1st August, on this day

33 BC - Octavian (later known as Augustus) enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Republic.
527 Justinian I becomes the sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire.
902 Taormina, the last Byzantine stronghold in Sicily, is captured by the Aghlabid army.
1203 Isaac II Angelus, restored Eastern Roman Emperor, declares his son Alexius IV Angelus co-emperor after pressure from the forces of the Ciaran Fourth Crusade.
1291 Everlasting League forms, basis of Swiss Confederation
1461 Edward IV is crowned king of England.
1492 Explorer Christopher Columbus reaches the American mainland and names it Santa Isla, believing it to be an island
1619 1st black Americans (20) land at Jamestown, Virginia
1664 The Ottoman Empire is defeated in the Battle of Saint Gotthard by an Austrian army led by Raimondo Montecuccoli, resulting in the Peace of Vasvár.
1714 Elector of Hanover, George Louis, is named King George I of Great Britain following the death of Queen Anne in line with the Act of Settlement signed in 1701
1716 1st sculling race (London Bridge to Chelsea)
1774 English chemist and Presbyterian Minister Joseph Priestley identifies a new gas- calling its a 'new species of air' - later called oxygen
1785 Caroline Herschel becomes 1st woman discoverer of a comet
1789 US Customs begins enforcing Tariff Act
1790 1st US census (population of 3,939,214)
1793 France becomes the first country to introduce a metric system for weights and measures - as part of French Revolutionary ideals of change
1794 Whiskey Rebellion begins
1798 A British fleet, commanded by Lord Horatio Nelson, defeats the French fleet at Aboukir Bay in the Battle of the Nile - stopping Napoleon Bonaparte's plans to invade the Middle East
1800 The Act of Union 1800 is passed in which merges the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
1820 London's Regent's Canal opens.
1828 Bolton and Leigh Railway opens to freight traffic.
1831 Opening of new London Bridge (now sold ,dismantled and transported to Arizona, USA ) over the River Thames by King William IV
1832 The Black Hawk War ends.
1834 British Empire abolishes slavery. An estimated 750,000 slaves are freed
1842 Lombard Street Riot erupts
1852 SF Methodists establish 1st black church, Zion Methodist
1861 Brazil recognises Confederacy
1863 Cavalry action near Brandy Station-End of Gettysburg Campaign
1867 In US Blacks vote for 1st time in a state election in South (Tenn)
1869 1st voyage down the US Colorado River
1873 World's first cable car system opens in San Francisco, California, USA
1876 Colorado becomes 38th state
1894 The First Sino-Japanese War erupts between Japan and China over Korea.
1896 George Samuelson completes rowing the Atlantic (NY to England)
1902 The United States buys the rights to the Panama Canal from France.
1903 During a congress in London the Russian Social Democratic Party splits into the Mensheviks (minority) led by Georgi Plecharov and the Bolsheviks (majority) led by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin
1903 In US 1st coast-to-coast automobile trip (SF-NY) completed
1914 Ahead of the outbreak of World War I, Germany declares war on Russia.
1914 The Swiss Army mobilises
1917 Frank Little, IWW organizer, lynched in Butte, MT
1927 The Nanchang Uprising marks the first significant battle in the Chinese Civil War between the Kuomintang and Communist Party of China. This day is commemorated as the anniversary of the founding of the People's Liberation Army.
1934 In Germany, Adolf Hitler becomes Reichfurhrer following the death of President Hindenberg
1936 Adolph Hitler opens Berlin Olympic Games
1939 American band leader Glenn Miller records 'In The Mood' which later becomes his theme tune
1943 Race riot in Harlem, NYC
1941 The first Jeep is produced
1944 Anne Frank makes the last entry in her diary.
1944 Start of the Warsaw uprising in Poland against the German occupation forces. It lasts 63 days before forced to surrender. Many of the leaders are either shot or sent to concentration camps
1950 American Bowling Congress ends all-white-males rule
1950 King Leopold of Belgium abdicates, Baudouin becomes king
1950 Territory of Guam created
1953 California introduces sales tax (for education)
1953 Northern Rhodesia becomes part of Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
1955 1st microgravity research begins
1957 1st commercial building heated by Sun (Albuquerque NM)
1960 Islamabad declared as the federal capital of the Government of Pakistan.
1960 Benin (Dahomey) gains independence from France
1960 Chubby Checker releases "The Twist"
1961 Comic strip hero Spiderman makes his debut
1962 Ghana President Kwame Nkrumah escapes as assassination attempt when a hand grenade explodes nearby
1963 The Beatles Book is sold out on its 1st day of sale
1963 Britain announces that the Island of Malta in the Mediteranean will gain its' independence in May 1964
1964 Beatles' "Hard Day's Night, A," single goes to number 1 and stays for 2 weeks
1964 The Belgian Congo is renamed the Republic of the Congo.
1965 Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands announces her engagement to Claus von Amsberg.
1966 Charles Whitman climbs University of Texas tower and shoots 12 dead
1966 Purges of intellectuals and imperialists becomes official People's Republic of China policy at the beginning of the Cultural Revolution.
1967 Israel annexes East Jerusalem.
1968 The coronation is held of Hassanal Bolkiah, the 29th Sultan of Brunei.
1969 110,000 attend Atlantic City Pop Festival
1969 The unmanned US spacecraft Mariner begins beaming pictures of the surface of Mars back to Earth
1971 George Harrison's concert for Bangladesh takes place in NYC
1972 1st article exposing Wategate scandal (Bernstein-Woodward)
1975 In Britain, cigarette advertising is banned on television.
1975 Helsinki Pact guaranteeing boundaries, rights signed by 35 nations
1976 Liz Taylor's 6th divorce (re-divorces Richard Burton)
1976 Trinidad and Tobago become an independent republic within the British Commonwealth
1977 Former Lockheed U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers dies when the news helicopter he was piloting in Los Angeles crashes after running out of fuel
1980 Buttevant Rail Disaster kills 18 and injures dozens of train passengers in Ireland.
1981 MTV premiers at 12:01 AM
1981 General Omar Torrijos of Panama dies in a plane crash.
1987 Bananarama's Siobhan Fahey marries Eurythmics Dave Stewart
1987 Crossbow flight record (2,005 yds 1'9") set by Harry Drake in Nevada
1987 Mike Tyson beats Tony Tucker to become undisputed boxing champ
1988 Deep Rover research submarine unveiled at Crater Lake, Oregon
1990 Iraq pulls out of talks with Kuwait
1991 Actress Hedy Lamarr, 77, arrested for shoplifting in Florida
1993 The Great Flood of 1993 comes to a peak. The Mississippi River crested at St. Louis, hitting a record 49.58 feet above flood stage. The Missouri River would peak the next day (August 2) in St. Charles, Missouri at a record 39.6 feet above flood stage. .
2001 Bulgaria, Cyprus, Latvia, Malta, Slovenia and Slovakia join the European Environment Agency.
2001 Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore has a Ten Commandments monument installed in the judiciary building, leading to a lawsuit to have it removed and his own removal from office.
2004 A supermarket fire kills 396 people and injures 500 in Asunción, Paraguay.
2007 The I-35W Mississippi River Bridge spanning the Mississippi River in Minneapolis, Minnesota, collapsed during the evening rush hour.

1st August 2006

Israel steps up ground offensive

Castro steps aside after surgery

Yukos declared bankrupt by court

1st August 2007

Saudis back US Middle East plans

Car bombs kill dozens in Baghdad

Oil price rises to all-time high

1st August 2008

Afghan blasts kill Nato soldiers

Dozens killed in India train fire

Mob riot in Nigeria after crash

1st August 2009

Pakistan Christians die in unrest

Western troops die in Afghanistan

Three US nationals held in Iran

1st August 2010

Afghan roadside bomb kills 6

Pakistan flood toll 'passes 1,100'

Global cluster bomb ban comes into force

Birthdates which occurred on 1st August :

10 -BC- Claudius 4th Roman emperor (41-54 AD)
126 Publius Helvius Pertinax Roman emperor (193 AD)
1744 Jean-Baptiste Lamarck believed in inheritance of acquired traits
1770 William Clark Charlottsville VA, 2nd lt of Lewis & Clark Expedition
1779 Francis Scott Key composer (Star-Spangled Banner)
1815 Richard Henry Dana spent 2 years before mast
1818 Maria Mitchell 1st American woman astronomer on Nantucket Island
1819 Herman Melville US, author (Moby Dick, Billy Budd)
1889 Dr John F Mahoney developed pencillin treatment of syphillis
1895 Benjamin E Mays 1st black president of Atlanta Board of Education
1898 Morris Stoloff Phila, violinist (Picnic, Pal Joey)
1899 William Steinberg Cologne, conductor (Boston Symph-1969-71)
19-- Carolyn Ann Clarke actress (Guiding Light)
19-- Laura Johnson Burbank Calif, actress (Falcon Crest)
19-- Paul Lambert El Paso Tx, actor (Tom-Executive Suite)
1912 Henry Jones Phila Pa, actor (Phyllis, Falcon Crest, Gun Shy)
1913 Jerome Moross Brooklyn NY, composer (Frankie & Johnny)
1920 Sammy Lee US, platform diver (Olympic-gold-1948, 52)
1921 Jack Kramer Las Vegas, tennis star (Wimbeldon 1947)
1922 Arthur Hill Saskatchewan Canada, actor (Owen Marshall, Glitter)
1930 Geoffrey Holder dancer/actor (Annie, The Wiz)
1933 Dom DeLuise Bkln NY, comedian, actor (End, Cannonball Run, Fatso)
1936 Yves Saint-Laurent fashion designer (Opium, Obsession)
1937 Alfonse D'Amato Brooklyn NY, (Sen-R-NY 1980- )
1941 Ron Brown actor (Charlie the Lonesome Cougar)
1942 Giancarlo Giannini Italy, actor (Seduction of Mimi)
1942 Jerry Garcia SF, rocker (Grateful Dead-Uncle Joe's Band)
1944 Yuri V Romanenko USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 26, Soyuz 38, Soyuz TM-2)
1946 Richard O Covey Fayetteville Ar, USAF/astronaut (STS 51I, 26, 38)
1952 Brian Patrick Clarke Gettysburg Pa, actor (Merle-Eight is Enough)
1953 Robert Cray Columbus Ga, blues singer/songwriter (1987 Grammy)
1957 Glen Gorbous Canada, longest throw of a regulation baseball (445'10")
1958 Taylor Negron LA Calif, actor (Silvio-Detective School)
1959 Joe Elliot rocker (Def Leppard-Hysteria, Rock of Ages)
1961 Bart Conner US, parallel bars gymnist (Olympic-gold-1984)
1964 Nick Christian Sayer rocker (Transvision Vamp-Velveteen)
1964 Rob Camilletti Cher's boyfriend
1973 Tempestt Bledsoe Chicago, actress (Vanessa-Cosby Show)
1978 Dhani Harrison George Harrison's 1st child


Deaths which occurred on August 1st:
1882 Henry Kendall Australian poet, dies of tuberculosis at 43
1957 Harvey Glatmin first bondage-photo victim
1975 Julian "Cannonball" Alderly sax player, dies of a stroke
1983 Peter Arne actor, bludgeon to death in London at 62
1985 Joseph Walker cameraman, dies at 92
1988 Florence Eldridge Broadway actress (The Swan), dies at 86
1988 John Cardinal Dearden US cardinal, dies at 80
1988 Trindad Silva of Hill St Blues, dies at 38 in an auto accident