11th April, on this day

491 Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor, with the name of Anastasius I. 672 Deusdedit III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
678 Donus ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1079 Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow is executed by order of Boleslaw II of Poland.
1241 -Batu Khan defeats Béla IV of Hungary at the Battle of Muhi.
1471 King Edward IV of England conquers London from Henry VI
1512 Battle at Ravenna France under Gaston de Foix beat Spanish Army
1551 English premier John Dudley appointed duke of Northumberland
1564 England and France sign Peace of Troyes
1564 Liege Prince-Bishop Robert van Bergen resigns
1644 English Civil War: the Battle of Selby ends with a victory for the Parliamentarian forces commanded by Sir Thomas Fairfax over the Royalists
1677 Battle at Montcassel, French troops beat Prince William III
1689 William III and Mary II crowned as joint rulers of Britain
1713 France cedes Gibraltar and Newfoundland to Britain by France in the Treaty of Utrecht
1775 Last execution for witchcraft in Germany.
1814 1st abdication of France by Napoleon; he is exiled to Elba
1830 Robert Schumann attends piano concerto by Paganini
1848 Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under king Ferdinand of Austria
1856 Battle of Rivas, Nicaragua, Juan Santamaria burns down the hostel where William Walker's filibusters are holed up.
1862 Rebels surrender Fort Pulaski, GA
1863 Battle of Suffolk, VA (Norfleet House)
1865 Abraham Lincoln makes his last public speech. He urges a spirit of generous conciliation during reconstruction
1868 The Shogunate is abolished in Japan.
1876 Sir Charles Gordon ends religious tolerance in Sudan
1881 River ferry "Princess Victoria" sinks in Thames River Ontario, 180 die
1890 Ellis Island designated as an immigration station
1891 8 year old Jewish tailor's daughter disappears in Greece, rumour spreads that she was a Christian girl ritually killed by Jews
1898 President William McKinley asks for Spanish-American War declaration
1899 Treaty of Paris is ratified, ending war; Spain cedes Puerto Rico to US
1900 US Navy's 1st submarine made its debut
1902 Battle at Rooiwal, South-Africa
1905 Einstein introduces his "Theory of Relativity"
1912 Cornerstone of Technion in Haifa, Palestine laid
1914 George Bernard Shaw's "Pygmalion", premieres
1919 A referendum in New Zealand rejects the prohibition of alcohol
1919 Founding of the International Labour Organisation
1921 First sports broadcast on the radio.
1921 The Emirate of Transjordan is created.
1921 Iowa imposes 1st state cigarette tax
1921 Turkestan ASSR is established in Russian SFSR
1924 Socialists win Denmark's parliamentary elections
1925 Abd el-Krims Rifkabylen beats French army in Morocco
1927 Chilean General Carlos Ibáñez names himself president
1929 Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky is refused political asylum in Germany
1929 Cartoon character Popeye the Sailor makes his first appearance as a supporting character in a cartoon strip in several newspapers in New York
1930 In New York, scientists predict that a man will walk on the Moon before the year 2050 (in fact it was only 39 years later, in 1969
1933 Hermann Göring becomes premier of Prussia
1939 Hungary leaves League of Nations
1939 The game of darts is banned in public houses in Glasgow because it is 'too dangerous'
1941 Germany blitzes Conventry, England
1941 Jewish Weekly newspaper taken control by Nazi's
1941 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands confiscate Jewish assets
1942 Distinguished Service Medal for Merchant Marines authorized
1943 Frank Piasecki, Vertol founder, flies his 1st (single-rotor) craft
1944 RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague
1945 Allies liberate 1st Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald, Germany
1945 SS burns and shoots 1,100 at Gardelegen
1945 US captures Tsugen Shima
1945 US troops conquers Mülheim, Oberhausen, Bochum, Unna, Essen
1947 In Britain, James Mason and Margaret Lockwood are voted Britain's favourite film stars
1950 Prince Rainier III becomes ruler of Monaco
1950 US B-29 bomber shot down above Latvia
1951 American President Truman relieves war hero General Douglas MacArthur of his command in the Far East following a disagreement over Korea
1951 The Stone of Scone, the stone upon which Scottish monarchs were traditionally crowned, is found on the site of the altar of Arbroath Abbey. It had been taken by Scottish nationalist students from its traditional (to the British government) location in Westminster Abbey.
1952 The Battle of Nanri island takes place.
1952 Queen Elizabeth II announces that her children and decendents will bear the surname of Windsor
1955 The Air India Kashmir Princess downs in a failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by the Kuomintang.
1956 Singer Nat Cole attacked on stage of Birmingham theater by whites
1956 French government decides to sends 200,000 reservists to Algeria
1957 Ryan X-13 Vertijet becomes 1st jet to take-off and land vertically
1957 Britain agrees to Singapore self rule
1957 Pablo Neruda arrested in Buenos Aires
1960 1st weather satellite launched (Tiros 1)
1961 Bob Dylan's 1st appearance at Folk City, Greenwich Village
1961 Israel begins the Adolf Eichman WWII crimes trial
1961 Austrian 4th and last government of Raab resigns
1963 John XXIII encyclical "On peace in truth, justice, charity and liberty"
1963 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1965 40 tornadoes strike US midwest killing 272 and injuring 5,000
1966 American singer Frank Sinatra releases 'Strangers In The Night'
1967 Tom Stoppard's "Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead", premieres
1968 President Lyndon Johnson signs 1968 Civil Rights Act, prohibiting discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of housing.
1968 Polish Marshal Spychalski succeeds Ochab as president
1968 In America, rioting in many towns and cities following the assassination of black civil rights leader Martin Luther King
1968 West Berlin student Rudi Dutschke seriously wounded at demonstration
1969 South African President Frederik de Klerk marries Marike Willemse
1970 Apollo 13 launched to Moon; unable to land, returns in 6 days
1970 Beatles' "Let It Be", single goes number 1 and stays for 2 weeks
1972 Beatle Paul McCartney is fined for importing cannabis into Sweden
1972 USSR performs underground nuclear test
1973 British Government introduces a tar content table to be printed on every packet of cigarettes
1974 WWII war criminal JP Philippa arrested
1977 Ireland sets fishing zone at 50 mile
1979 Tanzanian forces overthrow the regime of Ugandan dictator Idi Amin
1981 Ronald Reagan arrives home from hospital after Hinkley shot him
1981 Race riot in London area of Brixton, results in almost 300 police injuries and 65 serious civilian injuries.
1984 Challenger astronauts complete 1st in space satellite repair
1984 Chinese troops invade Vietnam
1984 General Secretary Konstantin U Chernenko named President of Soviet Union
1986 Halley's Comet makes closest approach to Earth this trip, 63 million km
1987 The London Agreement is secretly signed between Israeli Foreign Affairs Minister Shimon Peres and King Hussein of Jordan.
1990 Customs officers in Middlesbrough, United Kingdom, say they have seized what they believe to be the barrel of a massive gun on a ship bound for Iraq.
1991 UN Security Council issues formal cease fire with Iraq declaration
1992 Country singer Lee Greenwood weds Miss Tennessee 1989 (Kimberly Payne)
1992 Euro-Disney opens near Paris France
1992 Irish Republican Army bombs London financial district, killing 3
2001 The detained crew of a United States EP-3E aircraft that landed in Hainan, People's Republic of China after a collision with an J-8 fighter is released.
2002 The Ghriba synagogue bombing by Al Qaeda kills 21 in Tunisia.
2002 An attempted coup d'état in Venezuela against President Hugo Chávez began.
2006 Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announces that Iran has successfully enriched uranium.
2007 Two bombings in the Algerian capital of Algiers, kills 33 people and wounds a further 222 others. 2007 Algiers bombings.  

11th April 2006

Prodi hails Italy poll 'victory'

Karachi park explosion 'kills 40'

'Top Mafia boss' caught in Italy

11th April 2007

Explosions rock Algerian capital

Iraqis' suffering

Egypt torture centre, report says

Sri Lanka clashes

11th April 2008

Zimbabwe bans political rallies

'Dozens hurt' in Dhaka protests

Attacks in Rwanda genocide week

11th April 2009

Suicide bomber kills Iraqi Sunnis

Key nations 'agree N Korea draft'

Somali pirates seize another boa

11th April 2010

Pakistan raids 'kill 12 Taliban fighters'

Bangkok clashes death toll rises to 20

President's body returns to Poland

Birthdates which occurred on 11th April :

1370 Frederick I the Warlike elector of Saxony
1586 Pietro Della Valle composer
1602 Johann Neukrantz composer
1638 Diogo Diaz Melgaz composer
1661 Antoine Coypel French painter/poet
1681 Anne Danican Philidor composer
1682 Jean-Joseph Mouret composer
1715 John Alcock composer
1722 Christopher Smart English poet & journalist (Ceremony of Carols)
1735 Pierre Nicolas La Houssaye composer
1769 Johann Georg Lickl composer
1770 George Canning (C) British PM (1827)
1772 Manuel José Quintana Spanish author/poet (El Duque de Viseo)
1775 Charles-François Dumonchau composer
1779 Louise Reichardt composer
1793 Nicolaas C Kist Dutch church historian/archivist
1794 Edward Everett Dorchester MA, (Governor-MA), statesman/orator
1801 Claude Tillier French journalist/writer (My Uncle Benjamin)
1815 Klara Fey German orchestra leader (Deutscher Arbeiterverein)
1825 Ferdinand Lassalle French politician/founder (Allgemeiner)
1837 Ephraim Elmer Ellsworth Colonel (Union Army), died in 1861
1838 Joseph Leopold Rockel composer
1840 John Conrad Nordqvist composer
1854 Hugh Massie cricketer (Australian batsman of the 1880's)
1856 Arthur Shrewsbury cricketer (dominant England bat late 19th cent)
1856 Constantly Lievens Flemish missionary in India
1859 Basil Harwood composer
1862 Charles Evans Hughs 11th Chief Justice of Supreme Court (1930-41)
1862 William W Campbell US astronomer/director Lick Observatory
1866 Carla Ford Henry's wife
1867 John P Lotsy Dutch botanist/geneticist (Genetics)
1879 Leendert Round Dutch sculptor (entrance Rotterdam Zoo)
1881 Harvey Bartlett Gaul composer
1883 Leonard Mudie England, actor (Magnetic Monster, British Intelligence)
1888 Donald Calthrop London, actor (Blackmail, Scrooge, Rome Express)
1889 Nick La Rocca US coronetist/composer (Tiger Rag)
1893 Dean G Acheson statesman/US Secretary of State (1949-53)
1893 Johannes T Thijsse Dutch founder (Waterloopkundig lab Delft)
1897 Caspar Neher German set designer/librettist
1898 Lou Holtz comedian/actor (Follow the Leader)
1899 Percy L Julian chemist (drugs for treatment of arthritis)
19-- Cathie Shirriff Toronto Ontario Canada, actress (Ripley's Believe It or Not, Shaping Up)
1901 Glenway Wescott American writer (Apartment in Athens)
1901 Adriano Olivetti Italian engineer/manufacturer (typewriter)
1901 Theodor Rogalski composer
1902 Quentin Reynolds New York NY, newscaster (Its News to Me)/author (FBI)
1904 Arthur Ernest Mourant haematologist
1904 Paul McGrath Chicago IL, actor (Witness, No Time for Love)
1907 Paul Douglas Philadelphia PA, actor (Adventure Theater, Clash by Night)
1907 William Henry Swinburne music teacher
1908 Karel Ancerl Czechoslovakia, conductor (Prague/Toronto)
1908 Leo Rosten writer/humourist
1908 Masura Ibuka industrialist
1910 Antonio Sebastiao Ribiero de Spínola General/President of Portugal
1910 Henry William Collins artist
1911 Stella Walsh-Stanislawa-Walasiewicz Poland, sprinter (Olympics-gold-32, won 41 AAU track titles)
1912 John Larkin Oakland CA, actor (Saints & Sinners, 12 O'Clock High)
1913 Oleg Cassini Paris France, fashion designer (Jackie Kennedy)
1915 [Hanlon] Pat Clarke cyclist
1916 Alberto E Ginastera Buenos Aires Argentina, composer (Panambi)
1916 Dan Fortmann NFL guard (Chicago Bears)
1916 Howard Koch producer/director (Frankenstein, Airplane II)
1918 Cameron Mitchell actor (Hombre, How to Marry a Millionaire)
1918 Jean-Claude Servan-Schreiber journalist
1918 Richard Wainwright MP
1918 William Perrie British prison governor
1919 Hugh Carey (Governor-Democrat-NY)
1919 Raymond Carr Warden (St Antony's College Oxford)
1920 Marlen Haushofer writer
1921 Jeff Stollmeyer cricketer (West Indies batsman pre/post-war)
1921 Virginia O'Brien Los Angeles CA, actress (Francis in the Navy)
1921 Viscount Buckmaster
1922 Alexander Raichev composer
1922 Antoine Blondin writer
1925 Johan van Zonderen painter
1925 Oscar De Ville CEO (Meyer International)
1925 Rik Kuijpers Belgian director (Sea gulls die in the harbor)
1926 Gervase de Peyer clarinettist
1926 Robert Hall Lewis composer
1927 Domenico Guaccero composer
1928 Ethel [Skakel] Kennedy Chicago IL, wife of Bobby
1929 Lawrence Coughlin (Representative-Republican-PA, 1969- )
1930 Carl Franklin Richmond CA, actor (Fantastic Journey)
1930 Nicholas F Brady US Secretary of Treasury (1988-93)
1930 Clive Exton scriptwriter & playwright
1930 James Alan Ferman secretary (British Board of Film Classification)
1930 Joseph Burnett-Stuart CEO (Robert Fleming Holdings)
1930 Kazuo Fukushima composer
1930 W G [Bill] Hefner (Representative-Democrat-NC, 1975- )
1931 John[ny] Sheffield Pasadena CA, actor (boy in many Tarzan movies)
1932 F Gregory Neubeck USAF pilot
1932 Joel Grey [Joe Katz] Cleveland OH, actor (Cabaret, Remo Williams, 7% Solution)
1932 Max Schubel composer
1933 Tony Brown Charleston WV, newsman (Tony Brown's Journal)
1934 Mark Strand American poet/editor/translator (Another Republic)
1934 Dame Anne Poole chief nursing officer (Department of Health)
1934 Richard A Garland artist/photographer
1935 Pierre Kartner [Father Abraham], Dutch singer (Smurf Song)
1935 Richard Berry musician
1936 Janet Allen Headmistress (Benenden School)
1938 Michael Deaver politician/influence peddler (S&L scandal)
1939 Louise Lasser New York NY, actress (Mary Hartman! Mary Hartman!)
1941 Frederick "Rick" Hauck Long Beach CA, astronaut (STS-7, STS 51-A, STS-26)
1941 David Lyle Boren (Senator-Democrat-OK, 1979- )
1942 Anatoli Nikolayevich Berezovoi Enem Adygeya Russia, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-5)
1943 E J Dommering Dutch lawyer
1943 Elmer R Wilsoe Island mayor (Curaçao)
1944 John Milius writer (Red Dawn, 1941, Big Wednesday)
1944 R J B Knight deputy director (National Maritime Museum)
1945 Robert Fripp guitarist (King Crimson)
1947 Peter Riegert New York NY, actor (Americathon, Animal House, Crossing Delancey)
1947 Michael Hindley British Member of European Parliament
1947 Michael Wright Vice-Chancello, (Aston University)
1947 Ulrich Edel Neuenburg am Rhein West Germany, film director (The Little Vampire, Body of Evidence)
1948 Ellen Goodman syndicated columnist
1950 Bill Irwin Santa Monica, actor (My Blue Heaven, Scenes From a Mall)
1951 Robbie House rocker (Snuff)
1952 Michael Daly Toronto Ontario Canada, Canadian Tour golfer (1991 British Columbia Winter Tour)
1954 Chris Difford rocker (Squeeze)
1955 Michele Scarabelli Montréal Québec Canada, actress (Jo Santini-Airwolf, Alienation, Dallas)
1955 Piers J Sellers Sussex England, PhD/astronaut
1957 Everton Mattis cricketer (West Indies batsman early 80's)
1958 [William] Stuart Adamson Manchester England, rock vocalist/guitarist (Big Country-Wonderland)
1958 John Castellanos San Diego CA, actor (John Silva-Young and Restless)
1958 Sally Clark Feilding New Zealand, equestrian 3 day event (Olympics-silver-96)
1961 Lucky Vanous Lincoln NE, model (GQ, Diet Coke)
1962 André Wasiman soccer player (FC Volendam)
1962 Terry Hoage NFL wide receiver (Arizona Cardinals)
1963 Eddy Moya El Paso TX, actor
1963 Elizabeth Smylie Perth Australia, tennis star (1987 Oklahoma City)
1966 Dave Richards NFL guard (Atlanta Falcons)
1966 Kara McGaw Toronto Ontario Canada, softball rightfielder (Olympics-96)
1966 Lisa Stansfield English pop singer (Around the World)
1966 Mark Higgs NFL running back (Arizona Cardinals)
1966 Steve Scarsone Anaheim CA, infielder (San Francisco Giants)
1967 Lachlan Dreher Australian field hockey goal keeper (Olympics-silver-92, 96)
1967 Mark Seay NFL wide receiver (San Diego Chargers, Philadelphia Eagles)
1967 Stefan Johnstown Norwegian speed walker (world record 20 km)
1967 Wendel Suckow Marquette MI, luger (Olympics-1994)
1968 Eric Moten NFL guard/tackle (San Diego Chargers)
1969 Gavin Briant cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman 1993)
1969 J Nick Adamson Freeport Bahamas, US laser yachter (Olympics-21st-1996)
1969 Janeth Arcain WNBA forward (Houston Comets)
1969 Jesse Campbell NFL safety (New York Giants, Washington Redskins)
1970 Delroy Pearson Romford Essex England, rocker (Five Star-Between the Lines)
1970 Joe Vitiello Cambridge MA, infielder (Kansas City Royals)
1970 Sean Bergman Joliet IL, pitcher (San Diego Padres)
1970 Trevor Linden Medicine Hat, NHL right wing (Canucks, New York Islanders)
1972 Avo Avetisyan WLAF defensive linesman (Amsterdam Admirals)
1972 Dietrich Jells wide receiver (New England Patriots)
1972 Kunihiko Sakurai hockey forward (Team Japan 1998)
1972 Nicole Levesque WNBA guard (Charlotte Sting)
1972 Ted Johnson linebacker (New England Patriots)
1973 Blake Brockermeyer NFL tackle (Green Bay Packers, Carolina Panthers)
1973 Monica Chala Miss Ecuador-Universe (1996)
1973 Reggie Tongue NFL safety (Kansas City Chiefs)
1974 Alex Corretja Barcelona Spain, tennis star (1990 Orange Bowl boys 16)
1974 Sascha van Wissen Dutch soccer player (MVV)
1975 Terry Cousin NFL cornerback (Chicago Bears)
1978 Victor Sikora soccer player (Go Ahead Eagles)
1984 ? 1st deep freeze baby, in Australia


Deaths which occurred on April 11th:
0678 Donus Italian Pope (676-78), dies
1034 Romanus III Argyrus Byzantine emperor (1028-34), assasinated by wife
1240 Llywelyn ab Iorwerth the Great monarch of Wales (1194-1240), dies
1500 Michael T Marullus Greeks poet, drowns
1512 Gaston de Foix French pretender to Navarra throne, dies in battle
1648 Matthaus Apelles von Lowenstern composer, dies at 53
1729 Manuel de Egues composer, dies at 71
1783 Nikita I Panin Russian earl/ambassador in Denmark, dies at 64
1810 Jakob Zupan composer, dies at 75
1812 Gottlieb Schick German painter (Opfer Noachs), dies at 35
1838 Pieter L Uys South African pioneer (Great Pull), murdered at 40
1839 John Galt Scottish writer (Last of the Lairds), dies at 59
1842 John England bishop of Charleston Carolina, dies
1853 Louis Emmanuel Eadin composer, dies
1854 Karl Adolph von Basedow German Democratic Republic (Ziekte van Basedow), dies at 55
1875 Heinrich Schwabe discoverer of 11-year sunspot cycle, dies
1881 Kristian Mandrup Elster Norwegian author (Torn Trondal), dies at 40
1887 Pyotr Petrovich Sokal'sky composer, dies at 54
1901 Ivar Christian Hallstrom composer, dies at 74
1902 Hendrik Potgieter South African Boer General, dies in battle
1903 Gemma Galgani Italian saint, dies at 25
1906 James A Bailey circus showman (Barnum & Bailey), dies at 58
1906 Georgi Apollonovitch Gapon Russian-orthodox clergyman/tsarist agent, dies
1916 Richard Harding Davis journalist, dies at 52
1918 Arthur Ochse cricketer (WWI played for South Africa in 1889 aged 19), dies
1921 Virginia O'Brien Los Angeles CA, actress (Francis in the Navy)
1921 Augusta Victoria Queen of Prussia/wife of Emperor Wilhelm II, dies
1936 Mitya Stillman composer, dies at 44
1939 SS Van Dine [William Huntingdon Wright] detective writer, dies at 50
1945 Kamiel van Baelen Flemish resistance fighter (in Dachau), dies at 29
1952 Wadi' Sabra composer, dies at 76
1961 Francis de Bourguignon composer, dies at 70
1969 Ludvig Irgens Jensen composer, dies at 74
1970 Cathy O'Donnell dies at 66
1970 John H O'Hara US journalist (Pal Joey, Rage to Live), dies at 65
1973 Ted Decorsia actor (Police Chief Hegedorn-Steve Canyon), dies at 69
1974 Curt Conway dies
1975 Dorothy Patten dies at 70
1976 Liam Dunn dies a 59
1977 Jacques Prévert French poet (La puil et le beau), dies at 77
1980 Charlotte Henry dies
1980 Florence Lake dies
1981 Marie Ney dies at 85
1983 Dolores Del Rio actress (Cheyenne Autumn), dies at 78
1985 Enver Hoxha party leader/premier of Albania, dies at 76
1987 Erskine Caldwell novelist (Tobacco Road), dies at 83
1987 Kent Taylor actor (Boston Blackie, Rough Riders), dies at 79
1987 Primo Levi Italy, chemist/writer (Survival in Auschwitz), dies at 67
1988 David Prater US singer (Sam & Dave-Soul Man), dies in car crash at 50
1988 Jeff Donnell actor (Hoedown, 9 Girls), dies of a heart attack at 66
1989 Henk van Galen Last Dutch journalist, dies at 68
1990 Barbara Ann Miller dies
1991 Tom Rosqui dies at 62
1992 Adele Dixon singer/actress (Uneasy Virtue), dies of pneumonia at 83
1992 Eve Merriam poet (Inner City Mother Goose), dies of cancer at 75
1992 James Brown actor (Rip-Adventures of Rin Tin Tin), dies at 72
1993 Mohammed el-Himi Brigadier-General of Egyptian police, murdered
1993 Rachmon Nabiyev President of Tadzjikistan (1973..92), dies at 63
1994 Johan Block Dutch aviation pioneer (Martinair/Transavia), dies at 64
1996 Daniel Wolf journalist, dies at 80
1996 Edwin Clarke historian/neurologist, dies at 76
1996 Jessica Dubroff hoped to be youngest to fly across US, crashed at 7
1996 Louis Osman artist/goldsmith/craftsman, dies at 82
1996 Marcel Bleustein-Blanchet advertising magnate, dies at 89
1997 Michael Dorris writer, commits suicide at 52

Golden Link 1/ On this day 11th April

Golden Link 2/ On this day 11th April

Golden Link 3/ On this day 11th April