1st April, on this day

374 Halley's Comet approaches within 0.0884 astronomical units (AUs) of Earth
1064 Body of bishop Eleutherius of Blandain moved to Doornik
1318 Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English
1340 Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III of Holstein in his bedroom, ending the 1332-
1340 interregnum in Denmark.
1504 English guilds/corp goes under state control
1572 In the Eighty Years' War, the Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic.
1578 William Harvey of England discovers blood circulation
1581 Portugese Cortes subjects himself on Philip II
1663 Gemert fines unwed motherhood (50 guilder penalty)
1724 Henry Pelham becomes English minister of War
1724 Jonathan Swift publishes Drapier's letters
1748 Ruins of Pompeii found
1778 Oliver Pollock, a New Orleans businessman, creates "$" symbol
1789 House of Representatives 1st full meeting, New York NY, F Muhlenberg 1st speaker
1792 Gronings feminist Etta Palm demands women's right to divorce
1793 Volcano Unsen on Japan erupts killing about 53,000
1803 French law rules the use of intention
1826 Samuel Mory patents internal combustion engine
1836 Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Cocos Islands
1850 San Francisco County government established
1853 Cincinnati becomes 1st US city to pay firefighters a regular salary
1854 Hard Times begins serialisation in Charles Dickens magazine, "Household Words"
1857 Herman Melville publishes "The Confidence Man"
1862 Shenandoah Valley campaign, Jackson's Battle of Woodstock, VA
1863 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect
1865 Battle of 5 Forks, VA, signalling end of Lee's army
1866 US Congress rejects presidential veto gives all equal rights in US
1867 Blacks vote in municipal election in Tuscumbia, AL
1867 International Exhibition opens in Paris, France
1867 Singapore, Penang and Malakka become British crown colonies
1868 Hampton Institute opens
1872 1st edition of The Standard
1873 British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 550+ die
1877 Eddison announces invention of microphone
1881 Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem
1889 1st dishwashing machine marketed (Chicago)
1891 London-Paris telephone connection opens
1891 Painter Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti
1891 The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
1899 North Carolina Mutual opens doors for business
1905 British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya
1908 Britain forms Territorial Army
1918 In Britain, the creation of the Royal Air Force, the RAF, incorporating the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service
1920 Church disestablished in Wales
1924 Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
1924 Imperial Airways is formed in Britain
1924 Hitler sentenced to 5 years labor but General Ludendorff acquitted
1924 First revenue flight for Belgium's Sabena Airlines
1924 The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.
1924 The first gramophone to change records automatically goes on sale
1927 1st automatic record changer introduced by His Master's Voice
1928 Chiang Kai-shek's army crosses Yang-tse
1929 Austrian government of Ignaz Seipel falls
1929 Louis Marx introduces Yo-Yo
1929 Luis Buñuel releases "Un Chien Andalou", 24-minute film
1930 "Blue Angel", starring unknown Marlene Dietrich, premieres in America
1931 Jackie Mitchell becomes 1st female in professional baseball
1931 Earthquake devastates Managua, Nicaragua, kills 2,000
1933 The recently elected Nazis under Julius Streicher organize a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany, ushering in the series of anti-Semitic acts that will be known as the Holocaust.
1933 Heinrich Himmler becomes Police Commander of Germany
1934 Bonnie and Clyde kill 2 police officers
1935 1st radio tube made of metal announced, Schenectady, NY
1935 Britain introduces Green Belt legislation to stop indiscriminate building on many areas of the countryside
1936 Orissa constitutes a province of British India
1937 Aden becomes British crown colony
1939 End of the Spanish Civil War: US recognizes Franco government in Spain, Pope Pius XII congratulates Generalissimo Franco's victory in Spain
1941 Navy takes over Treasure Island (San Francisco Bay)
1941 Nazi's forbid Jews access to cafés
1941 Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq
1942 México changes from 3 time zones to 2
1942 Allied air raid on harbor city Kupang Timor
1944 German Abwehr ends England spiel, after 132 killed
1944 Accidental American bombing of the Swiss city of Schaffhausen. The bombers were lost.
1944 Japanese troops conquer Jessami, East-India
1945 US forces launch invasion of Okinawa during WWII -- Operation Iceberg
1945 1st edition of Indonesia Merdeka publishes
1945 Canadian troop free Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo and Eibergen
1945 Ruhrgebied sealed off by US 1st and 9th army
1946 400,000 US mine workers strike
1946 Tsunamis generated by a quake in Aleutian Trench strike Hilo HI
1946 Van Acker forms Belgian government (without CVP)
1946 Weight Watchers forms
1947 Britain nationalises the Electricity Industry
1947 School leaving age in Britain raised to 15
1947 1st Jewish immigrants to Israel disembark at Port of Eilat
1948 The blockade of Berlin begins with Soviet troops enforcing road and rail blocks between Berlin and the Allied Zone in West Germany. The Allies mount a massive airlift to keep West Berlin supplied
1948 Faroe Islands receive autonomy from Denmark
1949 Chinese Civil War: Communist Party of China hold unsuccessful peace talks with the Kuomintang in Beijing, after three years of fighting.
1949 The twenty-six counties of the Irish Free State become the Republic of Ireland.
1952 Big Bang theory proposed in Physical Review by Alpher, Bethe and Gamow
1952 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1953 J van Bale appointed Governor of New Guinea
1954 1st army helicopter battalion is formed, Fort Bragg NC
1954 US Air Force Academy established
1954 1st Dutch motorway, Amsterdam-Utrecht, opens
1954 Earthquake/tsunami ravage Aleutians, 200 killed
1955 EOKA-bomb attacks against British government buildings in Cyprus
1956 Violent clashes in Algeria, at least 380 killed
1957 Trial begins in Budapest against participants october uprising
1957 World's biggest glass oven used
1958 First Aldermaston march for nuclear disarmament in Britain
1960 U Nu elected premier of Burma
1960 France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
1960 RCA TIROS (TV & Infra-Red Observation 'weather' Satellite) I launched
1961 Jim Bakker marries Tammy Faye
1963 NYC's newspapers resume publishing after a 114 day strike
1963 The Soap Opera General Hospital debuted
1964 John Lennon is reunited with his father Freddie after 17 years
1965 Britain announces the formation of Greater London - comprising the City of London and 32 Metropolitan Authorities
1965 Syncom 3, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, passes from civilian to military control
1965 South Africa worker's union leader Henry Fazzie sentenced to 10 years
1966 China premier Tsjoe en-Lai starts "Cultural revolution"
1969 The Hawker Siddeley Harrier enters service with the RAF.
1970 John Lennon and Yoko Ono release hoax they are having dual sex change operations
1970 President Richard Nixon signs the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act into law, requiring surgeon general's warnings on tobacco products and banning cigarette advertisements on television and radio in the United States starting on January 1, 1971.
1971 United Kingdom lifts all restrictions on gold ownership
1971 US/Canada ISIS 2 launched to study ionosphere
1972 30,000 attend Mar Y Sol rock concert, Vega Baja, Puerto Rico
1973 Japan allows its citizens to own gold
1973 John and Yoko form a new country with no laws or boundaries, called Nutopia, its national anthem is silence
1973 Britain introduces VAT (Value Added Tax) to replace Purchase Tax and SET
1974 Yourdon, Inc forms
1974 In the United Kingdom, the Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties come into being.
1974 Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran
1975 Cambodia President Lon Nol flees for Red Khmer
1976 Stephen Wozniak and Steven Jobs originate Apple Computer
1976 Conrail takes over operations from six bankrupt railroads in the northeastern U.S..
1976 Jovian-Plutonian gravitational effect first reported by the astronomer Patrick Moore
1977 Attempt for Moslem state in Chad fails
1979 Iran proclaimed an Islamic Republic following fall of Shah
1980 Opening of Britain's first nudist beach at Brighton
1980 Failed assassination attempt on Iraqi vice-premier Tariq Aziz
1980 France performs nuclear test
1980 New York City's Transit Worker Union 100 goes on strike, lasting 11 days.
1981 Daylight saving time is introduced in the USSR.
1982 US formally transfers Canal Zone to Panamá
1982 Anguilla (dependent territory of UK) adopts constitution
1983 Anti-nuke demonstrators link arms in 14-mile human chain in England
1986 US sub Nathaniel Green runs aground in the Irish Sea
1986 World oil prices dip below $10 a barrel
1989 Margaret Thatcher's new local government tax, the Community Charge (commonly known as the 'poll tax'), was introduced in Scotland.
1990 It becomes illegal in Salem OR to be within 2' of nude dancers
1990 Guns and Roses' Duff divorces Mandy Brix, lead singer for Lame Flames
1991 Warsaw Pact officially dissolves
1991 Iran releases British hostage Roger Cooper after 5 years
1992 Battleship USS Missouri (on which, Japan surrendered) decommissioned
1992 Rocker Billy Idol fined $2,000 for hitting a woman
1992 World's 7 wealthiest nations agree on $24 billion aid for former USSR
1993 Alan Bennett's "Madness of George III", premieres in London
1993 Stephanie Powers weds Patrick de la Chenais
1997 Comet Hale-Bopp Perihelion (0.914 AU)
1999 In Britain's first full war crimes trial Anthony Sawoniuk, aged 78, is given two life sentences for the murder of 18 Jews during World War
1999 Nunavut is established as a Canadian territory carved from the eastern part of the Northwest Territories.
2001 An EP-3E United States Navy plane collides with a Chinese People's Liberation Army fighter jet. The Navy crew makes an emergency landing in Hainan, People's Republic of China and is detained.
2001 Former president of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Miloševic surrenders to police special forces, to be tried on charges of war crimes.
2001 Same-sex marriage comes into force in the Netherlands, which is the first country to allow it.
2002 The Netherlands legalizes euthanasia, becoming the first nation in the world to do so.
2006 The Serious Organised Crime Agency, dubbed the 'British FBI', is created in the United Kingdom.

1st April 2006

Rice shrugs off UK visit protests

Rush to aid Iran quake homeless

Brazilian pioneer docks in space

1st April 2007

Protests at UK's Tehran embassy

Children killed in Afghan attack

Trading ban on non-Russians

1st April 2008

Deal 'close' for Mugabe to leave

Iraqi death toll climbs sharply

Jamaica poor 'at mercy of gangs'

1st April 2009

G20 summit in pictures

Nato welcomes Albania and Croatia

1st April 2010

UN accused over Afghan poll fraud

Sudan opposition in election boycott

Prisoners escape from Yemen jail

Birthdates which occurred on 1st April :

1283 Ludwig IV of Baveria Roman Catholic Bavarian emperor (1314-47)
1578 William Harvey England, physician (discovered blood circulation)
1582 Gaspar de Crayer Flemish painter
1582 Thomas Simpson composer
1643 Christian Demelius composer
1697 Abbé Prévost French novelist/journalist (Manon Lescaut)
1721 Pieter Hellendaal Dutch violinist/organist/composer (Glees)
1725 François Bainville composer
1732 Franz Josef Haydn Austria, composer (Die Schöpfung)
1755 Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin French politician/author (Physiologie du Goût)
1772 Ignaz Franz von Mosel composer
1785 J H Ferdinand Olivier German painter
1793 Edouard Corbière French captain/writer (Le negrier)
1802 Hubert Reis composer
1807 Fredrik Cygnaeus Finnish poet/literature critic
1809 Nikolai Gogol writer
1809 Willem Ruys J Dz Dutch ship owner
1815 Otto Von Bismarck Germany, chancellor (1866-90)
1817 Johannes J van Oosterzee Dutch theologist
1823 Simon Bolivar Buckner Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1914
1834 Isidore Edouard Legouix composer
1843 Ludwig Enneccerus German jurist
1847 Gavriil Musicescu composer
1847 Jules-Nicolas Crevaux French explorer (South America)
1852 Edward Austin Abbey US, painter (Quest of the Holy Grail)
1858 Arnold Aletrino Dutch physician-criminologist/author (From Life)
1858 Gaetano Mosca Italian sociologist (Circulation of Elite)
1864 Marie Jungius Dutch fairy tale writer
1865 Richard Zsigmondy Germany, chemist (Nobel-1925)
1866 Ferruccio D M B Busoni Italy, pianist/composer/conductor (Arlecchino)
1866 Johannes C H de Meÿere Dutch zoologist
1866 Sophonisba Breckenridge scholar/teacher/social activist
1868 Edmond Rostand France, poet/playwright (Cyrano de Bergerac)
1869 Peter A Egge Norwegian writer (De Droom)
1871 F Melius Christiansen composer
1872 Tadeusz Joteyko composer
1873 Sergei Vasilievitch Rachmaninov Novgorod Provine Russia, composer (Prelude in C# Minor)
1875 Edgar Wallace England, novelist/playwright/journalist (The Terror)
1878 Carl Sternheim German playwright (Hyperion/Tabula Rasa)
1883 Lon Chaney Colorado Springs CO, man of 1000 faces, actor (High Noon, Phantom of Opera)
1883 Aleksander V Aleksandrov Russian composer/conductor
1884 Laurette Taylor [Helen LM Cooney], US actress (Broadway)
1885 Clementine Ogilvy Spencer-Churchill (Hozier) British barones
1886 Wallace Beery Kansas City MO, actor (Alias a Gentleman, Dinner at 8, Ah Wilderness)
1886 Casimir von Paszthory composer
1887 Leonard Bloomfield US linguist
1893 Cicely Courtneidge Sydney Australia, actress (Double Exposure)
1895 Alberta Hunter African-American blues singer/composer (Downhearted Blues)
1897 Willem H van de Pol Dutch theologist (Christian Dilemma)
1898 Nita Naldi [Anita Donna Dooley] New York NY, actress (Blood & Sand)
1898 Pola Gojawiczynska Polish writer (Stolica)
1898 Roger Bastide French sociologist
1901 Boris Koutzen composer
1902 L P Jai cricketer (one Test India vs England 1934, scored 19 & 0)
1904 Juan Gil-Albert poet
1905 Gaston Eyskens PM of Belgium (1949, 1958-61, 1968-72)
1905 "Mother" Clara Hale US social worker (founded Hale House)
1905 Winfried P I Zillig German opera composer/conductor (Fantasia Irica)
1906 Ned Glass Poland, actor (Sol-Julia, Uncle Moe-Bridget Loves Bernie)
1906 Sigve Lie Norway, yachtsman (Olympics-gold-1948, 52)
1907 Walter Kaufmann composer
1908 Abraham H Maslow US psychologist (humanistic psychology)
1909 Abner Biberman Milwaukee WI, director/actor (Imhook-Kodiak)
1911 Evert H "Bep" Bakhuys Dutch soccer star/writer
1911 Ferdinand J Kranenburg Dutch Secretary of Defense (Socialist Democrat)
1911 Günther Rennert Essen Germany, opera director/producer
1914 Carla van Neste Belgian violinist
1915 Art Lund Salt Lake City UT, singer (Ken Murray Show)
1915 Willy Dixon blues artist (Mellow Down Easy)
1917 Leon Janney Ogden UT, actor (Hawk)
1917 Johnny Andrews Boston MA, singer/host (Songs at Twilight)
1920 Toshiro Mifune Tsing-tao China, writer/actor (Shogun)
1920 Joan Frances Will actress
1921 Douglas Allenbrook composer
1921 William L Bergsma Oakland CA, composer (Fortunate Island)
1922 William Manchester Attleboro MA, historian (Death of a President)
1923 Bobby Jordan Harrison NY, actor (Bowery Champs, Kid Dynamite, Flying Wild)
1924 Gunther Becker composer
1925 Sala Burton (Representative-Democrat-CA, 1983- )
1926 Anne [Inez] McCaffrey US, sci-fi author (Crystal Singer, Dragonflight, Dragondrums)
1926 Lyndon Brook actor (Invasion, Reach for the Sky)
1927 Amos Milburn rocker
1928 George Grizzard Roanoke Rapids NC, actor (Wrong is Right, Bachelor Party, Attica)
1928 Herbert Klein newscaster/press secretary
1928 Jane Powell Portland OR, singer/actress (7 Brides for 7 Brothers)
1928 Dimitri Frenkel Frank Dutch writer/director (Hadimassa)
1929 Milan Kundera Czechoslovakia, poet/writer (Unbearable Lightness of Being, L'art du Roman, Joke)
1930 Grace Lee Whitney Ann Arbor MI, actress (Yeoman Rand-Star Trek)
1930 Joan Franks-Williams composer
1931 George Baker Bulgaria, actor (Goodbye Mr Chips, Curse of the Fly)
1931 Rolf Hochhuth German playwright (Deputy)
1932 Debbie Reynolds El Paso TX, actress (Singin' in the Rain)
1932 Gordon Jump Dayton OH, actor (Arthur Carlson-WKRP, Growing Pains)
1932 Alex[ander Colleridge Vanderpuiye Baka] Tetteh-Lartey broadcaster, lawyer and actor (Caught, Laughter of God)
1932 Jiri Smutny composer
1933 Dan Flavin US minimalist sculptor
1934 Don Hastings Brooklyn NY, actor (Captain Video, Bob-As the World Turns)
1934 Jim Ed Brown Sparkman AR, country singer (Nashville on the Road)
1935 Hans H Boswinkel actor/director (Surprise Attack, Tutorials in Love)
1935 John Murray cricketer (England 1961-67, 1st wk called Murray to play Tests)
1939 Ali MacGraw Pound Ridge NY, actress (Love Story, Goodbye Columbus)
1939 Phil Niekro knuckleball pitcher (New York Yankees, Atlanta Braves)
1939 Rudolph Isley Cincinnati OH, rocker (Isley Brothers-Shout)
1941 Ajit Wadekar cricketer (stalwart Indian batsman & captain)
1942 Alan Blakley rocker (Brian Poole & The Tremeloes)
1942 Danny Brooks rocker (Dovells)
1942 Phil Margo Brooklyn NY, rock vocalist (Tokens-Lion Sleeps Tonight)
1942 Samuel R[ay] Delany Jr US, sci-fi author (Towers of Toron, Dhalgren, Neveryona)
1944 Carol White England, actress (Daddy's Gone a Hunting)
1945 Heather Young Bremerton WA, actress (Betty-Land of Giants)
1946 John Barbata drummer (Turtles-Happy Together, Eleanor)
1946 Arthur Conley US soul singer (Sweet Soul Music)
1946 Ronnie "Plonk" Lane London England , rock bassist (Small Faces-Hey Girl)
1946 William Frederick Fisher Dallas TX, MD/astronaut (STS 51-I)
1947 David Eisenhower grandson of President Dwight, married Julie Nixon
1948 Jimmy Cliff Reggae singer
1948 Simon Crowe rock drummer (Boomtown Rats-Maxinguaye)
1948 Y Y Williams Welsh rugby player
1949 Gill Scott-Heron US, writer/poet/singer (Whities on the Moon)
1950 Ed[uardus] Nijpels Dutch minister of Environment (VVD)
1950 Leonard van Spirit Dutch/British fruit/food magnate
1952 Annette O'Toole Houston TX, actress (Cat People, Superman III)
1952 Billy Currie rock keyboardist/violinist (Ultravox-We Came to Dance)
1952 Rey Robinson US, 100 meter sprinter (Olympics-1972)
1952 Abdel Basset Ali Al-Megrahi Tripoli Libya, bomber (Pan Am 103)
1953 Aftab Baloch cricketer (Pakistani in 2 Tests, scored 428 for Sind 74)
1953 Barry Sonnenfeld director (When Harry Met Sally, Big, Misery)
1954 Jeff Porcaro Los Angeles CA, drummer/percussionist (Toto-Roxanne, Africa)
1955 Danny Joe Pohl Mount Pleasant MI, PGA golfer (1986 Colonial)
1955 Stan Ridway rocker (Wall Of Voodoo)
1957 David Gower cricketer (elegant England left-handed batsman 1978-92)
1957 Donald William Hammond Frederick MD, PGA golfer (1986 Bob Hope)
1957 Peter Deutsch (Representative-Democrat-FL)
1958 Anton Innauer Austria, 70 meter ski jumper (Olympics-gold-1980)
1961 Mark White rock guitarist (ABC-All of My Heart)
1961 Jennifer Runyon actress (Cindy-A Very Brady Christmas, Gwendolyn-Charles in Charge)
1961 Jim Jeffcoat NFL defensive end (Buffalo Bills)
1962 Phillip Schofield TV personality/designer (Nightfire)
1962 Rich Amaral Visalia CA, outfielder (Seattle Mariners)
1964 John Morris cricketer (England right-hand batsman vs India 1990)
1964 Kevin Duckworth NBA center (Milwaukee Bucks)
1964 Scott Stevens Kitchener, NHL defenseman (New Jersey Devils, Team Canada)
1965 John "Jumbo" Elliot NFL tackle (New York Giants, New York Jets)
1965 Mark Jackson NBA guard (Indiana Pacers)
1965 Peter O'Toole Irish pop bassist (Hothouse Flowers-People, Home, Don't Go)
1966 Dave Vankoughnett CFL corner (Winnipeg Blue Bombers)
1966 Odie Harris NFL safety/defensive back (Houston Oilers)
1968 Joel Smeenge NFL defensive end (Jacksonville Jaguars)
1969 Traci Lin-Tavi New York NY, actress (Ryan's Hope, F/X, Fright Night 2)
1969 Andrew Vlahov Australian basketball forward (Olympics-1988, 92, 96)
1969 Arnaud Boetsch Meulam France, tennis star (1985 European Junior)
1969 Frank Castillo El Paso TX, pitcher (Chicago Cubs)
1969 John Forest soccer player (Go Ahead Eagles)
1969 Kevin Dean Madison, NHL defenseman (New Jersey Devils)
1970 Mark Wheeler NFL defensive tackle (Tampa Bay Buccaneers, New England Patriots)
1970 Wes Barnett St Joseph MO, 238lb (108kg) weightlifter (Olympics-6th-92, 96)
1970 Wyatt Jones Honolulu HI, kayak (alternate-Olympics-96)
1971 Daniel Vacek Prague Czechoslovakia, tennis star
1971 Ernest Jones NFL defensive end (Saints, Denver Broncos-Superbowl 32)
1971 Jessica Collins [Capogna] actress (Dinah Lee Mayberry-Loving)
1972 Kenny Gales NFL/WLAF cornerback (Chicago Bears, Barcelona Dragons)
1972 Mike McCoy WLAF quarterback (Amsterdam Admirals)
1973 Ferdy Vierklau soccer player (FC Utrecht)
1973 Stephen Fleming cricketer (New Zealand left-handed Test batsman 1994-)
1975 Kristine Quance 100 meter breaststroke/200 meter medley (Olympics-96)
1975 Magdalena Maleeva Sofia Bulgaria, tennis star (1995 Chicago Moscow)
1976 Clarence Seedorf Surinam/Dutch soccer player (Ajax, Real Madrid)
1980 Bryan Buffinton Ridgewood NJ, actor (Bill Lewis Jr-Guiding Light)
1982 Sam Huntington actor (Jungle 2 Jungle)


Deaths which occurred on April 1st:
1204 Eleanor of Aquitaine wife of Louis VII & Henry II, dies at 81
1205 Amalrik II King of Cyprus/Jerusalem, dies
1548 Sigismund I the Elder, King of Poland, dies at 81
1611 Gillis van Valkenborch Flemish painter, buried at about 72
1734 Louis Lully composer, dies at 69
1799 Narciso Casanovas composer, dies at 52
1807 Louis François Chambray composer, dies at 69
1807 Miklós Révai Hungarian linguistic/poet, dies at 57
1807 Vaclav Josef Bartolomej Praupner composer, dies at 61
1814 Jozef de Ferraris French/Austrian General/cartographer, dies at 87
1830 Carl Borromaus Neuner composer, dies at 51
1832 Robert the Hermit US ex-slave/hermit in Massachusetts, dies
1866 Aime Ambroise Simon Leborne composer, dies at 98
1866 Johannes C H de Meijere Dutch zoologist, dies
1869 Anthony G O Ridder van Rappard Minister of Reformed Worship, dies at 69
1870 Patrick Gass Sergeant of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies at 98
1878 Eugene Gautier composer, dies at 56
1901 François M Raoult Fren physicist/chemist (Law of Raoult), dies at 70
1910 Andreas Aschenbach German painter/engraver, dies at 94
1914 Rube Waddell baseballer, dies at 37 of TB
1915 Johann Joseph Abert composer, dies at 82
1916 Gabrielle Petit Belgian resistance fighter, executed
1916 Sjoerd van der Schaaf Frisian journalist/writer (Abbingawâld), dies
1917 Scott Joplin ragtime composer (Sting), dies at 48
1918 Karl Fritjof Valentin composer, dies at 64
1922 Charles I emperor (Austria)/King of Hungary (Charles IV), dies
1925 Francis William Davenport composer, dies at 77
1930 Zawditu 1st reigning female monarch of Ethiopia, dies
1930 Cosima Liszt wife of Austrian composer Richard Wagner, dies at 92
1933 Frederick Lord Chelmsford viceroy of British-India (1916-21), dies at 64
1936 Mikhail Vladimirovich Ivanov-Boretsky composer, dies at 61
1941 Hippolyte Delehaye Flemish historian, dies at 81
1946 Noah Beery actor (Beau Geste, Cimarron Kid, Mammy), dies at 62
1947 George II king of Greece, dies at 56
1950 Charles R Drew surgeon/developer of blood bank concept, dies at 45
1951 Clement D'Hooghe composer, dies at 51
1952 Ferenc Molnár Hungarian playwright (Farkas, Tester), dies at 76
1955 Silvio d'Amico Italian theater critic (Il Teatro Italian), dies at 68
1957 Gheorge Tatarescu premier Romania (1933-37, 39-40), dies
1960 Piet[er O] Bakker Dutch journalist/writer (Ciske), dies at 62
1964 Bozidar Kunc composer, dies at 60
1965 Henry D G Crerar Canadian General (WWI, Normandy), dies at 76
1966 Karl B Adam German theologist (Jesus Christ), dies at 89
1968 Lev D Landau Russian physicist (Nobel 1962), dies at 59
1969 Helena Rubinstein US cosmetic manufacturer, dies at about 89
1973 Arthur Wood cricket wicket-keeper (England 1938-39), dies
1974 Alfred Ernest Whitehead composer, dies at 86
1975 Eugeen Yoors Flemish draftsman/glass painter, dies at 95
1976 Freddie Lennon father of John Lennon (Beatles), dies at 63
1976 Max Ernst German/French surrealist painter/sculptor, dies at 85
1976 Miroslav Ponc composer, dies at 73
1976 S Constantine Timoshenko Russian marshal, dies at 75
1979 Marinus Peijnenburg Dutch politician, dies at 51
1981 D[ennis] F[eltham] Jones sci-fi author (Colossus), dies at 65
1984 Marvin Gaye shot to death by his father Marvin Gaye Sr in Los Angeles CA at 44
1988 Jim Jordan actor (Fibber McGee), dies from a blod clot at 91
1988 Marius W Holtrop economist/president (Netherlands Bank), dies at 85
1989 Henk Gortzak Dutch MP (CPN/PSP), dies at 57
1991 Richard Thorpe director (MGM), dies at 95
1991 Martha Graham US, choreographer (Appalachian Spring), dies at 96
1991 Paulo Muwanga chief of Uganda (1980), dies
1992 Juanito soccer star (Madrid Real 1977-87), dies at 37 in car crash
1993 Alan Kulwicki stock car racer, dies in plane crash at 38
1993 Ihsan Mohamed Salem [Yunis Awad] Palestinian Al-Fatah leader, killed
1993 Juan of Borbon y Battemberg father of king Juan Carlos I, dies
1993 Wayne Mack sportscaster/actor (Storyville), dies of cancer at 68
1994 Leon Degrelle Belgium General, dies
1994 Robert Doisneau French photographer (The Kiss), dies at 81
1994 Rosalind Laura Burke aviatrix, dies at 86
1994 Stuart Sloan war hero/test pilot, dies at 72
1995 Cheryl Waltz author/film producer, dies at 50
1995 Francisco Moncion dancer, dies at 73
1995 Johnny Nicholss footballer, dies at 63
1995 Lucie Rie potter, dies at 93
1995 Richard Pool naval Officer, dies at 75
1995 Sampson DeBrier actor (Inauguration of Pleasure Dome), dies at 86
1996 Alfredo Nobre Coast PM of Portugal (1978), dies
1996 Edwin H "Buddy" Morris music publisher, dies at 89
1996 John Alwyne Kitching zoologist, dies at 87
1996 John McSheery dies of heart attack while umpiring a game, at 51
1996 Mario Viegas actor (The Jew, Divine Comedy), dies at 47
1997 Jolie Gabor mother of Zsa Zsa & Eva, dies at 97
1997 Nancy Woodhull news editor (USA Today), dies of cancer at 52

Golden Link 1/ On this day 1st April

Golden Link 2/ On this day 1st April

Golden Link 3/ On this day 1st April