 'cost US $85bn'

13th August 2009

Philippines clashes kill 43

Double suicide bombs in Iraq

France and Germany exit recession

13th August 2010

German economy sees 'record' growth of 2.2%

2 firefighters killed in Spain

Iran nuclear plant start date set

Birthdates which occurred on 13th August :

1422 William Caxton 1st English printer (Histories of Troy)
1655 Johann Christoph Denner inventor (clarinet)
1802 Nikolaus Lenau Hungary, German poet (Faust, Die Albigenser)
1814 Anders Jonas ngstr”m Sweden, physicist, founded spectroscopy
1818 Lucy Stone pioneered women's rights
1819 Sir George Gabriel Stokes physicist/mathematician (Spectroscope)
1820 Sir George Grove London, England, biblical scholar/musicologist
1860 Annie Oakley Drake Ohio, frontierswoman (Buffalo Bill's Wild West)
1888 John Logie Baird Scotland, inventor (father of TV)
1895 Robert Burton actor (Dr Gordon-Kings Row)
1898 Jean Borota France, tennis champ (35 Wimbledons between 1922-64)
1899 Alfred Hitchcock London, director (Psycho, Birds, Rear Window)
19-- Alex Donnelley Frankfurt Germany, actress (Young & Restless)
19-- Alma Cuervo Tampa Fla, actress (Sylvia-AKA Pablo)
19-- Hank Cheyne actor (Another World, Young & Restless)
19-- Jane Carr actress (Louise-Dear John)
19-- Sid Falck rocker (Overkill-Hello From the Gutter)
1902 Felix Wankel Germany, inventor (Wankel rotary-piston engine)
1902 Regis Toomey Pitts Pa, actor (Burke's Law, Petticoat Junction)
1904 Charles "Buddy" Rogers actor (Wings)
1907 Alfred Alwin Felix Krupp Essen Germany, arms manufacturer
1908 Gene Raymond NYC, actor (Paris 7000, Fireside Theater)
1909 John Beal actor (Amityville 3D)
1912 Ben Hogan Dublin Tx, PGA golfer (US Open 1950, 51, 53)
1912 Rita Johnson Worcester Mass, actress (All Mine to Give)
1918 Frederick Sanger England, chemist (Nobel 1958, 1980)
1919 Rex Humbard televanglist
1920 George Shearing London, blind pianist/composer (Lullabye of Byrdland)
1921 Neville Brand actor (Cahill, US Marshal)
1927 Fidel Castro Ruz Cuban political leader (1959- )
1929 Pat Harrington Jr NYC, actor (Danny Thomas Show, 1 Day at a Time)
1930 Don Ho Hawaii, ukulele player (Tiny Bubbles)
1931 Norman Read NZ, 50K walker (Olympic-gold-1956)
1934 Gary Davidson founder of ABA, WHA, WFL
1939 Saul Steinberg artist (The Art of Living)
1942 Robert L Stewart Wash DC, Brig Gen US Army/astronaut (STS 41B, 51J)
1943 Gary Ilman US, 100m freestyle (Olympic-4th-1964)
1947 Gretchen Corbett Camp Sherman Ore, actress (Beth-Rockford Files)
1948 Kathleen Battle Portsmouth Ohio, soprano (Shephard-Tannh„user)
1949 Bobby Clarke Manitoba, NHL player/coach (Phila Flyers)
1949 Sheralee Ft Lauderdale Fla, vocalist (Your Hit Parade)
195- Kavi Raz India, actor (VJ Kochar-St Elsewhere)
1951 Dan Fogelberg Peoria Ill, rocker (Same Auld Lang Syne)
1955 Betsy King LPGA golfer (1990 Dinah Shore, 1990 US Women's Open)
1958 Feargal Sharkey rocker (Undertones-Never Never, Good Heart)
1959 Danny Bonaduce actor (Danny-Partridge Family) (1959 approx)
1959 Mark Nevin rocker (Fairground Attraction-Find My Love)
1961 Dawnn Lewis actress (Jaleesa-Different World)
1963 Pamela Jean Stein Syracuse NY, playmate (Nov, 1987)
1963 Tigg Ketler Chula Vista Ca, drummer (Bang Tango-Dancin' on Coals)
1964 Ian Haughland heavy metal rocker (Europe-The Final Countdown)
1967 Quinn Cummings LA Calif, actress (Annie-Family, Goodbye Girl)


Deaths which occurred on August 13th:
1972 George Wiess Yankee GM, dies
1982 Charles Walters director, dies at 68
1982 Joe E Ross comedian (Toody-Car 54, Phil Silvers Show), dies at 77
1984 Clyde Cook actor, dies in his sleep at 92
1985 Marion Martin actress, dies at 67
1988 Otto E Passman (Rep-D-La, 1947-77), dies at 88
1989 Tim Richmond race car driver (won 13 NASCAR races), dies of AIDS
1991 Jack Ryan inventor (Barbie Doll, Hot Wheels), dies at 65