28th April, on this day

357 Emperor Constantius II visits Rome
585 War between Lydia and Media ended by solar eclipse
1192 Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title to the throne is confirmed by election. The killing is carried out by Hashshashin.
1202 King Philip II throws out John without Country, from France
1253 Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds Nam Myoho Renge Kyo for the first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.
1376 English parliament demands supervision on royal outlay
1503 Battle at Cerignalo Spanish army under G Córdoba beats France
1521 Treaty of Worms Emperor Charles names his brother Ferdinand Arch duke of Netherlands-Austria
1635 Virginia Governor John Harvey accused of treason & removed from office
1655 English Admiral Blake beats Tunen pirate fleet
1686 1st volume of Isaac Newton's "Principia" published
1770 Captain James Cook in Endeavor lands at Botany Bay in Australia
1788 Maryland becomes the 7th state to ratify the constitution
1789 Fletcher Christian leads Mutiny on HMS Bounty and Captain William Bligh
1792 France invades Austrian Netherlands (present day Belgium), beginning the French Revolutionary War.
1796 The Armistice of Cherasco is signed by Napoleon Bonaparte and Vittorio Amedeo III, the King of Sardinia, expanding French territory along the Mediterranean coast.
1804 31 English ship sail Suriname river demand transition colony
1818 Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes and Lake Champlain
1848 Free last slaves in French colonies
1855 1st veterinary college in US incorporated in Boston
1862 Admiral David Farragut captures New Orleans, Louisiana.
1876 Britain's Queen Victoria is declared Empress of India
1892 1st performance of Antonin Dvorák's overture "Carneval"
1910 1st night air flight (Claude Grahame-White, England)
1914 181 die in coal mine collapse at Eccles WV
1914 W H Carrier patents air conditioner
1919 1st jump with Army Air Corp (rip-cord type) parachute (Les Irvin)
1920 Azerbaijan SSR joins the USSR (1st time)
1923 Wembley Stadium opens-Bolton Wanderers vs West Ham United (FA Cup)
1924 119 die in Benwood WV coal mine disaster
1925 Kurd rebels surrender to Turkish army
1925 Netherlands and Great Britain return to gold standard
1931 Program for woman athletes approved for 1932 Olympics track and field
1932 Yellow fever vaccine for humans announced
1934 FDR signs Home Owners Loan Act
1934 Spanish government of Samper forms
1935 Moscow underground opens (81 km long
1936 King Farouk becomes King of Egypt
1937 1st animated cartoon electric sign displayed (New York NY)
1937 1st commercial flight across the Pacific, Pan Am
1938 King Zog of Albania marries Countess Geraldine of Hungary
1939 Hitler claims German-Polish non-attack treaty still in effect
1940 Glenn Miller records "Pennsylvania 6-5000"
1940 Rudolf Hess becomes commandant of concentration camp Auschwitz
1941 Last British troops in Greece surrenders
1942 "WWII" titled so, as result of Gallup Poll
1942 Nightly "dim-out" begins along the East Coast
1943 German-Italian counter offensive in North-Africa
1943 US 34th Division occupies Djebel el Hara North Tunisia
1944 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats
1944 Stalin meets Polish/US priest S Orlemanski
1945 British commands attack Elbe and occupies Lauenburg
1945 US 5th army reaches Swiss border
1945 Former Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and his mistress Claretta Petacci are executed by partisans during World War II
1947 Explorer Thor Hyerdahl and his crew set out on his Kon Tiki expedition to prove that ancient civilisations could have sailed on balsa wood rafts from Peru to Polynesia
1950 Bhumibol Adulyadej, got married with his queen, Queen Sirikit, after their quiet engagement in Lausanne, Switzerland on July 19, 1949.
1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO.
1952 Occupied Japan: The United States occupation of Japan ends.
1952 WWII Pacific peace treaty takes effect
1953 Japan is granted permission to re-introduce self-Government following the nation's defeat in World War II
1956 Last French troop leave Vietnam
1958 Vanguard TV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
1958 Vice President Richard Nixon begins goodwill tour of Latin America
1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
1961 Lieutenant Colonel Georgi Mossolov takes E-66A to 34,714 metre altitude
1964 Japan joins OECO
1965 US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until October 1966
1967 Expo 67 opens to the public in Montréal, Canada
1967 Muhammad Ali refuses induction into army and stripped of boxing title
1968 11 year-old Mary Bell strangles 4 year-old Martin Brown
1969 Charles de Gaulle resigns as President of France after being beaten in a referendum on electoral reform
1969 Terence O'Neill announces his resignation as Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.
1969 King Crimson with Greg Lake and Ian McDonald debuts
1970 U.S. President Richard M. Nixon formally authorises American combat troops to fight communist sanctuaries in Cambodia.
1971 Samuel Lee Gravely Jr becomes 1st black Admiral in US Navy
1975 Last Americans evacuated from Saigon
1975 South-Vietnam General Duong Van Minh sworn in as president till April 30
1977 Christopher Boyce convicted for selling US secrets to the Russians
1977 Andreas Baader and members of Baader-Meinhoff jailed for life after a trial lasting nearly 2 years in Stuttgart Germany
1977 The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure is signed.
1978 President of Afghanistan Mohammed Daoud Khan is overthrown and assassinated in a coup led by pro-communist rebels.
1980 Cyrus Vance, Carter's Secretary of State, resigns
1983 NASA launches Goes-6
1983 Argentine government declares all 15-30,000 missing persons dead
1986 United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Enterprise becomes the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier to transit the Suez Canal, navigating from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea to relieve USS Coral Sea, on station across the "Line of Death" in the Gulf of Sidra off the coast of Libya. The transit began at 0300 and lasted 12 hours.
1987 U.S. engineer Ben Linder is killed in an ambush by U.S.-funded Contras in northern Nicaragua.
1988 Near Maui, Hawaii, flight attendant Clarabelle "C.B." Lansing is blown out of Aloha Flight 243, a Boeing 737, and falls to her death when part of the plane's fuselage rips open in mid-flight.
1989 Argentina, hit by rocketing inflation, runs out of money
1989 Iran protests sale of "Satanic Verses" by Salman Rushdie
1990 "Chorus Line" closes at Shubert Theater, NYC after 6,137 performances (15 years)
1990 Guns and Roses' Axl Rose marries Erin Everly (annulled same year)
1990 Last issue of Dutch communist daily De Waarheid (The Truth)
1991 Space Shuttle STS 39 (Discovery 12) is launched
1992 Italian President Francesco Cossiga formally resigns
1993 Carlo Ciampi forms Italian government with ex-communists
1993 Zambian plane crashes at Libreville Gabon, 30 soccer players die
1994 1st multi-racial election in South Africa ends [3 days]
1994 Aldrich Ames, former CIA officer and wife Rosario plead guilty to spying
1994 Lisa Marie Presley separates from Danny Keough
1994 Media mogul Silvio Berlusconi is named as the new Italian Prime Minister
1995 Gas explosion in South Korean metro, 103 die
1995 Sri Lankaan BAE748 crashes at Palaly, 52 die
1996 Whitewater controversy: President Bill Clinton gives 4½ hour videotaped testimony for the defense.
1996 Martin Bryant shoots and kills 35 in Port Arthur, Tasmania
1997 The 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention goes into effect, with Russia, Iraq and North Korea notable nations who had not ratified the treaty.
2001 Millionaire Dennis Tito becomes the world's first space tourist.
2005 The Patent Law Treaty goes into effect.
2005 Taraki Sivaram, a popular Tamil journalist of Sri Lanka kidnapped in Colombo; his body was found the next day near the parliament.

28th April 2006

Iran 'fails to heed nuclear call'

Nepal MPs begin historic session

Darfur food rations cut in half

28th April 2007

Bomb kills 22 at Pakistani rally

Turkish ruling party warns army

UN lifts Liberia diamond sale ban

28th April 2008

'Dozens die' in China train crash

Ukraine helicopter crash kills 19

Dozens killed in Baghdad clashes

28th April 2009

More countries confirm swine flu

Pakistan launches Taleban strikes

Lithuania's economy shrinks 12%

28th April 2010

Greece crisis: Fears it could spread

Thailand violence flares as red-shirts and troops clash

Policemen killed in Iraq blasts

Birthdates which occurred on 28th April :

1442 Edward IV king of England (1461-70, 1471-83)
1592 George Villiers 1st duke of Buckingham/English Admiral
1698 Karel Jozef ruler of Batthyányi
1715 Franz Sparry composer
1748 Lorenz Justinian Ott composer
1750 Paul Ignaz Kurzinger composer
1753 Franz K Achard German physicist
1757 Claus Nielsen Schali composer
1758 James Monroe Westmoreland VA, 5th US President (1817-25, Democratic Republican)
1770 Nikita P Panin Russian diplomat/minister of Foreign affairs
1774 Francis Baily describer of "Baily's Beads" during solar eclipse
1795 Charles Sturt England, explorered Australia
1809 Conradus Leemans Dutch archaeologist
1810 Daniel Ullmann Brevet Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
1812 Daniel Henry Rucker Brevet Major General (Union Army), died in 1910
1815 Andrew Jackson Smith Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1897
1825 James Winning McMillan Brevet Major General (Union volunteers)
1826 Alexander Stadtfeld composer
1838 Tobias M Carel Asser Holland, advocate of world law (Nobel Peace Prize 1911)
1842 Louis of Orleans Earl of Brazil (1870-89)
1846 Johann E Backlund Swedish astronomer (planets/asteroids)
1848 Ludvig Schytte composer
1864 William F A Ellison Irish clergyman/director (Armagh Observatory)
1868 Émile Bernard writer
1870 Hermann Suter composer
1873 Harold Bauer English/US pianist (Beethoven-Association)
1874 Karl Kraus writer
1874 Sidney Toler Warrensburg MO, actor (Madame X, Meeting at Midnight)
1876 Frank Cavanagh one of football's coaching greats
1878 Lionel [Herbert Blythe] Barrymore Philadelphia PA, actor (A Free Soul, David Cooperfield, Dr Kildare)
1879 Edgar Tytgat Flemish painter/etcher
1879 Franz Arnold writer
1882 Alberto Pirelli Italian industrialist
1886 Erich Salomon German photographer
1888 Henry Crerar Canadian General (WWI/Italy/Netherlands)
1889 António de Oliveira Salazar premier/dictator Portugal (1932-68)
1889 Bryant Washburn Chicago IL, actor (Exposure, Millionaire Kid, Nabonga)
1889 Karel Doorman Dutch Rear Admiral
1892 Joseph Dunninger New York NY, mentalist (Amazing Dunninger)
1892 Georges Antoine composer
1892 John Jacob Niles composer
19-- Daniel Zippi Los Angeles CA, actor (King's Crossing)
1900 Maurice Thorez coal miner, Secretary-General of French Communist Party
1900 Bruno Apitz writer
1900 Jan Hendrik Oort Dutch astronomer (hypothesized "Oort Cloud")
1901 Corry Vonk [Cornelia D] wife of Wim Kan (ABC-cabaret)
1906 Kurt Gödel Austria, mathematician (Incompleteness Theorem)
1906 Bartholomeus J "Bart" Bok Dutch/US astronomer (Milky Way)
1906 Pierre [Louis] Boileau Paris France, novelist (Vertigo)
1907 Marion Coulon Belgian theoriest (Jeunesse à la dérive)
1908 Arnoud Breeveld Suriname bishop
1908 Jack Fingleton cricketer (Australian opener of 30's)
1908 Michael T Fitzmaurice Chicago IL, actor (Reported Missing, 14 Hours)
1911 Frans Vroons actor/tenor/director (Netherlands Opera)
1912 Odette Hallowes British classified agent in France (WWII)
1914 Skuli Halldorsson composer
1917 Robert Anderson New York NY, writer (Tea & Sympathy, Never Sang for My Father)
1917 Robert Cornthwaite St Helen OR, actor (Thing, War of the Worlds)
1917 Joop Waasdorp Dutch writer (Naked Life)
1920 Nan Merriman US/Netherlands singer (Arturo Toscanini NBC Orchestra)
1921 Rowland Evans White Marsh PA, news reporter (CNN-Evans & Novak)
1922 Guillaume Jorissen Flemish politician (Volksunie)
1922 Iser J Koepermann Russian/US world checkers champion (1958-68, 75-76)
1922 William S Broomfield (Representative-Republican-MI, 1956- )
1923 Adele Mara Dearborn MI, actress/singer (Cool Million, Wheels)
1923 Wolfgang Steffen composer
1924 Kenneth David Kaunda founder/President (Zambia, 1964-91)
1925 Richard C Sarafian New York NY, director/actor (Foley Square)
1926 Harper Lee author (To Kill a Mockingbird)
1927 Garfield Weston English industrial/billionaire (Twinings Tea)
1928 Yves Klein French sculptor/painter
1929 Carolyn Jones Amarillo TX, actress (Morticia-Addams Family)
1930 James Baker 3 Houston TX, Secretary of Treasury (1985-88), Secretary of State (1989-92)
1930 Christopher John Magenis Headington composer
1932 Marek Kopelent composer
1933 Karl Heinz Wahren composer
1933 Oliver "Bops Junior" Jackson drummer
1936 John Martin Tchicai composer
1937 Saddam Hussein [At-Takriti] President of Iraq (1979- )
1938 Madge Sinclair Kingston Jamaica, actress (Bell-Roots, Trapper John)
1938 Beverly F Albert architect
1941 Ann-Margret [Olsson] Valsjobya Sweden, actress (Bye Bye Birdie, Carnal Knowledge, Viva Las Vegas, Tommy)
1941 Ann-Margret Valsjobya Sweden, actress (Bye Bye Birdie, Tommy)
1942 Ghislaine Hermanez architect
1942 Mike Brearley cricketer (outstanding England captainain 1977-81)
1943 John Oliver Creighton Orange TX, Captain USN/astronaut (STS 51G, 36, 48)
1943 Fantastic Johnny C[orley] US singer (Boogaloo down Broadway)
1945 Ajit Manohar Pai cricketer (one Test India vs New Zealand 1969)
1947 Steve Khan jazz musician (Christmas Waltz)
1948 Marcia Strassman New York NY, actress (Julle Kotter-Welcome Back Kotter)
1949 Jerome "Jay" Apt Springfield MA, PhD/astronaut (STS 37, 47, 59, 79)
1950 Willie Colon Bronx NY, actor (The Last Flight)
1950 Jay Leno New Rochelle, comedian/talk show host (Tonight Show)
1952 Mary McDonnell Wilkes-Barre PA, actress (Sneakers, Independence Day)
1953 Julie Cole LPGA golfer
1955 Eddie Jobson rock violinist (Zappa, UK, Roxy Music-For Your Pleasure)
1956 Jeremy John Beadle writer/broadcaster
1956 Paul S Lockhart Amarillo TX, Major USAF/astronaut
1957 Leopold Eyharts France, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-26, TM-28/27)
1958 Kathy Willets nymphomaniac (1991 Florida Sex Scandal)
1958 Hal Evan Sutton Shreveport LA, PGA golfer (1982 Walt Disney, PGA 1983)
1958 Nancy Lee Grahn Skokie IL, actress (Julia-Santa Barbara)
1960 Wally Langdon bassist (Bob Color)
1961 Cathy Gerring Fort Wayne IN, LPGA golfer (1990 Lady Keystone Open)
1962 Evguenni Rochtchin NHL forward (Team Belarus, Olympics-98)
1964 Barry Larkin Cincinnati OH, shortstop (Cincinnati Reds)
1964 Helen Marina Lucy Windsor England, daughter of Prince Edward
1964 Mark Hager Australian field hockey forward/captain (Olympics-4th-88, 96)
1966 Jim Poole Rochester NY, pitcher (Cleveland Indians)
1966 John Patrick Daly Sacramento CA, PGA golfer (1995 British Open)
1967 Monique Noel Salem OR, playmate (May 1989)
1967 Pete Stoyanovich NFL kicker (Miami Dolphins, Kansas City Chiefs)
1968 Andy Flower cricketer (Zimbabwe keeper & victorious Test captain)
1968 Damion Lyons CFL cornerback (British Columbia Lions)
1968 Mark Carrier NFL safety (Chicago Bears, Detroit Lions)
1969 Merlelynn Lange-Harris Toronto Ontario Canada, basketball center (Olympics-96)
1970 Jason Belser defensive back (Indianapolis Colts)
1970 Mark Harris wide receiver (San Francisco 49ers)
1970 Nicklas Lidstrom Vasteras Sweden, NHL defenseman (Team Sweden, Detroit)
1970 Richard Fromberg Australia, tennis star
1971 Chris[topher Tyler] Young Chambersburg PA, actor (Bryce Lynch-Max Headroom, Great Outdoors)
1971 Meredith McGrath Midland MI, tennis star (1996 Essen doubles)
1971 Mihai Apostal Bucharest Romania, Canadian kayaker (Olympics-96)
1971 Simbi Khali actress (Nina-Third Rock From the Sun)
1972 Jan Benda Reet Belgium, hockey forward (Team Germany 1998)
1972 Jean-Paul van Gastel soccer player (Willem II)
1972 Michelle Menzies Barrie Ontario Canada, Canadian ice pairs (1995, 96 Can champions)
1973 Earl Holmes linebacker (Pittsburgh Steelers)
1973 Marc[us] Blake Schneider Lubbock TX, rower (Olympics-bronze-1996)
1973 Melvin Hayes NFL tackle (New York Jets, Tennessee Oilers)
1973 Serge Zwikker NBA center (Houston Rockets)
1974 Sergei Stas NHL defenseman (Team Belarus, Olympics-98)
1975 James Thrash wide receiver (Washington Redskins)
1975 Martin Lewis NBA guard (Toronto Raptors)
1978 Nate Richert St Paul MN, actor (Harvey-Sabrina)


Deaths which occurred on April 28th:
1089 Dirk de Grote bishop of Verdun/Basel/archbishop of Trier, dies
1109 Hugo van Cluny 6th abbott of Cluny/saint, dies
1770 Marie AC de Camargo Spanish/Italian/Belgian dancer, dies at 60
1799 François Giroust composer, dies at 62
1804 Hans Gram composer, dies at 49
1843 William Wallace Scottish mathematician (rights of Wallace), dies
1853 Ludwig Tieck writer, dies at 79
1860 Isaac da Costa poet/writer (Réveil, Wachter!), dies at 62
1881 Robert W Ollinger US warden/last victim of Billy the Kid, dies
1887 Carl Ferdinand Pohl composer, dies at 67
1896 Heinrich von Treitschke German historian, dies
1925 Louis F J Bouwmeester actor (Shakespeare), dies
1933 Robin Irvine actor (Easy Virtue), dies at 31
1935 Alexander Campbell Mackenzie Scottish composer, dies at 87
1936 Foead I king of Egypt (1922-36), dies
1945 Benito Mussolini Fascist leader (Italy), captured, tried, & shot
1945 Claretta Petacci mistress of Mussolini, executed
1945 Hans Bloesch writer, dies
1955 Lode Cantens Flemish playwrite (Gnomes of the City), dies at 43
1960 Anton Pancake astronomer/marxist theorist, dies at 87
1965 Ferdinand Bordewijk Dutch lawyer/writer (Character), dies at 80
1966 Ralph Bunker actor (Ghost Goes West), dies of a stroke at 77
1969 Johannes Rontgen composer, dies at 70
1970 Ed Begley actor (Mr Koppel-Leave it to Larry), dies at 69
1973 Pat Henning actor (Goodyear TV Playhouse), dies at 62
1974 Paul Page actor (Girl from Havanna, Moth), dies at 70
1975 Jan A de Jonge Dutch historian, dies at 48
1976 Eugen Roth writer, dies at 81
1977 Ricardo Cortez actor/director (Bad Company, Flesh), dies at 87
1979 Feliks Roderyk Labunski composer, dies at 86
1980 Tommy Caldwell rocker (Marshall Tucker Band), dies
1980 Dee Carroll [Betty Jean Marsh] actress (Mad Bomber, Split), dies
1981 Mickey "Toy Bulldog" Walker welterweight champion (1922-26) dies at 79
1982 Bert van Dongen [Abraham J Cohen], Dutch singer/actor, dies at 66
1982 EW "Nobby" Clark England cricketer (32 wickets in 8 Tests 1929-34), dies
1983 Ron James cricketer (New South Wales's Sheffield Shield captain 1949-50), dies
1984 Glen H Taylor US Senator/vice presidential candidate (1948), dies at 80
1984 Silvia A Warner writer, dies
1987 Ben Linder development worker, murdered by Contras in Nicaragua
1989 Olaff J de Landell [JB van Sparwoude] Dutch writer, dies at 77
1990 Jean Blazer Baney entertainer, dies
1991 Floyd B McKissick US founder (CORE), dies
1991 Ken Curtis actor (Festus-Gunsmoke), dies at 74
1992 Francis Bacon Irish/British abstract painter, dies at 82
1992 Olivier Messiaen French composer (St François d'Assise), dies at 83
1993 Jim Valvano basketball coach (North Carolina State), dies of cancer at 47
1995 Andrew Salkey author editor/broadcaster, dies at 67
1995 Henry C Rogers press Agent, dies at 81
1995 Peaches Roy Davis baseball pitcher, dies at 89
1996 Giles Grangier film director, dies at 84
1996 Henry Clarke fashion photographer, dies at 75
1996 Julio Cesar Mendez Montenegro politician, dies at 80
1996 William E Colby director of CIA (1973-76), dies
1997 Susan Seddon Boulet artist, dies of cancer at 45

Golden Link 1/ On this day 28th April

Golden Link 2/ On this day 28th April

Golden Link 3/ On this day 28th April