23rd April, on this day

215 BC - A temple is built on the Capitoline Hill dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Lake Trasimene.
1014 King Brian Boru of Ireland beats Danes at Battle of Clontarf
1154 Damascus surrenders to sultan Nur ad-Din van Aleppo
1229 Ferdinand III of Castile conquers Cáceres
1343 St. George's Night Uprising
1348 1st English order of knighthood founded (Order of the Garter)
1500 Pedro Álvarez Cabral lands and annexes Brazil (Terra da Vera Cruz)
1504 King Maximilian I routes troops to Bavaria
1521 Battle of Villalar: King Charles I of Spain defeats the Comuneros.
1564 Birth of poet and playwright William Shakespeare at Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England. Dies on his 52nd birthday in 1616
1597 Shakespeare's "The Merry Wives of Windsor" is first performed, with Queen Elizabeth I of England in attendance.
1616 Funeral of Miguel de Cervantes, who died on April 22
1616 Netherlands buys De Briel/Vlissingen/Fort Rammekens from England
1633 Sweden and Protestant German monarchy form Union of Heilbronn
1635 First public school in the United States, Boston Latin School, is founded in Boston, Massachusetts
1660 Treaty of Oliwa is established between Sweden and Poland.
1661 Charles II is crowned King of England - completing the restoration of the monarchy. His father, Charles I, had been beheaded by Oliver Cromwell following the English Civil War
1662 Connecticut chartered as an English colony
1705 Richard Steele's "Tender Husband", premieres in London
1789 President-elect George Washington moves into Franklin House, New York
1795 In Britain, English colonial administrator Warren Hastings is acquitted of high treason and all the crimes he was alleged to have committed while Governor-General of Bengal
1826 Missolonghi captured by Turks
1827 William Rowan Hamilton presents his Theory of systems of rays.
1838 English steamship "Great Western" crossing Atlantic docks in New York, NY
1851 Canada issues its 1st postage stamps
1860 Democratic convention in Charleston SC divided over slavery
1861 Arkansas troops seize Fort Smith
1861 Battle of San Antonio, TX
1864 Battle of Cane River LA (Red River Expedition, Monett's Ferry)
1867 Queen Victoria and Napoleon III turn down plans for a channel tunnel
1867 William Lincoln patents the zoetrope, a machine which shows animated pictures by mounting a strip of drawings in a wheel.
1871 Blossom Rock in San Francisco Bay blown up
1879 The first Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opens in Stratford-Upon-Avon, England
1881 Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "Patience or Bunthorne's Bride" produced in London t
1891 Jews are expelled from Moscow, Russia
1896 Vitascope system of movie projection 1st demonstrated (Koster and Bial's Music Hall, NYC)
1900 1st known occurrence of word "hillbillie" (New York Journal)
1904 United States of America acquires the property of the French Panama Canal Company
1908 Denmark, Germany, England, France, Netherlands and Sweden signs North Sea accord
1910 International Exhibition opens in Brussels
1918 World War I: The British Navy, commanded by Admiral Keyes, raids the German submarine base at Zeebrugge
1918 Dover Patrol overthrows Germany U-boat in East Sea
1920 The national council in Turkey denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution.
1920 The Grand National Assembly of Turkey was founded in Ankara.
1924 British Empire Exhibition opens at Wembley
1932 Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opens at Stratford-on-Avon
1932 The 153-year old De Adriaan Windmill in Haarlem, the Netherlands burns down.
1935 Polish Constitution of 1935 is adopted.
1938 Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government
1939 1st performance of Béla Bartók's 2nd Concerto for violin
1940 The Rhythm Night Club fire at a dance hall in Natchez, Mississippi, kills 198 people.
1941 Surrender of the Greek Army to the Germans. King George of the Hellenes and members of the Greek Government flee the country
1942 4-day allied bombing on Rostock begins
1942 Baedeker Blitz – German bombers hit Exeter, Bath and York in retaliation for the British raid on Lübeck.
1943 British and US offensive directed at Tunis/Bizerta
1945 Concentration camp Flossenburg liberated
1945 US troops in Italy cross river Po
1945 World War II: Russian troops, advancing through Germany, liberate the Sachsenhausen and Ravensbrueck concentration camps
1948 1948 Arab-Israeli War: Haifa, the major port of Israel, is captured from Palestinian forces.
1949 Chinese Red army conquerors Nanjing
1950 Nationalist China evacuates Hainan Island
1952 Oil pipeline from Kirkuk to Banias completed
1956 US Supreme court ends race segregation on buses
1959 1st heliport in Britain opens in London
1961 Algiers putsch by French generals.
1962 1st US satellite to reach the moon launched
1965 Launch of 1st Soviet communications satellite
1967 Soyuz 1 launched; Vladimir Komarov becomes 1st in-flight casualty when its parachute lines became tangled and the parachutes failed to open properly upon return to Earth
1968 Student protesters at Columbia University in New York City take over administration buildings and shut down the university. see main article Columbia University protests of 1968
1969 Over 1000 square miles flooded in Shantung Province China
1969 Sirhan Sirhan sentenced to death for killing Bobby Kennedy
1971 Soyuz 10 launched; soft docked with Salyut 1
1972 Apollo 16 astronauts explore Moon surface
1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
1975 Harold Pinter's "No Man's Land", premieres in London
1977 Czechoslovakian chess master Vlastimil Hort plays 201 games simultaneously and only loses 10
1977 Dr Allen Bussey completes 20,302 yo-yo loops
1977 Military workers kill 300-500 students in Addis Ababa
1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR
1979 Fighting in London between the Anti-Nazi League and the Metropolitan Police's Special Patrol Group results in the death of protester Blair Peach.
1980 Soviet sub catches fire off Japan, 9 die
1980 The British Ambassador to Saudi Arabia is expelled from the country following the broadcast on British TV of the documentary "Death of a Princess" which depicted the life and execution of a Saudi Arabian Princess found guilty of committing adultery
1982 Conch Republic is established.
1982 The ZX Spectrum is released.
1983 Canadian snooker player Cliff Thorburn completes the first televised maximum break of 147 during the World Snooker Championships at the Crucible Theatre, in Sheffield
1984 AIDS-virus identified (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
1985 Coca-Cola announced it is changing its secret flavor formula
1987 28 construction workers killed in an apartment building collapse in Bridgeport, CT
1988 A Greek pedals self-powered aircraft, 74 miles
1988 Federal smoking ban during domestic airline flights of 2 hours or less
1988 Pink Floyd's album "Dark Side of the Moon", after spending the record total of 741 consecutive weeks (over 14 years) on the Billboard 200, left the charts for its first time ever.
1989 Students in Beijing China announce class boycotts
1990 Namibia becomes the 160th member of the United Nations and the 50th member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
1991 USSR grants republics right to secede under certain conditions
1992 Marion Berry (former mayor of Washington DC) is released from prison
1992 McDonald's opens its 1st fast-food restaurant in China
1993 Eritreans vote overwhelmingly for independence from Ethiopia in a United Nations-monitored referendum.
1993 Mötley Crüe's Mike Mars files for divorce from Emi-Canyn
1993 Peter Townshend's musical "Tommy", premieres in NYC
1994 Army shoots to death 23-40 fishermen in Gonaives, Haiti
1995 President Bill Clinton declares a national day of mourning for Oklahoma City bombing victims
1996 Former Australian Labour Prime Minister Paul Keating resigns from Parliament after a 27 year political career
1996 Sotherby begins 4 day auction of Jackie O stuff-takes in $34.5 million
1997 Omaria massacre in Algeria: 42 villagers are killed.
2003 Beijing closes all schools for two weeks because of the SARS virus.

23rd April 2006

West is on crusade - 'Bin Laden'

Nepal protesters challenge curfew

New Orleans mayor faces run-off

23rd April 2007

Russian ex-president Yeltsin dies

French contenders set for run-off

India commercial rocket takes off

23rd April 2008

'Heavy losses' in S Lanka clashes

Darfur deaths 'could be 300,000'

US man 'gave secrets to Israel'

23rd April 2009

Suicide bombs kill scores in Iraq

World first for strange molecule

Zuma cheered as ANC heads for win

23rd April 2010

Illegal banana gin 'kills 80' in Uganda

58 killed in Baghdad attacks

Greece calls on emergency loans

Birthdates which occurred on 23rd April :

1464 Johanna van Valois Queen of France
1464 Robert Fayrfax composer
1484 Julius Cæsar Scaliger Italy, scholar (On the Subtlety of Things)
1500 Alexander Alesius [Aless/Alane] System theologist/physician
1551 Boris Godunov tsar of Muscovy (1598-1605) in Time of Troubles
1564 William Shakespeare Stratford-on-Avon England, bard (Hamlet, MacBeth, Julius Cæsar)
1598 Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp naval commander
1623 Jan Adam Reincken composer
1629 John Commelin director (Hortus Botanicus, Amsterdam)
1649 Andreas Kneller composer
1697 George Baron Anson British Admiral/explorer
1708 Friedrich von Hagedorn German poet (Versuch einiger Poem)
1715 Johann Friedrich Doles composer
1728 Samuel Wallis explorer (Wallis Island)
1735 Ildephons Haas composer
1747 Alexandre-Auguste Robineau composer
1756 Alexander Reinagle composer
1775 Joseph Mallord Turner England, landscape painter (Shipwreck)
1791 James Buchanan Cove Gap PA, (Federalist/Democrat), 15th US President (1857-61)
1791 W Friedrich Olivier German landscape painter/cartoonist
1803 Jules J baron d'Anethan Belgian minister of Justice
1804 Guillaume Nerenburger Belgian General (Triangulatie of Belgium)
1809 Eugene-Prosper Prevost composer
1810 Thomas Wright historian
1812 Louis-Antoine Julien conductor
1813 Stephen Arnold Douglas [Little Giant] US Senator (Lincoln debates)
1818 James Anthony Froude historian
1818 John Gill Shorter Governor (Confederacy), died in 1872
1821 Pierre Dupont song writer
1823 Abdül-Medjid 31st sultan of Turkey (1839-61)
1827 Johann F Ritter von Schulte German Catholic lawyer
1828 Albert king of Saxon (1873-1902)
1838 Alfred J Verwee Flemish painter
1852 Edwin Markham US, poet (1st winner of Amer Academy of Poets Award 1937)
1855 Ernst L Wolzogen German writer/founder (Cabaret Überbrettl)
1857 Ruggero Leoncavallo Naples Italy, composer (I Medici)
1858 Max Ludwig Planck German physicist (Quanta Physics, Planck Constant, Nobel 1918)
1861 Edmund Henry Hynman 1st viscount Allenby of Megiddo/Fieldmarshal
1867 Simon Abramsz Dutch teacher/writer (For the Young Ones)
1877 Arthur Farwell composer
1881 Claude Carter South African slow lefty cricketer (1912-22)
1881 Otakar Sini composer
1882 Albert Coates St Petersburg Russia, conductor/composer (Eagle)
1882 Max [G M J] Winders Maximilien Belgium, architect (WWII)
1889 Charles Warrell big Chief I-Spy writer/teacher
1890 Donald Nichols Tweedy composer
1890 Marcel L'Herbier French director/screenwriter (El Dorado)
1891 Sergey Prokofiev Ukraine, composer (Peter & the Wolf)
1891 Sergey Sergeyevich Prokofiev Ukraine, composer (Peter & the Wolf)
1892 Minus van Looi [Benjamin van der Voort] Flemish writer
1892 R Huelsenbeck writer
1893 Frank Borzage Salt Lake City, director (7th Heaven, Strange Cargo)
1894 Basil Sydney St Osyth Essex England, actor (Hamlet, Jassy, Simba, Farmer's Wife)
1894 George Renevant Paris France, actor (Moulin Rouge, Scotland Yard, Comrade X)
1896 Margaret Kennedy novelist
1897 Lester Bowles Pearson (L) 14th Canadian PM (1963-68) (Nobel 1957)
1897 Lucius D Clay US, General (WWII)
1897 Harold French director (Encore)/actor
1897 John Wengraf Vienna Austria, actor (12 to Moon, Pride & Passion)
1897 Lucius du Bignon Clay US, General (WWII)/Governor (West Germany)
1898 Edwin E Dwinger German writer (General Vlassov)
1899 Dame Edith Ngaio Marsh Christchurch New Zealand, Kiwi mystery writer (Black Beech & Honeydew)
1899 Vladimir Nabokov St Petersburg Russia, novelist (Lolita, Ada)
19-- Tina Andrews Chicago IL, actress (Sanford Arms, Valerie-Falcon Crest)
1900 Ary Verhaar composer
1900 Henry Barraud composer
1900 Joseph Green film maker
1902 Halldór Laxness Iceland, novelist (Salka Valka) (Nobel 1955)
1904 Duncan Renaldo Spain, actor (Cisco Kid)
1904 Leslie French actor/singer (More than a Miracle)
1905 Lord Carew Ireland, judge (dressage)
1906 Marcel Hillaire Cologne Germany, actor (Adventures in Paradise)
1906 Maria Arnoldo [Adrianus Broeders], photographer/writer
1907 Baroness Dudley
1908 Frederick Hawkins dancer
1908 Herbert Telley British actuary
1909 Thomas Padmore senior civil servant
1910 Simone Simon France, actress (All Money Can Buy, Ladies in Love)
1911 Ronald Neame director (1st Monday in October, Poseidon Adventure)
1913 Jan Meyerowitz composer
1914 John Hubbard Indiana Harbor IN, actor (Don't Call Me Charlie)
1914 Andrew Martin Lord-Lieutenant (Lechestershire England)
1914 Mitsu Suzuki teacher of tea ceremony at San Francisco Zen Center
1915 Arnold Hall CEO (Hawker Siddeley Group)
1916 Bud Wilkinson college football coach (Oklahoma)
1917 Jacob Kistemaker nuclear physicist (ultra centrifuge)
1918 Anthony Craxton British TV producer
1918 Maurice Druon [Kessel] French writer/journalist (Prix Goncourt)
1919 Dorian Leigh San Antonio TX, model, sister of Suzy Parker
1919 Talivaldis Kenins composer
1920 Eric Yarrow CEO (Clydesdale Bank)
1920 Louis Barron composer
1921 Janet Blair Altoona PA, actress (Leave it to the Girls, Smith Family)
1921 Warren Spahn left-handed pitcher (Boston/Milwaukee Braves)
1922 Boy [Segundo JA] Ecury Aruba, resistance fighter
1922 Diarmuid Downs auto engineer
1923 Avram Davidson American sci-fi writer (Joyleg, Phoenix & the Mirror, Peregrine Primus, Rork!)
1923 James Kirkup travel writer/poet/novelist (African in Greenland)
1923 Nathan "Dambuzza" Mdledle singer (played a major role in the evolution of South African music)
1924 Arthur Frackenpohl Irving NJ, composer (Natural Superiority of Music)
1924 James Colin Ross Welch columnist/critic
1924 Malcolm Anson CEO (Wessex Water Authority)
1926 James P Donleavy Brooklyn NY, novelist (The Ginger Man, Onion Eaters)
1926 Virgil I [Gus] Grissom astronaut (Liberty Bell 7, Gemini 3)
1926 Richard Laws Master (St Edmunds College Cambridge)
1927 Russell Smith composer
1928 Shirley Temple Black Santa Monica CA, child actress (Heidi)/ambassador (UN)
1928 Bill Cotton CEO (Noel Gay TV)
1928 Okke Jager Dutch theologist/writer/poet
1929 George Steiner professor (English)
1930 Alan Oppenheimer New York NY, actor (6 Million Dollar Man, Eischied)
1930 Michael Bowen Roman Catholic Archbishop (Southwark)
1932 Halston [R Halston Frowick] fashion designer (1972 Hall of Fame)
1932 Jim Fixx jogger/writer (Jim Fixx on Running)
1933 Roger Wittevrongel Flemish painter
1935 David Evans MP
1936 Elias [Etienne Michiels] Flemish painter
1936 Estelle Harris actress (Estelle Castanza-Seinfeld)
1936 John D'Arcy cricketer (New Zealand Test batsman on 1958 England tour)
1936 Joseph Willaert Flemish painter
1936 Roy Orbison Vernon TX, rocker (Oh Pretty Woman, Only The Lonely)
1937 Barry Shepherd cricketer (Australian lefty bat early 60's)
1937 Don Massengale Jackson TX, PGA golfer (1966 Bing Crosby Celebrity)
1937 Victoria Glendinning author (Edith Sitwell A Unicorn Among Lions)
1938 Leonard Ernest John Chant social worker
1938 Russell Hillhouse under-secretary Scottish Office
1938 Steven D Symms (Senator-Republican-ID, 1981- )
1939 David Birney Washington DC, actor (Brigette Loves Bernie, St Elsewhere)
1939 Lee Majors [Harvey Lee Yearly] Wyandotte MI, TV actor (Big Valley, $6,000,000 Man, Fall Guy)
1939 Ray Peterson Denton TX, singer (Tell Laura I Love Her)
1939 William Hagerty editor (People)
1940 Richard Monaco US, sci-fi author (Grail War, Final Quest)
1941 Ed Stewart British DJ
1941 Hal Daub (Representative-Republican-NE, 1981- )
1943 Herve Villechaize France, "Da Plane! Da Plane!" (Fantasy Island)
1943 Tony Esposito Ontario Canada, NHL goalie (Chicago Blackhawks)
1943 [Gerardus] Bob van Toll actor/interpreter/director (Pastorale 1943)
1943 Carmen von Thyssen Barcelona Spain, Baroness
1943 Hugh Davies composer
1944 Sandra Dee [Alexandra Zuck] Bayonne NJ, actress (Gidget, A Summer Place, Tammy and the Doctor, Imitation of Life)
1944 Niklaus Schilling Basel Germany, director (Dormire, Atem, Rheingold)
1947 Bernadette Devlin McAliskey Ireland, political activist
1947 Saskia [Trudy van den Berg] singer (S & Serge, Spinning Wheel)
1948 Richard Day engineer/development expert
1948 Tessa Wyatt actress (Beast in the Cellar, Wedding Night)
1949 Blair Brown Washington DC, actress (Altered States, Molly Dodd)
1949 John Miles vocal/guitar/keyboards (John Miles Band-Rebel, Zaragon)
1949 Joyce DeWitt Wheeling WV, actress (Janet Wood-Three's Company)
1949 Walter Sweeney MP
1951 Loek Hermans Dutch MP (VVD)
1952 Lionel Johnston Augusta GA, actor (Sons & Daughters)
1952 Narada Michael Walden Kalamazoo MI, rocker/producer (I Don't Want Nobody Else, I Shoulda Loved Ya)
1952 Tony Maselli (fictional character on "Who's the Boss")
1952 Terry Moor Hartford CT, tennis star
1953 Fred Upton (Representative-Republican-MI)
1953 James Russo New York NY, actor (My Own Private Idaho, China Girl)
1955 Captain Sensible bassist (Damned-Happy Talk)
1955 Judy Davis Perth Australia, actress (Husbands & Wives)
1955 Mike Smith British DJ
1955 Su Ingle London England, British TV hostess (Tomorrow's World)
1955 Tony Miles chess player
1956 Peter Teravainen Plymouth MA USA, Australasia golfer
1957 Jan Hooks Decatur GA, comedienne actress (Saturday Night Live, Designing Women)
1957 Kathleen Lynch Motueka New Zealand, cyclist (Olympics-96)
1959 Terri Luckhurst LPGA golfer
1960 Steve Clark Hillsborough England, rock guitarist (Def Leppard-Hysteria)
1960 Valerie Bertinelli Wilmington DE, actress(One Day at a Time, Sydney)/ Mrs Eddie Van Halen
1960 Joseph Martin Mudd Louisville KY, PGA golfer (1988 Federal Express)
1963 Benoit Doucet Montréal Québec Canada, hockey forward (Team Germany 1998)
1964 Dan Frischman Whippany NJ, actor (Arvid Engen-Head of the Class)
1964 Gen [Simon Matthews] English pop drummer (Jesus Jones-Zeroes & Ones)
1964 Martin Lopez-Zubero Spanish backstroke swimmer (world record 200 meter)
1965 Donna Weinbrecht skier (Olympics-gold)
1966 Jacques "Jacq" Koumans soccer player (NAC)
1966 Richard Greenwood Los Angeles CA, Canadian Tour golfer (1990 Napa Valley)
1966 Wayne Drinkwalter CFL defensive tackle (British Columbia Lions)
1967 Brent Muscat rocker (Faster Pussycat-Wake Me When It's Over)
1967 Melina Kanakaredes Akron OH, actress (Dr Sydney Hanson-Providence, Eleni Andros-Guiding Light)
1967 Rheal Cormier New Brunswick, pitcher (Montréal Expos)
1968 Susan Emily Savastano East Providence RI, Miss Rhode Island-America (1991)
1969 Nadeem Shahid cricketer
1970 Cristiano Caratti Italy, tennis star (1987 Orange Bowl boys doubles)
1970 Frank Temming WLAF running back (Amsterdam Admirals)
1971 Chuck Adams Pacific Palisades CA, tennis star (1989 USTA Boys)
1972 Rachel Hetherington Port Macquarie New South Wales, golfer (1993 New South Wales champion)
1973 Derek Armstrong Ottawa, NHL center (New York Islanders)
1973 Patrick Poulin Vanier, NHL left wing (Tampa Bay Lightning)
1974 Joey Kent wide receiver (Tennessee Oilers)
1974 Sam Madison cornerback (Miami Dolphins)
1975 Bret Anderson CFL slot back (British Columbia Lions)
1976 Tamas Buday Jr Budapest Hungary, Canadian canoeist (Olympics-96)
1981 Gabriella Windsor daughter of English prince Michael


Deaths which occurred on April 23rd:
0034 Christ crucified, according to Isaac Newton
0303 George knight of Cappadocië/saint/patron of England, beheaded
0871 Ethelred I king of Wessex/brother of Alfred the Great, dies
0990 Ekkehart II [Palatinus] monk to St-Gallen/poet, dies
0997 Vojtech "Adalbert" of Prague 2nd bishop of Prague/apostle, dies at 40
1014 Brian Boru king of Ireland, dies in battle at 87
1014 Sweyn Forkbeard Viking king of England (1013-14), dies
1016 Aethelbred II "the Unready" king of England (979-1016), dies
1416 Blaise/Blasius of Parma Italian astrologist/philosopher/algebra, dies
1616 Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra Spanish writer (Don Quixote), dies at 69
1616 William Shakespeare English author (Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet), dies on his 52nd birthday
1625 Maurice of Nassau Prince of Orange, dies at 57
1670 Loreto Vittori composer, dies at 69
1691 Jean-Henri D'Anglebert composer, dies
1695 Henry Vaughan poet (Silex Scintillans), dies at 72
1728 Tomas de Torrejon y Velasco composer, dies at 83
1732 Cajetan Kolberer composer, dies at 63
1740 Thomas Tickell poet, dies
1742 Mihael Omerza composer, dies at 62
1762 Johann Samuel Endler composer, dies at 67
1774 Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich painter, dies
1786 Alexander Cozens English water colors painter, dies at about 68
1812 Franz Sebastian Haindl composer, dies at 85
1827 Johanna C Wattier-Ziesenis actress (Phaedra/Lady MacBeth), dies at 65
1838 John W Janssens Governor-General of Cape Colony/Dutch-Indies, dies at 75
1847 Erik Gustaf Geijer composer, dies at 64
1850 William Wordsworth poet, dies at 80
1853 Auguste Laurent chemist, dies
1865 James Dearing US Confederate Brigadier-General, dies at 24
1878 Friedrich Preller landscape painter, dies
1880 Guess Saleh [Sarief Bastaman] Javanese painter, dies
1885 William Henry Holmes composer, dies at 73
1895 Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig physiologist, dies
1897 Clement Harris composer, dies at 25
1905 Karel Komzak composer, dies at 54
1915 Rupert Chawner Brooke English poet (Lithuania), dies at 27
1918 Percy Thomson Dean Lieutenant-commander, killed at Zeebrugge, dies
1925 André Caplet French composer (Le miroir de Jésus), dies at 45
1926 Joseph Pennell artist/author, dies
1929 Rudolf W Nilsen Norwegian poet (Hverdagen), dies at 28
1942 Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear President of Argentina (1922-28), dies at 73
1943 Fréderic baron d'Erlanger French composer/banker, dies at 74
1945 Albrecht Haushofer writer, dies at 42
1946 Jesus Castillo composer, dies at 68
1952 Elisabeth Schumann singer, dies
1952 Minus van Looi [Benjamin van der Neart] Flemish writer, dies at 60
1955 Robert H Woltjer classical/AR-First-Member of parliament, dies at 76
1957 William Orlamond actor (Flesh & Devil, Words & Music), dies at 89
1960 Cornelis Jan Bakkerr Dutch/US nuclear physicist, dies
1960 Toyohiko Kagawa Japanese Christian-social reformer/writer, dies at 71
1962 Stirling Moss auto racer, killed while racing at 32
1965 Josephina J "Fien" de la Mar Dutch actress (Pygmalion), dies at 67
1969 Krzystzof Komeda composer, dies at 37
1970 Herb Shriner humorist/TV host (Herb Shriner Show), dies at 51
1971 William Tubman President of Liberia (1944-71), dies at 76
1973 Otto Eissfeldt German old testament scholar, dies at 85
1975 Pete Ham rocker (Badfinger), commits suicide by hanging himself at 27
1975 R D Brinkmann writer, dies
1975 William Hartnell actor (Dr Who), dies at 67
1976 James Flavin actor (Man With a Camera), dies at 69
1976 Shimen Ruskin actor (Meyer-Corner Bar), dies at 68
1976 Ronald Radd actor (King Lear, Up Jumped a Swagman), dies at 47
1980 Jane Froman US singer (JF's USA Canteen), dies at 72
1983 Buster Crabbe 400 meter US swimmer (Olympics-gold-1932)/actor, dies from a heart attack in Scottsdale AZ at 76
1983 Selena Royale actress (Robot Monster), dies at 78
1984 August "Guus" Oster actor/director (Carrie), dies at 68
1985 Kent Smith actor (Peyton Place, Invaders), dies at 78
1985 Sam J Ervin Jr (Senator-Democrat-NC), dies at 88
1986 Harold Arlen [Hyman Arluck] US composer, murdered at 81
1986 Jim Laker cricketer (193 wickets for England at 21 24), dies
1986 Otto Preminger director (Advise & Consent, Anatomy of Murder), dies at 79
1988 Arthur Michael Lord Ramsey/archbishop of Canterbury, dies
1990 Albert Salmi (Caddyshack), kills terminally ill wife & self at 62
1990 Palmer Deane actor (Still of the Night), dies
1990 Paulette Goddard actress (Hazard), dies of heart failure in Ronco Switzerland at 78
1991 Peter Bailey Graphic designer/calligrapher, dies
1992 Deron Johnson 1965 National League run leader, dies of cancer at 53
1992 Satyajit Ray Indian director (Distant Thunder/Agantuk), dies at 70
1992 Victoria Kellem Lederman model, dies of amyloidosis at 52
1993 Bertus Aafjes poet/writer (World is a Muze), dies at 78
1993 Lalith Athulathmudali Sri Lankan minister, murdered at 59
1994 Cassidy Clinton Cremer author (John Cremer), murdered at 30
1994 Cecile Dreesmann son of Anton Dreesmann, dies at 74
1995 Howard Cosell sportscaster (Monday Night Football), dies at 77
1995 John Stennis (Senator-Democrat-MS), dies at 93
1995 Lonesome Sundown blues singer/guitarist, dies at 66
1995 Robert Selby Taylor bishop, dies at 86
1996 Leonard Kuntstat blues discographer, dies at 70
1996 Pamela Lyndon Travers writer (Mary Poppins), dies at 96

Golden Link 1/ On this day 23rd April

Golden Link 2/ On this day 23rd April

Golden Link 3/ On this day 23rd April